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Resuscitation is a term describing the process of correcting physiological disorders in an acutely unwell patient. It is an important part of intensive care medicine, trauma surgery and emergency medicine.


System Example causes Biomarker Treatment
Hypoperfusion (Circulatory shock) Haemorrhagic shock Hypovolemia (Hypovolemic shock) Intravascular volume status (Preload) Heart rate (Tachycardia) / Systolic blood pressure (Hypotension) / Decreased urine output Intravenous fluid / Intraosseous infusion / Blood transfusion with packed red blood cells
Cardiogenic shock Cardiac output Positive inotropic agents / Chronotropes
Distributive shock Sepsis (Septic shock) Vascular permeability Vasopressors
Neurogenic shock Total peripheral resistance
Obstructive shock Cardiac tamponade Beck's triad Pericardiocentesis/Thoracotomy with pericardial window
Tension pneumothorax Thoracentesis/Chest drain
Pulmonary embolism Thrombolysis/Embolectomy
Acid–base imbalance Acidosis pH
Gas exchange (Respiratory failure) Hypercapnia PaCO2
Hypoxia PaO2
Altered level of consciousness Coma Narcosis (Drug overdose) / Stroke (Intracranial hemorrhage) Glasgow Coma Scale
Blood sugar regulation Hyperglycemia Blood sugar
Electrolyte imbalance Hyperkalemia Serum potassium
Coagulopathy Hypocoagulability Coagulation screen Fresh frozen plasma/Cryoprecipitate/Platelets

See also[edit]