Results of the 2019 Canadian federal election

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The 2019 Canadian federal election was held on October 21, 2019, to elect members of the House of Commons to the 43rd Canadian Parliament. The Liberal Party of Canada, having previously held a majority of the seats in the House, was returned with a minority of the seats, while the Conservative Party of Canada gained fewer seats than expected and the Bloc Québécois saw its standing revived in Quebec.

Summary[edit]

Grid cartogram of the 2019 Canadian general election, showing percentage of the popular vote by constituency. Majority victories are depicted as spirals, plurality victories as stacks. Cartogram at bottom right shows first-place results only.
Elections Canada sign posted in front of polling place

Campaign strategy was weak in most of the political parties. As one commentator remarked, "Never before have both major parties taken such a small share of the vote. Never before, in my memory, have both declined steadily and together throughout a campaign."[1] While the Conservative share of the vote rose from 31.9 percent in 2015 to 34.4 percent in 2019, and saw its share of the popular vote rise in 194 of the ridings, its share of the vote fell In the remaining 144.[a][2] The Liberals emerged from the election with a strategic advantage in seats in both Ontario and Quebec, and the Conservatives' weakness on election day may lead to questions about the future of its leader Andrew Scheer,[3][4] but there is also discussion as to whether the Tories' shortfall is due to more systemic reasons,[5][6][7] especially with respect to the urban/rural divide in the electorate.[8]

Opinion polling was generally accurate, although in most polls support for the Liberals and Conservatives was mildly understated, while that for the Bloc and the Greens was overstated.[9] Seats won fell within poll projections, but it was noted that at least eight seats expected to go to the NDP actually went Liberal, leading to the conjecture that the prior departure of their long-time NDP MPs revealed the underlying weakness of the party brand.[9]

Synopsis of results[edit]

Results by riding - 2019 Canadian federal election[a 1]
Riding Prov/
Terr
2015 Winning party Turnout
[a 2]
Votes[a 3]
Party Votes Share Margin
#
Margin
%
Lib Con NDP BQ Green PPC Ind Other Total
 
