Restore Our Alienated Rights

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R.O.A.R. Pin
R.O.A.R. Pin

Restore Our Alienated Rights (ROAR) was an organization formed in Boston, Massachusetts by Louise Day Hicks in 1974.[1] Opposed to desegregation busing of Boston's public school students, the group protested the federally-mandated order to integrate Boston Public Schools by staging formal, sometimes violent protests and remained active from 1974 until 1976. [2]


ROAR was originally organized by Louise Day Hicks as the "Save Boston Committee.[3] The committee was organized to oppose the Racial Imbalance Act and first met in February 1974. Thomas O' Connell, a father from the Hyde Park neighborhood of Boston was appointed its first chair. By June of 1974, the committee had changed its name to ROAR.[4]


The group's purpose was to fight off U.S. Federal Judge W. Arthur Garrity's court order requiring the city of Boston to implement desegregation busing — an order intended to eliminate de facto racial segregation in its public schools. To supporters, ROAR's purpose was its namesake; i.e., to protect the "vanishing rights" of white citizens. To its many opponents, however, ROAR was a symbol of mass racism coalesced into a single organization. ROAR was composed primarily of women, and its leaders argued that "the issue of forced busing is a women's issue."[4]

On April 3, 1974, the committee organized a 20,000 person march from Boston City Hall Plaza to the State House.[4] On March 19, 1975, 1,200 ROAR members marched in Washington DC to generate national support for their cause.[5]

Notable Members[edit]

See also[edit]

Further reading[edit]


  1. ^ Guide to the Louise Day Hicks records
  2. ^ Nutter, Kathleen (2010). "’Militant Mothers’: Boston, Busing, and the Bicentennial of 1976.” Historical Journal of Massachusetts". Historical Journal of Massachusetts (38, no.2). Boston Globe. 
  3. ^ Jeanne Theoharis; Komozi Woodard (1 January 2005). Groundwork: Local Black Freedom Movements in America. NYU Press. pp. 33–. ISBN 978-0-8147-8285-9. 
  4. ^ a b c d Banks Nutter, Kathleen (Fall 2010). "“Militant Mothers”: Boston, Busing, and the Bicentennial of 1976" (PDF). Historical Journal of Massachusetts. 38 (1) (Fall 2010): 52–75. Retrieved April 6, 2017. 
  5. ^ Morgan, Marilyn (March 18, 2017). "Roaring for Rights: Louise Day Hicks, Women & the Anti-Busing Movement". Archives & Public History at UMass Boston. Retrieved April 6, 2017. 
  6. ^ Toledo Blade, January 5, 1976,
  7. ^ Eugene Eugene Register-Guard - Nov 7, 1974,
  8. ^