Resusci Anne

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Resusci Anne in a storage case
Rehearsing the use of an automated external defibrillator on a Resusci Anne

Resusci Anne, also known as Rescue Anne, Resusci Annie, CPR Annie, Resuscitation Annie, Little Annie, or CPR Doll is a model of medical simulator used for teaching both emergency workers and members of the general public. Resusci Anne was developed by the Norwegian toy maker Åsmund S. Lærdal and the Austrian-Czech physician Peter Safar and American physician James Elam,[1][2][3] and is produced by the company Laerdal Medical.

The distinctive face of Resusci Anne was based on L'Inconnue de la Seine (English: The unknown woman of Seine), the death mask of an unidentified young woman reputedly drowned in the River Seine around the late 1880s.[2][4]

In popular culture[edit]

The chorus refrain, "Annie, are you OK?" in Michael Jackson's "Smooth Criminal" was inspired by Resusci Anne. Trainees learn to say "Annie, are you OK?" while practicing resuscitation on the dummy.[5] The refrain is also referenced in Polo G's interpolation of the song "Bad Man (Smooth Criminal)".[6]


  1. ^ "Elam, James: Science Heroes". Retrieved 28 December 2014.
  2. ^ a b Jeremy Grange (16 October 2013). "Resusci Anne and L'Inconnue: The Mona Lisa of the Seine". BBC News. Retrieved 16 October 2013.
  3. ^ Mark Peck. "Annie...Annie.. Are You OK? Resusci Anne". The Virtual EMS Museum. Archived from the original on 2014-12-27. Retrieved 30 March 2018.
  4. ^ Laerdal company website: The Girl from the River Seine (accessed 22 December 2008)
  5. ^ "Michael Jackson's Bad at 25: The Movie". E! Online. December 1, 2012. Retrieved November 11, 2018.
  6. ^ "Polo G lifts from Michael Jackson in the new song "Bad Man (Smooth Criminal)"". The FADER. Retrieved 2022-01-16.