Banff—Airdrie AB Con Con 55,504 71.1% 47,079 60.3% 73.1% 8,425 55,504 8,185 3,315 2,651 78,080
Battle River—Crowfoot AB Con Con 53,309 85.5% 50,124 80.4% 77.3% 2,557 53,309 3,185 1,689 1,620 62,360
Bow River AB Con Con 46,279 83.9% 43,106 78.2% 70.1% 3,173 46,279 3,086 826 1,321 453 55,138
Calgary Centre AB Lib Con 37,306 56.6% 19,535 29.7% 69.4% 17,771 37,306 6,516 2,853 907 138 373 65,864
Calgary Confederation AB Con Con 36,312 55.1% 21,404 32.5% 72.2% 14,908 36,312 7,312 5,700 1,136 524 65,892
Calgary Forest Lawn AB Con Con 23,805 59.6% 15,115 37.8% 53.5% 8,690 23,805 4,227 1,318 1,089 388 447 39,964
Calgary Heritage AB Con Con 40,817 70.7% 32,760 56.8% 70.9% 8,057 40,817 5,278 2,027 1,123 228 185 57,715
Calgary Midnapore AB Con Con 50,559 74.3% 43,052 63.2% 73.2% 7,507 50,559 6,445 1,992 1,585 68,088
Calgary Nose Hill AB Con Con 38,588 69.8% 29,885 54.0% 66.9% 8,703 38,588 5,304 1,554 1,089 71 55,309
Calgary Rocky Ridge AB Con Con 48,253 68.3% 35,241 49.9% 72.3% 13,012 48,253 6,051 2,011 1,053 270 70,650
Calgary Shepard AB Con Con 58,614 75.0% 49,970 63.9% 70.2% 8,644 58,614 6,828 2,345 1,709 78,140
Calgary Signal Hill AB Con Con 44,421 70.0% 34,699 54.7% 72.1% 9,722 44,421 5,355 2,139 1,130 711 63,478
Calgary Skyview AB Lib Con 26,533 52.5% 12,206 24.1% 60.7% 14,327 26,533 7,540 800 603 749 50,552
Edmonton Centre AB Lib Con 22,006 41.4% 4,482 8.4% 65.4% 17,524 22,006 10,959 1,394 805 119 285 53,092
Edmonton Griesbach AB Con Con 24,120 51.4% 12,320 26.2% 57.5% 8,100 24,120 11,800 1,189 1,074 216 464 46,963
Edmonton Manning AB Con Con 30,425 55.9% 18,733 34.4% 61.5% 11,692 30,425 9,555 1,255 1,109 344 54,380
Edmonton Mill Woods AB Lib Con 26,736 50.3% 8,857 16.7% 69.0% 17,879 26,736 6,422 968 953 219 53,177
Edmonton Riverbend AB Con Con 35,126 57.4% 21,088 34.5% 71.0% 14,038 35,126 9,332 1,797 855 61,148
Edmonton Strathcona AB NDP NDP 26,823 47.3% 5,788 10.2% 73.7% 6,592 21,035 26,823 1,152 941 202 56,745
Edmonton West AB Con Con 35,719 60.9% 23,907 40.8% 66.6% 11,812 35,719 8,537 1,441 1,126 58,635
Edmonton—Wetaskiwin AB Con Con 63,346 72.4% 52,544 60.1% 71.4% 10,802 63,346 9,820 1,660 1,616 211 87,455
Foothills AB Con Con 53,872 82.1% 50,016 76.3% 76.6% 3,856 53,872 3,767 2,398 1,698 65,591
Fort McMurray—Cold Lake AB Con Con 40,706 79.9% 35,858 70.3% 65.6% 4,848 40,706 2,883 865 1,674 50,976
Grande Prairie—Mackenzie AB Con Con 51,198 84.0% 46,953 77.0% 72.4% 2,910 51,198 4,245 1,134 1,492 60,979
Lakeland AB Con Con 48,314 83.9% 44,586 77.4% 73.6% 2,565 48,314 3,728 1,105 1,468 398 57,578
Lethbridge AB Con Con 40,713 65.8% 31,603 51.1% 70.5% 8,443 40,713 9,110 1,939 1,007 670 61,882
Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner AB Con Con 42,045 79.2% 37,406 70.4% 68.1% 3,528 42,045 4,639 1,203 1,350 337 53,102
Peace River—Westlock AB Con Con 41,659 80.7% 37,773 73.1% 70.4% 3,148 41,659 3,886 1,377 1,579 51,649
Red Deer—Lacombe AB Con Con 53,843 79.8% 47,831 70.9% 72.8% 3,540 53,843 6,012 1,596 2,453 67,444
Red Deer—Mountain View AB Con Con 54,765 80.3% 49,819 73.1% 76.8% 3,795 54,765 4,946 2,026 2,637 68,169
Sherwood Park—Fort Saskatchewan AB Con Con 53,600 73.4% 44,733 61.2% 77.0% 7,357 53,600 8,867 1,592 1,334 300 73,050
St. Albert—Edmonton AB Con Con 39,506 60.7% 27,029 41.5% 70.7% 12,477 39,506 9,895 1,594 1,268 351 65,091
Sturgeon River—Parkland AB Con Con 53,235 77.5% 46,295 67.4% 74.2% 4,696 53,235 6,940 1,745 1,625 416 68,657
Yellowhead AB Con Con 45,964 82.1% 42,066 75.2% 76.2% 2,912 45,964 3,898 1,272 1,592 330 55,968
Abbotsford BC Con Con 25,162 51.4% 14,602 29.8% 65.9% 10,560 25,162 8,257 3,702 985 270 48,936
Burnaby North—Seymour BC Lib Lib 17,770 35.5% 1,585 3.2% 65.4% 17,770 9,734 16,185 4,801 1,079 271 219 50,059
Burnaby South BC NDP NDP 16,956 37.7% 3,042 6.8% 56.9% 10,706 13,914 16,956 2,477 645 308 45,006
Cariboo—Prince George BC Con Con 28,848 52.7% 17,916 32.7% 65.5% 10,932 28,848 8,440 4,998 1,206 350 54,774
Central Okanagan—Similkameen—Nicola BC Con Con 31,135 47.9% 14,883 22.9% 69.2% 16,252 31,135 10,904 5,086 1,345 213 64,935
Chilliwack—Hope BC Con Con 26,672 49.6% 15,824 29.4% 65.7% 10,848 26,672 8,957 5,243 1,760 275 53,755
Cloverdale—Langley City BC Lib Con 20,936 37.7% 1,394 2.5% 65.0% 19,542 20,936 10,508 3,572 930 55,488
Coquitlam—Port Coquitlam BC Lib Lib 20,178 34.7% 390 0.7% 63.7% 20,178 19,788 13,383 4,025 703 98 58,175
Courtenay—Alberni BC NDP NDP 29,790 41.2% 5,854 8.1% 72.3% 8,620 23,936 29,790 9,762 172 72,280
Cowichan—Malahat—Langford BC NDP NDP 23,519 36.1% 6,560 10.1% 70.7% 10,301 16,959 23,519 13,181 1,066 202 65,228
Delta BC Lib Lib 22,257 41.2% 4,448 8.2% 70.7% 22,257 17,809 8,792 3,387 948 783 53,976
Esquimalt—Saanich—Sooke BC NDP NDP 23,887 34.1% 5,381 7.7% 70.9% 12,554 13,409 23,887 18,506 1,089 282 398 70,125
Fleetwood—Port Kells BC Lib Lib 18,545 37.7% 1,899 3.9% 61.5% 18,545 16,646 10,569 2,378 1,104 49,242
Kamloops—Thompson—Cariboo BC Con Con 32,415 44.7% 12,699 17.5% 70.8% 19,716 32,415 9,936 8,789 1,132 465 72,453
Kelowna—Lake Country BC Lib Con 31,497 45.6% 8,870 12.8% 69.4% 22,627 31,497 8,381 5,171 1,225 219 69,120
Kootenay—Columbia BC NDP Con 30,168 44.8% 7,019 10.4% 73.8% 6,151 30,168 23,149 6,145 1,378 339 67,330
Langley—Aldergrove BC Con Con 29,823 47.0% 13,569 21.4% 68.9% 16,254 29,823 10,690 4,881 1,305 499 63,452
Mission—Matsqui—Fraser Canyon BC Lib Con 19,535 42.4% 7,236 15.7% 67.2% 12,299 19,535 8,089 5,019 1,055 69 46,066
Nanaimo—Ladysmith BC NDP Grn 24,844 34.6% 6,210 8.6% 69.5% 9,735 18,634 16,985 24,844 1,049 306 311 71,864
New Westminster—Burnaby BC NDP NDP 23,437 44.2% 11,023 20.8% 62.3% 12,414 11,439 23,437 4,378 862 83 364 52,977
North Island—Powell River BC NDP NDP 23,834 37.9% 3,332 5.3% 70.6% 8,251 20,502 23,834 8,891 1,102 287 48 62,915
North Okanagan—Shuswap BC Con Con 36,154 48.8% 19,371 26.1% 70.0% 16,783 36,154 11,353 7,828 2,027 74,145
North Vancouver BC Lib Lib 26,979 42.9% 10,071 16.0% 71.7% 26,979 16,908 10,340 7,868 835 62,930
Pitt Meadows—Maple Ridge BC Lib Con 19,650 36.2% 3,525 6.5% 68.2% 16,125 19,650 12,958 4,332 698 468 54,231
Port Moody—Coquitlam BC NDP Con 16,855 31.2% 153 0.3% 66.4% 15,695 16,855 16,702 3,873 821 57 54,003
Prince George—Peace River—Northern Rockies BC Con Con 38,473 69.8% 32,082 58.2% 69.8% 6,391 38,473 5,069 3,448 1,748 55,129
Richmond Centre BC Con Con 19,037 49.0% 7,985 20.6% 53.4% 11,052 19,037 5,617 2,376 538 197 38,817
Saanich—Gulf Islands BC Grn Grn 33,454 49.1% 19,670 28.9% 75.5% 11,326 13,784 8,657 33,454 929 68,150
Skeena—Bulkley Valley BC NDP NDP 16,944 40.9% 3,188 7.7% 62.7% 4,793 13,756 16,944 3,280 940 321 1,350 41,384
South Okanagan—West Kootenay BC NDP NDP 24,809 36.4% 796 1.2% 69.6% 11,705 24,013 24,809 5,672 1,638 359 68,196
South Surrey—White Rock BC Con Con 24,310 41.9% 2,618 4.5% 69.6% 21,692 24,310 6,716 4,458 852 58,028
Steveston—Richmond East BC Lib Con 17,478 41.7% 2,747 6.5% 57.4% 14,731 17,478 6,321 2,972 449 41,951
Surrey Centre BC Lib Lib 15,453 37.4% 4,100 9.9% 54.9% 15,453 10,505 11,353 2,558 709 243 498 41,319
Surrey—Newton BC Lib Lib 18,960 45.0% 6,654 15.8% 63.4% 18,960 8,824 12,306 1,355 653 42,098
Vancouver Centre BC Lib Lib 23,599 42.2% 10,319 18.4% 61.5% 23,599 10,782 13,280 7,002 724 180 379 55,946
Vancouver East BC NDP NDP 29,236 52.6% 19,151 34.4% 61.1% 10,085 6,724 29,236 8,062 679 825 55,611
Vancouver Granville BC Lib Ind 17,265 32.6% 3,177 6.0% 65.0% 14,088 11,605 6,960 2,683 431 17,265 53,032
Vancouver Kingsway BC NDP NDP 21,680 49.1% 11,486 26.0% 59.4% 10,194 8,804 21,680 2,675 427 91 44,163
Vancouver Quadra BC Lib Lib 22,093 43.5% 8,011 15.8% 68.0% 22,093 14,082 7,681 6,308 428 162 50,754
Vancouver South BC Lib Lib 17,808 41.2% 3,420 7.9% 58.9% 17,808 14,388 8,015 2,451 532 43,194
Victoria BC NDP NDP 23,765 33.2% 2,382 3.3% 73.5% 15,952 9,038 23,765 21,383 920 111 380 71,549
West Vancouver—Sunshine Coast—Sea to Sky Country BC Lib Lib 22,673 34.9% 5,314 8.2% 69.1% 22,673 17,359 9,027 14,579 1,010 159 173 64,980
Brandon—Souris MB Con Con 26,148 63.5% 20,343 49.4% 66.4% 4,972 26,148 5,805 2,984 691 326 280 41,206
Charleswood—St. James—Assiniboia—Headingley MB Lib Con 18,815 40.7% 2,417 5.2% 71.1% 16,398 18,815 6,556 2,178 1,975 140 166 46,228
Churchill—Keewatinook Aski MB NDP NDP 11,919 50.3% 6,303 26.6% 48.8% 5,616 4,714 11,919 1,144 294 23,687
Dauphin—Swan River—Neepawa MB Con Con 26,103 64.3% 20,379 50.2% 66.2% 5,344 26,103 5,724 2,214 711 470 40,566
Elmwood—Transcona MB NDP NDP 19,786 45.6% 3,546 8.2% 62.8% 5,346 16,240 19,786 1,480 512 43,364
Kildonan—St. Paul MB Lib Con 19,856 44.8% 7,500 16.9% 67.7% 12,356 19,856 9,387 1,777 510 108 304 44,298
Portage—Lisgar MB Con Con 31,600 70.8% 26,821 60.1% 68.5% 4,779 31,600 3,872 2,356 1,169 860 44,636
Provencher MB Con Con 31,821 65.9% 25,474 52.7% 70.5% 6,347 31,821 6,187 2,884 1,066 48,305
