Retama monosperma

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Retama monosperma
Retama March 2015-1.jpg
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Plantae
(unranked): Angiosperms
(unranked): Eudicots
(unranked): Rosids
Order: Fabales
Family: Fabaceae
Subfamily: Faboideae
Tribe: Genisteae
Genus: Retama
Species: R. monosperma
Binomial name
Retama monosperma
(L.) Boiss.
Subspecies

R. monosperma ssp. eumonosperma

Synonyms
  • Retama rhodorhizoides Webb & Berthel
  • Lygos monosperma (L.) Heywood in Feddes Repert. 79: 53 (1968)
  • Genista monosperma (L.) Lam., Encycl. 2: 616 (1788)
  • Spartium monospermum L., Sp. Pl. 708 (1753)
  • Spartium clusii Spach in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. ser. 2 19: 290 tab. 16, fig. 3 (1843)
  • Retama webbii (Spach) Webb, Otia Hispan. ed. 2 24 (1853)
  • Spartium webbii Spach in Ann. Sci. Nat., Bot. ser. 2 19: 291 tab. 16, fig. 4 (1843)

Retama monosperma, the bridal broom[1] or bridal veil broom, is a flowering bush species in the genus Retama.

Retama monosperma forms root nodules with Sinorhizobium fredii. The larvae of the moths Phyllonorycter hesperiella and Phyllonorycter spartocytisi feed on R. monosperma.

The seeds contain cytisine, a toxic alkaloid. Fifteen other quinolizidine and three dipiperidine alkaloids can also be isolated from different parts of the plant. In particular, the presence of (+)-sparteine, α- and β-isosparteine, (+)-17-oxosparteine, (-)-lupanine, 5,6-dehydrolupanine, (-)-anagyrine, (-)-N-methylcytisine and (+)-ammodendrine can be detected.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Retama monosperma". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 20 October 2015. 
  2. ^ Alkaloids from Retama monosperma ssp. eumonosperma. Touati D, Allain P, Pellecuer J, Fkih-Tetouani S and Agoumi A, Fitoterapia, 1996, volume 67, number 1, pages 49-52, INIST:3027852

External links[edit]