Saint Boniface—Saint Vital MB Lib Lib 20,300 42.9% 4,864 10.3% 69.9% 20,300 15,436 8,037 2,671 591 303 47,338
Selkirk—Interlake—Eastman MB Con Con 31,109 62.7% 22,236 44.8% 68.7% 6,003 31,109 8,873 2,934 683 49,602
Winnipeg Centre MB Lib NDP 13,073 41.2% 2,369 7.5% 54.2% 10,704 5,561 13,073 1,661 474 251 31,724
Winnipeg North MB Lib Lib 15,581 47.6% 7,112 21.7% 52.4% 15,581 6,820 8,469 905 324 231 404 32,735
Winnipeg South MB Lib Lib 20,182 42.1% 1,645 3.4% 69.9% 20,182 18,537 6,678 2,073 419 47,889
Winnipeg South Centre MB Lib Lib 22,799 45.0% 7,748 15.3% 71.6% 22,799 15,051 8,965 3,173 569 104 50,661
Acadie—Bathurst NB Lib Lib 26,547 55.1% 16,195 33.6% 73.5% 26,547 10,352 6,967 4,277 48,143
Beauséjour NB Lib Lib 24,948 46.5% 10,643 19.8% 78.0% 24,948 9,438 3,940 14,305 1,054 53,685
Fredericton NB Lib Grn 16,640 33.7% 1,629 3.3% 75.5% 13,544 15,011 2,946 16,640 776 492 49,409
Fundy Royal NB Lib Con 22,389 46.0% 9,956 20.5% 75.4% 12,433 22,389 4,804 7,275 1,249 295 201 48,646
Madawaska—Restigouche NB Lib Lib 17,331 50.3% 7,530 21.8% 69.4% 17,331 9,801 2,212 5,125 34,469
Miramichi—Grand Lake NB Lib Lib 12,722 36.8% 370 1.1% 72.8% 12,722 12,352 2,875 3,914 1,179 1,556 34,598
Moncton—Riverview—Dieppe NB Lib Lib 22,261 43.0% 10,061 19.4% 70.0% 22,261 12,200 6,164 9,287 1,258 658 51,828
New Brunswick Southwest NB Lib Con 19,451 49.1% 9,341 23.6% 74.5% 10,110 19,451 3,251 5,352 1,214 200 39,578
Saint John—Rothesay NB Lib Lib 15,443 37.4% 1,437 3.5% 65.5% 15,443 14,006 5,046 4,165 1,260 1,333 41,253
Tobique—Mactaquac NB Lib Con 19,229 50.3% 9,598 25.1% 70.0% 9,631 19,229 3,007 5,398 936 38,201
Avalon NL Lib Lib 19,122 46.3% 6,267 15.2% 60.4% 19,122 12,855 7,142 2,215 41,334
Bonavista—Burin—Trinity NL Lib Lib 14,707 45.7% 2,010 6.2% 55.8% 14,707 12,697 3,855 920 32,179
Coast of Bays—Central—Notre Dame NL Lib Lib 16,514 48.3% 4,433 13.0% 55.6% 16,514 12,081 4,224 1,363 34,182
Labrador NL Lib Lib 4,851 42.5% 1,303 11.4% 57.7% 4,851 3,548 2,796 224 11,419
Long Range Mountains NL Lib Lib 18,199 47.4% 7,326 19.1% 56.2% 18,199 10,873 7,609 1,334 411 38,426
St. John's East NL Lib NDP 21,148 46.9% 6,186 13.7% 69.0% 14,962 8,141 21,148 821 45,072
St. John's South—Mount Pearl NL Lib Lib 20,793 51.1% 9,903 24.4% 61.4% 20,793 7,767 10,890 740 335 141 40,666
Cape Breton—Canso NS Lib Lib 16,694 38.9% 1,873 4.4% 72.1% 16,694 14,821 6,354 3,321 925 685 140 42,940
Central Nova NS Lib Lib 20,718 46.6% 7,517 16.9% 74.5% 20,718 13,201 5,806 3,478 938 149 180 44,470
Cumberland—Colchester NS Lib Lib 16,672 36.7% 453 1.0% 68.9% 16,672 16,219 5,451 6,015 608 232 253 45,450
Dartmouth—Cole Harbour NS Lib Lib 24,259 45.3% 9,824 18.4% 70.0% 24,259 8,638 14,435 5,280 887 53,499
Halifax NS Lib Lib 23,681 42.5% 6,934 12.4% 75.0% 23,681 6,456 16,747 8,013 633 222 55,752
Halifax West NS Lib Lib 26,885 49.5% 16,397 30.2% 71.1% 26,885 10,488 10,429 6,555 54,357
Kings—Hants NS Lib Lib 20,806 43.3% 8,901 18.5% 69.5% 20,806 11,905 8,254 6,029 786 256 48,036
Sackville—Preston—Chezzetcook NS Lib Lib 19,925 40.2% 8,065 16.3% 69.8% 19,925 11,211 11,860 5,725 816 49,537
South Shore—St. Margarets NS Lib Lib 21,886 41.7% 7,142 13.6% 67.7% 21,886 14,744 8,361 6,070 667 541 249 52,518
Sydney—Victoria NS Lib Lib 12,536 30.9% 1,309 3.2% 68.4% 12,536 11,227 8,146 2,249 6,159 248 40,565
West Nova NS Lib Con 18,390 39.3% 1,365 2.9% 67.7% 17,025 18,390 5,010 5,939 434 46,798
Ajax ON Lib Lib 35,198 57.7% 19,334 31.7% 66.3% 35,198 15,864 7,033 2,040 588 297 61,020
Algoma—Manitoulin—Kapuskasing ON NDP NDP 16,883 41.6% 6,258 15.4% 62.6% 9,879 10,625 16,883 2,192 887 125 40,591
Aurora—Oak Ridges—Richmond Hill ON Lib Con 23,568 44.4% 1,060 2.0% 64.4% 22,508 23,568 3,820 2,154 530 529 53,109
Barrie—Innisfil ON Con Con 23,765 43.8% 7,886 14.5% 63.0% 15,879 23,765 8,880 4,716 1,013 54,253
Barrie—Springwater—Oro-Medonte ON Con Con 20,981 39.0% 4,176 7.8% 66.9% 16,805 20,981 7,972 7,066 969 53,793
Bay of Quinte ON Lib Lib 24,099 39.2% 1,449 2.4% 66.1% 24,099 22,650 9,851 3,740 1,207 61,547
Beaches—East York ON Lib Lib 32,647 57.2% 20,451 35.8% 70.9% 32,647 8,026 12,196 3,378 831 57,078
Brampton Centre ON Lib Lib 18,771 47.2% 8,075 20.3% 59.8% 18,771 10,696 7,819 1,685 681 106 39,758
Brampton East ON Lib Lib 24,050 47.4% 10,682 21.0% 66.4% 24,050 12,125 13,368 666 244 211 89 50,753
Brampton North ON Lib Lib 25,970 51.4% 11,997 23.8% 65.9% 25,970 13,973 8,533 1,516 510 50,502
Brampton South ON Lib Lib 24,085 49.5% 10,257 21.1% 62.8% 24,085 13,828 7,985 1,926 354 505 48,683
Brampton West ON Lib Lib 28,743 53.5% 15,919 29.7% 62.6% 28,743 12,824 9,855 1,271 505 485 53,683
Brantford—Brant ON Con Con 26,849 40.3% 6,395 9.6% 62.2% 20,454 26,849 13,131 4,257 1,320 261 394 66,666
Bruce—Grey—Owen Sound ON Con Con 26,830 46.1% 9,345 16.1% 65.6% 17,485 26,830 6,797 5,114 1,614 321 58,161
Burlington ON Lib Lib 34,989 48.4% 11,059 15.4% 72.6% 34,989 23,930 7,372 4,750 944 71,985
Cambridge ON Lib Lib 22,903 39.5% 5,494 9.5% 64.9% 22,903 17,409 11,177 4,343 1,872 238 57,942
Carleton ON Con Con 32,147 46.3% 5,629 8.1% 79.5% 26,518 32,147 6,479 3,423 792 69,359
Chatham-Kent—Leamington ON Con Con 25,359 46.9% 8,460 15.6% 63.3% 16,899 25,359 8,229 2,233 1,061 307 54,088
Davenport ON Lib Lib 23,251 43.7% 1,439 2.7% 67.1% 23,251 4,921 21,812 2,397 496 165 138 53,180
Don Valley East ON Lib Lib 25,295 59.8% 15,180 35.9% 49.8% 25,295 10,115 4,647 1,675 562 42,294
Don Valley North ON Lib Lib 23,495 50.4% 6,989 15.0% 62.0% 23,495 16,506 4,285 1,803 482 46,571
Don Valley West ON Lib Lib 29,148 55.8% 12,844 24.6% 71.5% 29,148 16,304 3,804 2,257 444 277 52,234
Dufferin—Caledon ON Con Con 28,852 42.0% 6,207 9.0% 65.1% 22,645 28,852 7,981 7,303 1,516 319 68,616
Durham ON Con Con 30,752 42.1% 7,205 9.9% 68.5% 23,547 30,752 13,323 3,950 1,442 73,014
Eglinton—Lawrence ON Lib Lib 29,850 53.3% 11,301 20.2% 68.1% 29,850 18,549 4,741 2,278 586 56,004
Elgin—Middlesex—London ON Con Con 31,026 50.2% 16,702 27.0% 66.7% 14,324 31,026 11,019 3,562 956 867 61,754
Essex ON NDP Con 28,274 41.4% 4,671 6.8% 67.3% 12,987 28,274 23,603 2,173 1,251 68,288
Etobicoke Centre ON Lib Lib 32,800 51.9% 10,996 17.4% 69.5% 32,800 21,804 4,881 2,775 664 295 63,219
Etobicoke North ON Lib Lib 26,388 61.4% 16,864 39.3% 58.8% 26,388 9,524 4,654 1,080 1,196 104 42,946
Etobicoke—Lakeshore ON Lib Lib 36,061 51.9% 16,109 23.2% 68.0% 36,061 19,952 8,277 4,141 921 163 69,515
Flamborough—Glanbrook ON Con Con 24,527 39.2% 1,652 2.6% 70.5% 22,875 24,527 10,322 3,833 982 62,539
Glengarry—Prescott—Russell ON Lib Lib 31,293 47.4% 7,633 11.6% 72.2% 31,293 23,660 6,851 2,113 1,174 239 461 65,791
Guelph ON Lib Lib 30,497 40.4% 11,261 14.9% 72.3% 30,497 14,568 9,297 19,236 1,087 219 664 75,568
Haldimand—Norfolk ON Con Con 28,018 46.8% 13,314 22.2% 66.3% 14,704 28,018 9,192 4,878 1,234 1,900 59,926
Haliburton—Kawartha Lakes—Brock ON Con Con 32,257 49.1% 15,190 23.1% 66.9% 17,067 32,257 9,676 5,515 1,245 65,760
Hamilton Centre ON NDP NDP 20,368 46.2% 7,717 17.5% 60.3% 12,651 6,341 20,368 3,370 833 377 182 44,122
Hamilton East—Stoney Creek ON Lib Lib 20,112 38.6% 5,182 9.9% 62.2% 20,112 13,130 14,930 2,902 1,072 52,146
Hamilton Mountain ON NDP NDP 19,135 36.1% 3,078 5.8% 66.0% 16,057 13,443 19,135 3,115 760 439 52,949
Hamilton West—Ancaster—Dundas ON Lib Lib 30,214 46.6% 12,874 19.8% 74.6% 30,214 17,340 11,527 4,770 894 156 64,901
Hastings—Lennox and Addington ON Lib Con 21,968 41.4% 2,247 4.2% 66.7% 19,721 21,968 6,984 3,114 1,307 53,094
Humber River—Black Creek ON Lib Lib 23,187 61.1% 15,989 42.1% 56.8% 23,187 6,164 7,198 804 402 203 37,958
Huron—Bruce ON Con Con 29,512 48.5% 9,345 15.4% 71.1% 20,167 29,512 7,421 2,665 1,102 60,867
Kanata—Carleton ON Lib Lib 28,746 43.1% 4,385 6.6% 77.4% 28,746 24,361 8,317 4,387 961 66,772
Kenora ON Lib Con 9,445 34.0% 1,110 4.0% 61.4% 8,335 9,445 7,923 1,526 388 170 27,787
Kingston and the Islands ON Lib Lib 31,205 45.8% 15,349 22.5% 70.5% 31,205 13,304 15,856 6,059 1,769 68,193
King—Vaughan ON Lib Lib 28,725 45.0% 1,141 1.8% 64.9% 28,725 27,584 4,297 2,511 731 63,848
Kitchener Centre ON Lib Lib 20,316 36.7% 5,922 10.7% 67.1% 20,316 13,191 6,238 14,394 1,033 202 55,374
Kitchener South—Hespeler ON Lib Lib 20,986 40.2% 3,506 6.7% 66.0% 20,986 17,480 6,945 5,671 1,005 146 52,233
Kitchener—Conestoga ON Con Lib 20,480 39.7% 365 0.7% 69.6% 20,480 20,115 5,204 4,946 790 51,535
Lambton—Kent—Middlesex ON Con Con 28,651 49.0% 13,837 23.7% 66.6% 14,814 28,651 9,355 3,463 1,804 325 58,412
Lanark—Frontenac—Kingston ON Con Con 30,077 48.1% 14,636 23.4% 72.5% 15,441 30,077 8,835 7,011 1,117 62,481
Leeds—Grenville—Thousand Islands and Rideau Lakes ON Con Con 28,630 49.0% 13,148 22.5% 69.8% 15,482 28,630 8,201 5,152 988 58,453
London North Centre ON Lib Lib 27,247 42.7% 12,181 19.1% 67.3% 27,247 15,066 14,887 4,872 1,532 137 63,741
London West ON Lib Lib 30,622 43.0% 10,712 15.0% 72.0% 30,622 19,910 15,220 3,827 1,171 523 71,273
London—Fanshawe ON NDP NDP 22,671 40.8% 7,747 13.9% 60.4% 14,924 13,770 22,671 2,781 1,132 297 55,575
Markham—Stouffville ON Lib Lib 25,055 38.9% 5,352 8.3% 68.4% 25,055 19,703 4,132 1,621 537 13,340 64,388
Markham—Thornhill ON Lib Lib 24,124 53.9% 8,650 19.3% 62.8% 24,124 15,474 3,264 1,253 358 277 44,750
Markham—Unionville ON Con Con 26,133 48.9% 5,649 10.6% 60.9% 20,484 26,133 3,524 2,394 861 53,396
Milton ON Con Lib 30,882 51.7% 9,318 15.6% 70.8% 30,882 21,564 3,851 2,769 613 59,679
Mississauga Centre ON Lib Lib 29,974 55.8% 14,100 26.2% 62.3% 29,974 15,874 5,173 1,646 837 252 53,756
Mississauga East—Cooksville ON Lib Lib 27,923 53.1% 10,259 19.5% 62.1% 27,923 17,664 4,643 1,578 637 178 52,623
Mississauga—Erin Mills ON Lib Lib 31,181 53.5% 12,131 20.8% 66.6% 31,181 19,050 5,236 2,147 648 58,262
Mississauga—Lakeshore ON Lib Lib 29,526 48.4% 6,786 11.1% 68.2% 29,526 22,740 5,103 2,814 717 99 60,999
Mississauga—Malton ON Lib Lib 27,890 57.5% 15,362 31.7% 62.0% 27,890 12,528 6,103 1,251 369 396 48,537
Mississauga—Streetsville ON Lib Lib 29,618 50.4% 10,144 17.3% 67.6% 29,618 19,474 6,036 2,688 706 243 58,765
Nepean ON Lib Lib 31,933 45.9% 8,613 12.4% 75.2% 31,933 23,320 9,104 4,379 687 160 69,583
Newmarket—Aurora ON Lib Lib 26,488 43.1% 3,236 5.3% 67.3% 26,488 23,252 6,576 3,551 588 1,005 61,460
Niagara Centre ON Lib Lib 20,292 35.0% 2,305 4.0% 64.9% 20,292 17,987 15,469 3,054 776 385 57,963
Niagara Falls ON Con Con 24,751 35.5% 2,061 3.0% 62.3% 22,690 24,751 12,566 3,404 968 4,997 358 69,734
Niagara West ON Con Con 24,447 45.3% 7,018 13.0% 72.5% 17,429 24,447 6,540 3,620 869 1,019 53,924
Nickel Belt ON Lib Lib 19,046 39.0% 3,390 6.9% 64.7% 19,046 10,343 15,656 2,644 1,159 48,848
Nipissing—Timiskaming ON Lib Lib 19,352 40.5% 6,368 13.3% 64.6% 19,352 12,984 9,784 3,111 2,496 47,727
Northumberland—Peterborough South ON Lib Con 27,385 39.7% 2,408 3.5% 71.7% 24,977 27,385 9,615 5,524 1,460 68,961
Oakville ON Lib Lib 30,265 46.3% 4,704 7.2% 73.1% 30,265 25,561 4,928 3,704 798 145 65,401
Oakville North—Burlington ON Lib Lib 33,597 48.3% 7,113 10.2% 71.9% 33,597 26,484 5,866 2,925 751 69,623
Orléans ON Lib Lib 44,183 54.3% 21,199 26.0% 77.3% 44,183 22,984 9,428 3,829 986 81,410
Oshawa ON Con Con 24,087 38.9% 6,419 10.4% 61.5% 15,750 24,087 17,668 3,151 1,215 112 61,983
Ottawa Centre ON Lib Lib 38,391 48.7% 15,575 19.7% 80.1% 38,391 9,920 22,916 5,837 730 242 876 78,902
Ottawa South ON Lib Lib 34,205 52.3% 18,180 27.8% 72.0% 34,205 16,025 10,457 3,645 717 228 99 65,376
Ottawa West—Nepean ON Lib Lib 28,378 45.6% 11,502 18.5% 72.6% 28,378 16,876 11,646 3,894 839 71 502 62,206
Ottawa—Vanier ON Lib Lib 32,679 51.2% 19,163 30.0% 71.0% 32,679 11,118 13,516 4,796 1,064 305 403 63,881
Oxford ON Con Con 29,310 48.1% 17,004 27.9% 66.2% 11,745 29,310 12,306 4,770 1,774 986 60,891
Parkdale—High Park ON Lib Lib 28,852 47.4% 9,672 15.9% 74.0% 28,852 8,015 19,180 3,916 643 281 60,887
Parry Sound—Muskoka ON Con Con 22,845 41.8% 6,230 11.4% 66.4% 16,615 22,845 6,417 8,409 377 54,663
Perth—Wellington ON Con Con 25,622 46.3% 10,620 19.2% 67.3% 15,002 25,622 8,094 4,949 894 733 55,294
Peterborough—Kawartha ON Lib Lib 27,400 39.3% 3,043 4.4% 70.5% 27,400 24,357 11,872 4,930 890 180 172 69,801
Pickering—Uxbridge ON Lib Lib 32,387 51.0% 13,925 21.9% 68.9% 32,387 18,462 7,582 3,799 1,265 63,495
Renfrew—Nipissing—Pembroke ON Con Con 31,080 52.7% 19,548 33.2% 69.1% 11,532 31,080 8,786 3,230 1,463 2,242 624 58,957
Richmond Hill ON Lib Lib 21,804 43.5% 212 0.4% 59.9% 21,804 21,592 4,425 1,695 507 126 50,149
Sarnia—Lambton ON Con Con 28,623 49.4% 15,979 27.6% 68.7% 12,041 28,623 12,644 2,490 1,587 531 57,916
Sault Ste. Marie ON Lib Lib 16,284 39.1% 2,877 6.9% 63.5% 16,284 13,407 9,459 1,809 741 41,700
Scarborough Centre ON Lib Lib 25,695 55.2% 15,308 32.9% 62.4% 25,695 10,387 5,452 1,336 1,162 2,524 46,556
Scarborough North ON Lib Lib 20,911 53.4% 9,073 23.2% 59.7% 20,911 11,838 5,039 796 370 83 39,037
Scarborough Southwest ON Lib Lib 28,965 57.2% 18,463 36.5% 65.3% 28,965 10,502 7,865 2,477 590 236 50,635
Scarborough—Agincourt ON Lib Lib 21,115 50.5% 5,623 13.4% 59.3% 21,115 15,492 3,636 1,050 521 41,814
Scarborough—Guildwood ON Lib Lib 26,123 61.1% 16,570 38.8% 63.9% 26,123 9,553 4,806 1,220 648 252 140 42,742
Scarborough—Rouge Park ON Lib Lib 31,360 62.2% 21,245 42.1% 66.4% 31,360 10,115 5,801 2,330 467 353 50,426
Simcoe North ON Con Con 27,241 43.4% 7,931 12.6% 65.0% 19,310 27,241 8,850 5,882 1,154 341 62,778
Simcoe—Grey ON Con Con 32,812 43.5% 8,887 11.8% 66.0% 23,925 32,812 8,462 8,589 1,416 305 75,509
Spadina—Fort York ON Lib Lib 33,822 55.8% 21,634 35.7% 67.7% 33,822 10,680 12,188 3,174 672 114 60,650
St. Catharines ON Lib Lib 24,183 40.2% 5,205 8.7% 67.0% 24,183 18,978 12,431 3,695 826 60,113
Stormont—Dundas—South Glengarry ON Con Con 28,976 53.9% 15,209 28.3% 64.0% 13,767 28,976 7,674 2,126 1,168 53,711
Sudbury ON Lib Lib 19,643 40.9% 5,758 12.0% 65.2% 19,643 9,864 13,885 3,225 873 205 282 47,977
Thornhill ON Con Con 29,187 54.6% 10,241 19.1% 63.8% 18,946 29,187 3,469 1,600 294 53,496
Thunder Bay—Rainy River ON Lib Lib 14,498 35.3% 2,459 6.0% 63.0% 14,498 12,039 11,944 1,829 741 41,051
Thunder Bay—Superior North ON Lib Lib 18,502 42.9% 7,466 17.3% 66.1% 18,502 11,036 9,126 3,639 734 140 43,177
Timmins—James Bay ON NDP NDP 14,885 40.5% 4,978 13.5% 58.6% 9,443 9,907 14,885 1,257 1,248 36,740
Toronto Centre ON Lib Lib 31,271 57.4% 19,129 35.1% 68.5% 31,271 6,613 12,142 3,852 126 508 54,512
Toronto—Danforth ON Lib Lib 27,681 47.7% 8,398 14.5% 71.9% 27,681 6,091 19,283 3,761 621 210 412 58,059
Toronto—St. Paul's ON Lib Lib 32,494 54.3% 19,561 32.7% 71.6% 32,494 12,933 9,442 4,042 923 59,834
University—Rosedale ON Lib Lib 29,652 51.7% 17,079 29.8% 71.6% 29,652 9,342 12,573 4,861 510 453 57,391
Vaughan—Woodbridge ON Lib Lib 25,810 51.3% 7,521 14.9% 63.7% 25,810 18,289 3,910 1,302 852 165 50,328
Waterloo ON Lib Lib 31,085 48.8% 15,470 24.3% 74.8% 31,085 15,615 9,710 6,184 1,112 63,706
Wellington—Halton Hills ON Con Con 33,044 47.4% 13,267 19.0% 70.8% 19,777 33,044 6,499 8,851 1,509 69,680
Whitby ON Lib Lib 30,182 43.7% 5,618 8.1% 70.8% 30,182 24,564 9,760 3,735 860 69,101
Willowdale ON Lib Lib 22,282 49.0% 5,830 12.8% 58.2% 22,282 16,452 4,231 1,671 563 271 45,470
Windsor West ON NDP NDP 20,800 40.0% 1,922 3.7% 56.0% 18,878 9,925 20,800 1,325 958 76 51,962
Windsor—Tecumseh ON NDP Lib 19,046 33.4% 629 1.1% 60.5% 19,046 15,851 18,417 2,177 1,279 187 56,957
York Centre ON Lib Lib 21,680 50.2% 5,828 13.5% 62.5% 21,680 15,852 4,251 1,403 43,186
York South—Weston ON Lib Lib 25,976 58.4% 17,561 39.5% 57.8% 25,976 8,415 7,754 1,633 685 44,463
York—Simcoe ON Con Con 24,918 46.3% 10,511 19.5% 60.7% 14,407 24,918 7,620 4,650 875 1,311 53,781
Cardigan PE Lib Lib 10,939 49.3% 4,500 20.3% 75.5% 10,939 6,439 1,481 3,068 240 22,167
Charlottetown PE Lib Lib 8,812 44.3% 4,164 20.9% 73.4% 8,812 4,040 2,238 4,648 172 19,910
Egmont PE Lib Lib 8,016 39.7% 1,082 5.4% 72.0% 8,016 6,934 1,230 3,998 20,178
Malpeque PE Lib Lib 9,533 41.4% 3,430 14.9% 77.1% 9,533 5,908 1,495 6,103 23,039
Abitibi—Baie-James—Nunavik—Eeyou QC NDP BQ 11,432 36.1% 2,469 7.8% 50.2% 8,963 5,240 4,104 11,432 1,151 379 387 31,656
Abitibi—Témiscamingue QC NDP BQ 22,803 45.5% 10,386 20.7% 62.2% 12,417 7,537 5,093 22,803 1,818 487 50,155
Ahuntsic-Cartierville QC Lib Lib 28,904 52.4% 16,930 30.7% 67.5% 28,904 4,013 6,284 11,974 3,352 584 55,111
Alfred-Pellan QC Lib Lib 26,015 47.9% 10,466 19.3% 69.9% 26,015 5,917 4,109 15,549 1,958 471 113 177 54,309
Argenteuil—La Petite-Nation QC Lib Lib 18,896 37.8% 729 1.5% 63.4% 18,896 6,044 3,758 18,167 2,411 721 49,997
Avignon—La Mitis—Matane—Matapédia QC Lib BQ 18,500 51.4% 6,312 17.5% 61.4% 12,188 2,756 1,435 18,500 699 210 180 35,968
Beauce QC Con Con 22,860 38.5% 6,064 10.2% 70.2% 6,971 22,860 1,847 8,410 1,461 16,796 1,084 59,429
Beauport—Côte-de-Beaupré—Île d’Orléans—Charlevoix QC Con BQ 18,407 36.4% 3,363 6.6% 67.5% 10,608 15,044 2,841 18,407 1,355 1,045 1,335 50,635
Beauport—Limoilou QC Con BQ 15,149 30.2% 1,964 3.9% 66.1% 13,020 13,185 5,599 15,149 2,127 1,033 78 50,191
Bécancour—Nicolet—Saurel QC BQ BQ 29,653 56.7% 20,321 38.8% 67.4% 9,332 8,434 2,732 29,653 1,697 489 52,337
Bellechasse—Les Etchemins—Lévis QC Con Con 32,283 50.1% 17,529 27.2% 69.6% 10,734 32,283 3,256 14,754 1,925 1,307 188 64,447
Beloeil—Chambly QC NDP BQ 35,068 50.5% 19,009 27.4% 73.7% 16,059 4,305 10,086 35,068 3,255 512 205 69,490
Berthier—Maskinongé QC NDP BQ 21,200 37.6% 1,502 2.7% 68.0% 7,796 5,812 19,698 21,200 1,008 428 154 261 56,354
Bourassa QC Lib Lib 23,231 57.6% 14,188 35.2% 59.1% 23,231 2,899 3,204 9,043 1,343 347 212 72 40,351
Brome—Missisquoi QC Lib Lib 23,450 38.2% 2,298 3.7% 70.1% 23,450 7,697 4,887 21,152 3,302 456 497 61,441
Brossard—Saint-Lambert QC Lib Lib 30,537 53.9% 19,406 34.3% 68.7% 30,537 6,112 5,410 11,131 2,935 527 56,652
Charlesbourg—Haute-Saint-Charles QC Con Con 22,484 38.0% 6,431 10.8% 70.3% 12,584 22,484 4,554 16,053 2,042 1,379 59,096
Châteauguay—Lacolle QC Lib Lib 20,118 38.4% 639 1.2% 68.4% 20,118 5,851 4,005 19,479 1,929 563 457 52,402
Chicoutimi—Le Fjord QC Lib Con 16,155 36.8% 834 1.9% 68.3% 7,504 16,155 2,855 15,321 1,388 359 299 43,881
Compton—Stanstead QC Lib Lib 21,731 37.3% 3,160 5.4% 70.2% 21,731 8,446 5,607 18,571 3,044 586 252 58,237
Dorval—Lachine—LaSalle QC Lib Lib 27,821 52.9% 18,847 35.8% 62.5% 27,821 5,543 6,207 8,974 2,898 528 603 52,574
Drummond QC NDP BQ 24,574 44.8% 15,022 27.4% 66.7% 9,552 9,083 8,716 24,574 1,856 525 518 54,824
Gaspésie—Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine QC Lib Lib 16,296 42.5% 637 1.7% 60.5% 16,296 3,022 1,722 15,659 1,130 198 353 38,380
Gatineau QC Lib Lib 29,084 52.1% 17,158 30.8% 67.0% 29,084 5,745 6,128 11,926 2,264 560 76 55,783
Hochelaga QC NDP Lib 18,008 34.0% 328 0.6% 65.4% 18,008 2,381 11,451 17,680 2,618 377 522 53,037
Honoré-Mercier QC Lib Lib 29,543 58.7% 19,564 38.8% 65.4% 29,543 4,808 4,130 9,979 1,373 459 71 50,363
Hull—Aylmer QC Lib Lib 29,732 54.1% 21,721 39.5% 70.4% 29,732 4,979 7,467 8,011 3,869 638 297 54,993
Joliette QC BQ BQ 33,590 58.2% 20,595 35.7% 66.3% 12,995 5,176 2,623 33,590 2,343 498 474 57,699
Jonquière QC NDP BQ 17,577 35.6% 5,436 11.0% 69.3% 7,849 10,338 12,141 17,577 1,009 453 49,367
La Pointe-de-l'Île QC BQ BQ 26,010 46.8% 9,112 16.4% 66.2% 16,898 3,984 6,057 26,010 1,910 388 287 55,534
La Prairie QC Lib BQ 25,707 41.8% 3,203 5.2% 72.0% 22,504 5,540 4,744 25,707 2,565 393 100 61,553
Lac-Saint-Jean QC Con BQ 23,839 44.0% 10,206 18.8% 65.6% 13,633 12,544 2,753 23,839 1,010 448 54,227
Lac-Saint-Louis QC Lib Lib 34,622 58.2% 25,539 42.9% 71.6% 34,622 9,083 7,263 3,169 4,176 805 407 59,525
LaSalle—Émard—Verdun QC Lib Lib 22,803 43.5% 10,184 19.4% 64.7% 22,803 3,690 8,628 12,619 3,583 490 274 304 52,391
Laurentides—Labelle QC Lib BQ 30,625 46.8% 8,970 13.7% 66.2% 21,655 4,983 4,122 30,625 3,157 418 174 272 65,406
Laurier—Sainte-Marie QC NDP Lib 22,306 41.8% 8,853 16.6% 65.4% 22,306 1,502 13,453 12,188 3,225 320 42 373 53,409
Laval—Les Îles QC Lib Lib 26,031 48.2% 14,911 27.6% 65.8% 26,031 8,816 4,803 11,120 2,306 885 53,961
Lévis—Lotbinière QC Con Con 28,297 44.6% 12,376 19.5% 72.4% 10,761 28,297 4,355 15,921 1,908 2,247 63,489
Longueuil—Charles-LeMoyne QC Lib Lib 20,114 39.0% 1,320 2.6% 62.8% 20,114 3,811 5,289 18,794 2,978 558 51,544
Longueuil—Saint-Hubert QC NDP BQ 23,061 38.5% 2,590 4.3% 69.9% 20,471 3,779 5,104 23,061 6,745 467 217 59,844
Louis-Hébert QC Lib Lib 25,140 40.5% 7,765 12.5% 76.6% 25,140 10,912 4,884 17,375 2,466 1,016 267 62,060
Louis-Saint-Laurent QC Con Con 29,279 44.7% 14,605 22.3% 70.7% 13,571 29,279 4,339 14,674 2,155 1,543 65,561
Manicouagan QC BQ BQ 21,768 53.9% 13,975 34.6% 53.8% 7,793 7,771 1,482 21,768 1,293 283 40,390
Marc-Aurèle-Fortin QC Lib Lib 24,865 44.5% 6,796 12.2% 72.4% 24,865 5,423 4,741 18,069 2,111 465 143 55,817
Mégantic—L'Érable QC Con Con 23,392 49.2% 11,143 23.5% 68.5% 7,388 23,392 1,936 12,249 1,258 812 217 256 47,508
Mirabel QC BQ BQ 33,219 51.1% 17,057 26.2% 68.7% 16,162 5,940 5,219 33,219 3,517 641 332 65,030
Montarville QC Lib BQ 25,366 42.8% 4,305 7.3% 77.8% 21,061 4,138 4,984 25,366 2,967 501 211 59,228
Montcalm QC BQ BQ 31,791 58.0% 20,591 37.6% 63.4% 11,200 4,942 3,514 31,791 2,416 524 419 54,806
Montmagny—L'Islet—Kamouraska—Rivière-du-Loup QC Con Con 20,989 41.7% 4,728 9.4% 65.7% 8,210 20,989 3,481 16,261 1,030 417 50,388
Mount Royal QC Lib Lib 24,590 56.3% 13,703 31.4% 60.5% 24,590 10,887 3,609 1,757 2,389 362 85 43,679
Notre-Dame-de-Grâce—Westmount QC Lib Lib 28,323 56.3% 20,570 40.9% 66.4% 28,323 5,759 7,753 2,359 5,397 565 98 67 50,321
Outremont QC NDP Lib 19,148 46.2% 10,829 26.1% 62.2% 19,148 2,707 8,319 5,741 5,018 369 155 41,457
Papineau QC Lib Lib 25,957 51.1% 16,209 31.9% 65.5% 25,957 2,155 9,748 8,124 3,741 322 185 549 50,781
Pierre-Boucher—Les Patriotes—Verchères QC BQ BQ 31,009 51.0% 13,676 22.5% 76.3% 17,333 4,910 4,192 31,009 2,955 384 60,783
Pierrefonds—Dollard QC Lib Lib 31,305 56.4% 21,508 38.8% 67.4% 31,305 9,797 5,687 4,469 2,866 711 636 55,471
Pontiac QC Lib Lib 30,217 48.9% 19,801 32.0% 68.2% 30,217 10,416 6,503 9,929 3,762 775 245 61,847
Portneuf—Jacques-Cartier QC Con Con 28,110 43.5% 12,403 19.2% 70.9% 12,876 28,110 3,758 15,707 2,308 1,915 64,674
Québec QC Lib Lib 18,047 33.3% 325 0.6% 70.0% 18,047 8,118 6,220 17,722 2,949 674 468 54,198
Repentigny QC BQ BQ 34,837 53.2% 16,726 25.6% 72.2% 18,111 4,878 4,470 34,837 2,289 524 347 65,456
Richmond—Arthabaska QC Con Con 26,553 45.3% 10,014 17.1% 68.8% 8,868 26,553 2,864 16,539 3,133 681 58,638
Rimouski-Neigette—Témiscouata—Les Basques QC NDP BQ 17,314 37.8% 4,264 9.3% 66.5% 10,095 4,073 13,050 17,314 824 232 179 45,767
Rivière-des-Mille-Îles QC Lib BQ 23,629 40.6% 2,620 4.5% 72.1% 21,009 4,684 5,002 23,629 3,015 845 58,184
Rivière-du-Nord QC BQ BQ 31,281 52.0% 17,879 29.7% 64.0% 13,402 7,120 4,194 31,281 3,345 407 127 225 60,101
Rosemont—La Petite-Patrie QC NDP NDP 25,575 42.5% 10,999 18.3% 71.4% 14,576 1,405 25,575 14,306 3,539 293 512 60,206
Saint-Hyacinthe—Bagot QC NDP BQ 23,143 41.4% 11,240 20.1% 70.1% 11,903 8,062 10,297 23,143 2,031 478 55,914
Saint-Jean QC Lib BQ 27,750 44.8% 8,844 14.3% 69.3% 18,906 6,612 4,794 27,750 3,127 397 289 61,875
Saint-Laurent QC Lib Lib 23,527 58.6% 16,522 41.2% 60.0% 23,527 7,005 4,065 2,845 2,150 484 71 40,147
Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel QC Lib Lib 27,866 61.3% 22,443 49.4% 60.4% 27,866 5,423 2,964 4,351 1,183 501 3,061 85 45,434
Saint-Maurice—Champlain QC Lib Lib 23,104 39.6% 3,154 5.4% 65.2% 23,104 9,542 3,071 19,950 1,809 938 58,414
Salaberry—Suroît QC NDP BQ 29,975 47.7% 11,293 18.0% 67.0% 18,682 6,116 5,024 29,975 1,997 767 342 62,903
Shefford QC Lib BQ 23,503 38.6% 898 1.5% 68.4% 22,605 7,495 3,705 23,503 2,814 497 294 60,913
Sherbrooke QC NDP Lib 17,490 29.3% 609 1.0% 68.3% 17,490 6,362 16,881 15,470 2,716 588 219 59,726
Terrebonne QC BQ BQ 31,029 50.6% 13,035 21.3% 70.5% 17,944 4,640 4,627 31,029 2,277 399 159 260 61,335
Thérèse-De Blainville QC Lib BQ 24,486 41.8% 3,498 6.0% 72.1% 20,988 5,264 4,431 24,486 2,710 366 89 215 58,549
Trois-Rivières QC NDP BQ 17,240 28.5% 1,466 2.4% 66.7% 15,774 15,240 10,090 17,240 1,492 565 137 60,538
Vaudreuil—Soulanges QC Lib Lib 32,254 47.3% 15,654 23.0% 72.4% 32,254 7,804 7,368 16,600 3,405 711 68,142
Ville-Marie—Le Sud-Ouest—Île-des-Sœurs QC Lib Lib 28,087 53.5% 19,813 37.7% 60.3% 28,087 4,609 8,274 6,899 3,718 520 230 185 52,522
Vimy QC Lib Lib 26,490 47.7% 11,035 19.9% 64.3% 26,490 5,951 4,779 15,455 2,125 733 55,533
Battlefords—Lloydminster SK Con Con 28,030 78.3% 23,932 66.8% 70.7% 2,426 28,030 4,098 605 662 35,821
Carlton Trail—Eagle Creek SK Con Con 35,313 78.6% 29,778 66.2% 78.5% 2,085 35,313 5,535 873 799 344 44,949
Cypress Hills—Grasslands SK Con Con 31,140 81.1% 27,474 71.5% 77.2% 1,595 31,140 3,666 719 1,075 220 38,415
Desnethé—Missinippi—Churchill River SK NDP Con 11,531 42.3% 3,790 13.9% 59.8% 7,225 11,531 7,741 543 217 27,257
Moose Jaw—Lake Centre—Lanigan SK Con Con 31,993 71.1% 24,333 54.1% 76.9% 2,517 31,993 7,660 1,201 1,613 44,984
Prince Albert SK Con Con 26,891 67.7% 19,996 50.3% 69.8% 4,107 26,891 6,925 839 778 170 39,710
Regina—Lewvan SK NDP Con 27,088 52.5% 12,321 23.9% 75.9% 6,826 27,088 14,767 2,099 573 201 60 51,614
Regina—Qu'Appelle SK Con Con 24,463 63.1% 16,778 43.3% 70.7% 4,543 24,463 7,685 1,282 513 78 191 38,755
Regina—Wascana SK Lib Con 22,418 49.4% 7,176 15.8% 76.3% 15,242 22,418 5,801 1,316 450 128 45,355
Saskatoon West SK Con Con 18,597 47.7% 2,889 7.4% 64.7% 2,863 18,597 15,708 1,042 775 38,985
Saskatoon—Grasswood SK Con Con 26,336 53.3% 13,664 27.6% 77.6% 8,419 26,336 12,672 1,320 692 49,439
Saskatoon—University SK NDP Con 24,514 52.1% 10,520 22.4% 77.3% 6,146 24,514 13,994 1,401 667 305 47,027
Souris—Moose Mountain SK Con Con 35,067 84.4% 31,853 76.7% 80.2% 1,718 35,067 3,214 681 702 168 41,550
Yorkton—Melville SK Con Con 29,523 76.2% 24,776 63.9% 74.0% 2,488 29,523 4,747 1,070 941 38,769
Northwest Territories Terr Lib Lib 6,467 39.7% 2,310 14.2% 54.3% 6,467 4,157 3,640 1,731 296 16,291
Nunavut Terr Lib NDP 3,861 40.8% 943 10.0% 51.1% 2,918 2,469 3,861 206 9,454
Yukon Terr Lib Lib 7,034 33.5% 153 0.7% 73.2% 7,034 6,881 4,617 2,201 284 21,017
  1. ^ "October 21, 2019 Federal Election: Election Results by Electoral District". elections.ca. Retrieved November 4, 2019.
  2. ^ including spoilt ballots
  3. ^ minor political parties receiving less than 1% of the national popular vote are aggregated under "Other"; independent candidates are aggregated separately

Results overview[edit]

Summary analysis[edit]

157 121 32 24 3 1
Liberal Conservative BQ NDP G I
Party Votes Seats
Liberal 6,018,728
33.1%
Decrease 6.4pp
157 / 338 (46%)
Decrease 27
Conservative 6,239,227
34.3%
Increase 3pp
121 / 338 (36%)
Increase 22
Bloc Québécois 1,384,030
7.6%
Increase 3pp
32 / 338 (9%)
Increase 22
New Democratic 2,903,722
16.0%
Decrease 3.8pp
24 / 338 (7%)
Decrease 20
Green 1,189,607
6.5%
Increase 3.0pp
3 / 338 (0.9%)
Increase 1
Independent 75,836
0.4%
Increase 0.1pp
1 / 338 (0.3%)
Increase 1

Seats, of total, by party

  Liberal (46.4%)
  Conservative (35.8%)
  NDP (7.1%)
  Bloc Québécois (9.5%)
  Green (0.9%)

Votes, of total, by party

  Liberal (33.1%)
  Conservative (34.4%)
  NDP (15.9%)
  Bloc Québécois (7.7%)
  Green (6.5%)
  People's (1.7%)
Popular vote
Conservative
34.34%
Liberal
33.12%
NDP
15.98%
Bloc Québécois
7.63%
Green
6.55%
Others
2.38%
Seat totals
Liberal
46.45%
Conservative
35.80%
Bloc Québécois
9.47%
NDP
7.10%
Green
0.89%
Independents
0.30%

Change in popular vote[edit]

Change in popular vote by party (2019 vs 2015)
Party 2019 2015 Change (pp)
 Liberal
33.12%
39.47%
-6.35
 
 Conservative
34.34%
31.91%
2.43 2.43
 
 Bloc Québécois
7.63%
4.67%
2.96 2.96
 
 New Democratic
15.98%
19.73%
-3.75
 
 Green
6.55%
3.43%
3.12 3.12
 
 People's
1.64%
New 1.64 1.64
 
 Other
0.67%
0.79%
-0.12
 

Results by province[edit]

Distribution of seats and popular vote %, by party by province/territory (2019)
Party name BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL YT NT NU Total
  Liberal Seats: 11 4 79 35 6 10 4 6 1 1 157
Vote: 26.2 13.8 11.7 26.5 41.6 34.3 37.5 41.4 43.7 44.9 33.5 39.7 30.9 33.1
  Conservative Seats: 17 33 14 7 36 10 3 1 121
Vote: 34.0 69.0 64.0 45.2 33.1 16.0 32.8 25.7 27.3 27.9 32.7 25.5 26.1 34.3
  NDP Seats: 11 1 3 6 1 1 1 24
Vote: 24.4 11.6 19.6 20.8 16.8 10.8 9.4 18.9 7.6 23.7 22.0 22.3 40.8 16.0
  Bloc Québécois Seats: 32 32
Vote: 32.4 7.6
  Green Seats: 2 1 3
Vote: 12.5 2.8 2.6 5.1 6.2 4.5 17.2 11.0 20.9 3.1 10.5 10.6 2.2 6.5
  People's Seats:
Vote: 1.7 2.2 1.8 1.7 1.6 1.5 2.0 1.2 0.1 1.4 1.8 1.6
  Independents and others Seats: 1 1
Vote: 0.9 0.8 0.2 0.6 0.2 0.1 0.1 0.3 0.2
Seats: 42 34 14 14 121 78 10 11 4 7 1 1 1 338
Proportion of seats won in each province/territory, by party (2019)
Province Liberal Conservative NDP Bloc Green
Ontario
79 / 121
36 / 121
6 / 121
N/A
0 / 121
Quebec
35 / 78
10 / 78
1 / 78
32 / 78
0 / 78
Nova Scotia
10 / 11
1 / 11
0 / 11
N/A
0 / 11
New Brunswick
6 / 10
3 / 10
0 / 10
N/A
1 / 10
Manitoba
4 / 14
7 / 14
3 / 14
N/A
0 / 14
British Columbia
11 / 42
17 / 42
11 / 42
N/A
2 / 42
Prince Edward Island
4 / 4
0 / 4
0 / 4
N/A
0 / 4
Saskatchewan
0 / 14
14 / 14
0 / 14
N/A
0 / 14
Alberta
0 / 34
33 / 34
1 / 34
N/A
0 / 34
Newfoundland and Labrador
6 / 7
0 / 7
1 / 7
N/A
0 / 7
Northern Canada
2 / 3
0 / 3
1 / 3
N/A
0 / 3
Total
157 / 338
121 / 338
24 / 338
32 / 338
3 / 338

Canadian Federal Election Cartogram 2019.svg

Seats won and lost by party[edit]

Elections to the 43rd Parliament of Canada – seats won/lost by party, 2015–2019
Party 2015 Gain from (loss to) 2019
Lib Con NDP BQ Grn Ind
Liberal 184 2 (21) 5 (3) (8) (1) (1) 157
Conservative 99 21 (2) 6 (3) 121
New Democratic 44 3 (5) (6) (11) (1) 24
Bloc Québécois 10 8 3 11 32
Green 1 1 1 3
Independent 1 1
Total 338 34 (7) 5 (27) 23 (3) (22) (2) (1) 338

The following 62 seats (representing 18.34 percent of seats in the House of Commons) changed allegiance from the 2015 election:

The remaining 276 seats were held by whichever party won them in 2015.

Swing analysis within the largest provinces[edit]

Results in BC (2019 vs 2015)
Party Seats Votes
2015 Gained Lost 2019 Total % Change (%)
Conservative 10 7 17 799,239 34.1 +4.1
Liberal 17 -6 11 612,098 26.1 -9.1
New Democratic 14 -3 11 572,063 24.4 -1.5
Green 1 1 2 290,629 12.4 +4.2
People's 39,549 1.7 New
Independent and other 1 1 30,182 1.3 +0.6
Total 42 2,343,760 Turnout 65.0%
Liberal to Conservative swing 6.6%
Liberal to Green swing 6.6%
Results in Alberta (2019 vs 2015)
Party Seats Votes
2015 Gained Lost 2019 Total % Change (%)
Conservative 29 4 33 1,413,360 69.2 +9.7
Liberal 4 -4 280,309 13.7 -10.9
New Democratic 1 1 235,013 11.5 -0.1
Green 57,468 2.8 +0.3
Independent and other 9,476 0.6 -1.2
Total 34 2,041,445 Turnout 68.5%
Liberal to Conservative swing 10.3%
Results in Saskatchewan (2019 vs 2015)
Party Seats Votes
2015 Gained Lost 2019 Total % Change (%)
Conservative 10 4 14 366,611 64.3 +15.8
New Democratic 3 -3 111,379 19.5 -5.6
Liberal 1 -1 66,031 11.6 -12.3
Green 14,417 2.5 +0.4
People's 10,211 1.8 New
Independent and other 1,856 0.3 -0.1
Total 14 570,505 Turnout 71.7%
Liberal to Conservative swing 14.0%
Results in Manitoba (2019 vs 2015)
Party Seats Votes
2015 Gained Lost 2019 Total % Change (%)
Conservative 5 2 7 264,071 45.4 +8.1
Liberal 7 -3 4 152,803 26.3 -18.3
New Democratic 2 1 3 120,533 20.7 +6.9
Green 29,768 5.1 +1.9
People's 10,021 1.7 New
Independent and other 3,840 0.8 -0.3
Total 14 581,036 Turnout 63.8%
Liberal to Conservative swing 13.2%
Results in Ontario (2019 vs 2015)
Party Seats Votes
2015 Gained Lost 2019 Total % Change (%)
Liberal 80 2 -3 79 2,814,010 41.5 -3.3
Conservative 33 3 36 2,252,238 33.2 -1.8
New Democratic 8 -2 6 1,138,735 16.8 +0.2
Green 420,397 6.2 +3.3
People's 107,673 1.6 New
Independent and other 53,989 0.7
Total 121 6,787,042 Turnout 65.3%
Liberal to Green swing 3.3%
Results in Quebec (2019 vs 2015)
Party Seats Votes
2015 Gained Lost 2019 Total % Change (%)
Liberal 40 1 -6 35 1,447,712 34.2 -1.5
Bloc Québécois 10 22 32 1,376,135 32.5 +13.2
Conservative 12 1 -3 10 677,283 16.0 -0.7
New Democratic 16 -15 1 454,550 10.7 -14.7
Green 188,347 4.4 +2.1
People's 63,203 1.5 New
Independent and other 23,408 0.1 +0.1
Total 78 4,230,638 Turnout 65.5%
NDP to Bloc Québécois swing 13.9%

Voter demographics[edit]

Per Ipsos[edit]

Ipsos 2019 election day poll[10]
Social group Liberal Conservative NDP Bloc Green PPC Other
Actual results
Total vote 33 34 16 8 6 2 1
Gender
Male 32 36 14 7 6 4 1
Female 31 31 22 7 7 2 1
Age
18–34 31 31 26 4 7 5 1
35–54 31 33 19 7 7 2 1
55+ 32 39 12 9 5 2 1

Per Leger[edit]

Leger post-election poll (2019)[11]
Social group Liberal Conservative NDP Bloc Green PPC Other
Actual results
Total vote 33 34 16 8 6 2 1
Gender
Male 31 37 15 8 6 2 1
Female 35 31 17 7 8 1 1
Age
18–34 30 29 24 6 9 1 1
35–54 32 37 15 5 6 2 2
55+ 35 35 12 10 6 2 0

Per Abacus[edit]

Abacus post-election poll (2019)[12]
Social group Liberal Conservative NDP Bloc Green PPC Other
Actual results
Total vote 33 34 16 8 6 2 1
Age
18–29 34 23 26 N/A 9 N/A N/A
30–44 34 35 18 7 5 N/A N/A
45–59 33 36 12 8 8 N/A N/A
60+ 31 38 12 10 7 N/A N/A

Strategic voting and vote splitting[edit]

Strategic voting may have played a significant part in determining the results. A survey by Angus Reid, issued several days after the election,[13] revealed that 23% of undecided voters did not make up their mind until election day. Of that number, 52% voted for the candidate and party they liked, while 48% voted based on who they disliked the least.[14] Of all undecided voters, 45% cast their vote for the Liberals, while 25% supported the Conservatives.[14] NDP voters were the least likely group to have made up their mind early on in the campaign.[14] An Ipsos-Reid exit poll conducted on election day[10] found that 26% of all voters made their choice as to ensure which party did not win, and the Liberals were the main beneficiary of such activity.[14]

Vote splitting skewed the results in many ridings. Such activity mainly benefited the Conservatives in Ontario and Metro Vancouver, the Liberals in Quebec and the Maritimes, and the NDP in BC and Ontario outside the GTA, while the Bloc benefited from multiple splits in the federalist parties.[15] The seats affected (where 2nd and 3rd place votes combined were greater than what the 1st place candidate received) are summarized thus:

Effect of vote splitting, by province (2019)[15]
Parties Province/territory Totals
1st 2nd 3rd BC AB SK MB ON QC NB NS PE NL NU
 Liberal  Bloc Québécois  Conservative 8 8 21
 Liberal  Bloc Québécois  New Democratic 4 4
 Liberal  Conservative  Green 1 2 1 1 1 6
 Liberal  Conservative  Independent 1 1
 Liberal  Green  Conservative 1 1
 Liberal  New Democratic  Green 1 1
 Conservative  Bloc Québécois  Liberal 4 4 32
 Conservative  Liberal  New Democratic 6 1 1 2 15 25
 Conservative  Liberal  Green 1 1 2
 Conservative  People's  Bloc Québécois 1 1
 Bloc Québécois  Conservative  Liberal 2 2 13
 Bloc Québécois  Liberal  Conservative 5 5
 Bloc Québécois  Liberal  Green 1 1
 Bloc Québécois  Liberal  New Democratic 3 3
 Bloc Québécois  New Democratic  Liberal 2 2
 New Democratic  Conservative  Green 4 4 19
 New Democratic  Conservative  Liberal 3 1 1 2 7
 New Democratic  Liberal  Bloc Québécois 1 1
 New Democratic  Liberal  Conservative 1 3 1 1 6
 New Democratic  Liberal  Green 1 1
 Green  Liberal  Conservative 1 1 1
 Independent  Conservative  Liberal 1 1 1
Total 16 2 1 4 23 31 3 3 2 1 1 87

Closest victories and greatest landslides[edit]

10 closest races by vote count (2019)[16]
Electoral district 1st-place candidate 2nd-place candidate Margin
Port Moody—Coquitlam BC Nelly Shin Bonita Zarrillo 153
Yukon YK Larry Bagnell Jonas Smith 153
Richmond Hill ON Majid Jowhari Costas Menegakis 212
Québec QC Jean-Yves Duclos Christiane Gagnon 325
Hochelaga QC Soraya Martinez Ferrada Simon Marchand 328
Kitchener—Conestoga ON Tim Louis Harold Albrecht 365
Miramichi—Grand Lake NB Pat Finnigan Peggy McLean 370
Coquitlam—Port Coquitlam BC Ron McKinnon Nicholas Insley 390
Cumberland—Colchester NS Lenore Zann Scott Armstrong 453
Sherbrooke QC Élisabeth Brière Pierre-Luc Dusseault 609
20 narrowest margins of victory (2019)[17]
Rank Riding 1st place 2nd place Margin (pp)
1 Port Moody—Coquitlam BC  Conservative  New Democratic 0.3
2 Richmond Hill ON  Liberal  Conservative 0.4
3 Québec QC  Liberal  Bloc Québécois 0.6
4 Hochelaga QC  Liberal  Bloc Québécois 0.6
5 Kitchener—Conestoga ON  Liberal  Conservative 0.7
6 Coquitlam—Port Coquitlam BC  Liberal  Conservative 0.7
7 Yukon YK  Liberal  Conservative 0.8
8 Cumberland—Colchester NS  Liberal  Conservative 1.0
9 Sherbrooke QC  Liberal  New Democratic 1.1
10 Windsor—Tecumseh ON  Liberal  New Democratic 1.1
11 Chicoutimi—Le Fjord QC  Conservative  Bloc Québécois 1.1
12 Miramichi—Grand Lake NB  Liberal  Conservative 1.1
13 South Okanagan—West Kootenay BC  New Democratic  Conservative 1.2
14 Châteauguay—Lacolle QC  Liberal  Bloc Québécois 1.2
15 Argenteuil—La Petite-Nation QC  Liberal  Bloc Québécois 1.3
16 Shefford QC  Bloc Québécois  Liberal 1.6
17 Gaspésie—Les Îles-de-la-Madeleine QC  Liberal  Bloc Québécois 1.7
18 King—Vaughan ON  Liberal  Conservative 1.8
19 Aurora—Oak Ridges—Richmond Hill ON  Conservative  Liberal 2.0
20 Bay of Quinte ON  Liberal  Conservative 2.4
20 widest margins of victory (2019)[17]
Rank Riding 1st place 2nd place Margin (pp)
1 Battle River—Crowfoot AB  Conservative  New Democratic 80.5
2 Bow River AB  Conservative  New Democratic 78.4
3 Lakeland AB  Conservative  New Democratic 77.6
4 Grande Prairie—Mackenzie AB  Conservative  New Democratic 77.2
5 Souris—Moose Mountain SK  Conservative  New Democratic 76.7
6 Foothills AB  Conservative  Liberal 76.4
7 Yellowhead AB  Conservative  New Democratic 75.4
8 Peace River—Westlock AB  Conservative  New Democratic 73.3
9 Red Deer—Mountain View AB  Conservative  New Democratic 73.2
10 Cypress Hills—Grasslands SK  Conservative  New Democratic 71.8
11 Red Deer—Lacombe AB  Conservative  New Democratic 70.9
12 Medicine Hat—Cardston—Warner AB  Conservative  New Democratic 70.6
13 Fort McMurray—Cold Lake AB  Conservative  Liberal 70.6
14 Battlefords—Lloydminster SK  Conservative  New Democratic 67.7
15 Sturgeon River—Parkland AB  Conservative  New Democratic 67.5
16 Carlton Trail—Eagle Creek SK  Conservative  New Democratic 66.6
17 Yorkton—Melville SK  Conservative  New Democratic 64.4
18 Calgary Shepard AB  Conservative  Liberal 64.2
19 Calgary Midnapore AB  Conservative  Liberal 63.5
20 Sherwood Park—Fort Saskatchewan AB  Conservative  New Democratic 61.6

Significant results among independent and minor party candidates[edit]

Those candidates not belonging to a major party, receiving more than 1,000 votes in the election, are listed below:

Significant vote tallies for independent and minor party candidates
Riding Candidate Votes Placed
Beauce QC  Rhinoceros Maxime Bernier 1,084 7th
Beauport—Côte-de-Beaupré—Île d’Orléans—Charlevoix QC  Independent Raymond Bernier 1,335 6th
Haldimand—Norfolk ON  Veterans Coalition Harold Stewart 1,083 6th
Markham—Stouffville ON  Independent Jane Philpott 13,216 3rd
Miramichi—Grand Lake NB  Independent Allison MacKenzie 1,160 6th
Niagara Falls ON  Independent Mike Strange 4,997 4th
Niagara West ON  Christian Heritage Harold Jonker 1,019 5th
Renfrew—Nipissing—Pembroke ON  Independent Dan Criger 1,125 6th
Saint John—Rothesay NB  Independent Stuart Jamieson 1,183 6th
Saint-Léonard—Saint-Michel QC  Independent Hassan Guillet 3,061 4th
Scarborough Centre ON  Independent John Cannis 2,524 4th
Skeena—Bulkley Valley BC  Christian Heritage Rod Taylor 1,343 5th
Sydney—Victoria NS  Independent Archie MacKinnon 5,679 4th
Vancouver Granville BC  Independent Jody Wilson-Raybould 16,357 1st
York—Simcoe ON  Libertarian Keith Komar 1,311 5th

Ridings won in major cities[edit]

Notes and references[edit]

Notes[edit]

  1. ^ 139 in Ontario and Quebec, and 5 in the Lower Mainland of BC.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Coyne, Andrew (October 22, 2019). "The Liberals didn't win the 2019 federal election, they just lost less than the Conservatives". National Post. Toronto.
  2. ^ Fournier, Philippe J. (October 27, 2019). "A 338Canada analysis: Where the Conservatives lost". Maclean's. Toronto.
  3. ^ Hébert, Chantal (October 25, 2019). "Election has left Conservatives in a bad place". Toronto Star.
  4. ^ Colpron, Suzanne (October 26, 2019). "Scheer a manqué de "couilles", estime Sylvie Fréchette" [Scheer lacked 'balls', figures Sylvie Fréchette]. La Presse (in French). Montreal.
  5. ^ "It's deeper than Andrew Scheer: The root of the Conservative Party's failure to launch". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. October 25, 2019.
  6. ^ Cornellier, Manon (October 26, 2019). "Reform Party 2.0?". Le Devoir (in French). Montreal.
  7. ^ Coyne, Andrew (October 31, 2019). "No point in Tories changing their leader if they don't change their message". National Post. Toronto.
  8. ^ "It's deeper than Andrew Scheer: The root of the Conservative Party's failure to launch, Part 2". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. October 29, 2019.
  9. ^ a b Grenier, Éric (October 24, 2019). "Canada's pollsters nailed the outcome of the federal election - mostly". CBC News. Toronto.
  10. ^ a b Simpson, Sean (October 22, 2019). "Election Day Poll". ipsos.com.
  11. ^ "Leger Post-Election Poll" (PDF). Leger. October 24, 2019. Retrieved October 31, 2019.
  12. ^ Coletto, David (October 24, 2019). "Federal vote by age. Liberal share was consistent across age groups, Conservative third among youth, first among seniors. From a post-election survey we conducted, Oct 22 to 24, n=1,500 #elxn43 #cdnpolipic.twitter.com/48FinTCZ4v". Twitter. Retrieved November 29, 2019.
  13. ^ "Why and when did uncommitted voters lock in? Study shows Liberals benefitted most from strategic voting". angusreid.org. October 25, 2019.
  14. ^ a b c d Abedi, Maham (October 25, 2019). "'Hold your nose and vote': How undecided Canadian voters made up their minds". Global News.
  15. ^ a b Carman, Tara (October 23, 2019). "How vote-splitting helped — and hurt — the federal parties". CBC News. Toronto.
  16. ^ Berthiaume, Lee (October 22, 2019). "Down to the wire: The 10 closest races in Monday's federal election". Canadian Press.
  17. ^ a b "Federal election 2019: Trudeau's Liberals have a minority government. What now? A guide to Oct. 21's results". The Globe and Mail. Toronto. October 23, 2019.