History of the lineage
Historically, the Reting Rinpoche has occasionally acted as the selector of the new Dalai Lama incarnation. It is for this reason that most observers believe the Chinese government has tried to install a sympathetic figure in the position.
List of Reting Rinpoches
- Ngawang Chokden (1677–1751)
- Lobsang Yeshe Tenpa Rabgye (1759–1815)
- Ngawang Yeshe Tsultrim Gyaltsen (1816–1863)
- Ngawang Lobsang Yeshe Tenpai Gyaltsen (?)
- Jamphel Yeshe Gyaltsen (1912–1947)
- Tenzin Jigme Thutob Wangchuk (1948–1997)
Regency of the Fifth Reting Rinpoche
The fifth Reting Rinpoche, Thubten Jamphel Yeshe Gyaltsen (1911–1947; Tibetan: ཐུབ་བསྟན་འཇམ་དཔལ་ཡེ་ཤེས་རྒྱལ་མཚན་, Wylie: thub-bstan 'jam-dpal ye-shes rgyal-mtshan), played a significant role in Tibetan history as the one-time regent of the present Dalai Lama. He was replaced in 1941 and subsequently is alleged to have organized an uprising against his replacement. He died in 1947 in the prisons of Lhasa's Potala, apparently the victim of poisoning. A jailor also allegedly reported that his testicles were bound and beaten until he died of the pain. Melvyn C. Goldstein report words from Tsepon W. D. Shakabpa who said many people said so, but an investigation was carried out by the Tibetan Assembly to check Reting's body. Shakabpa was member of the committee that also included Tsarong, Khenchen Lobsang Tashi, Gyetakba, as well as representatives from Reting and Sera Monasteries. Tsarong declared to the Assembly there was no evidence that Reting was strangled, there was no wound or anything.
The episode exposed a number of the political dimensions of the religious hierarchy in Lhasa. Critics of the fifth Reting Rinpoche accused him of widespread corruption, and involvement with married women as a monk. Defenders alleged that his imprisonment was partly the result of his attraction to the teachings of the Nyingma lineage, a politically sensitive orientation, and that the case against him had been fabricated by the cabinet minister Kapshopa.
His time as regent, imprisonment and death feature significantly in Martin Scorsese's 1997 film Kundun.
Sixth and seventh Reting Rinpoche
Tenzin Jigme Thutob Wangchuk was born in Lhasa in 1948. He was identified as the reincarnation of the fifth Reting Rinpoche in 1951 and enthroned in 1955. He was recognized by the Tibetan government. He stayed in Tibet when the Tibetan government went in exile in 1959 during the Tibetan diaspora.
- Control of Tibet a Question of Faith, January 19, 2000, from World Tibet Network News
- Goldstein M., op.cit., Ch.14 - The Reting Conspiracy - Reting's Death, pp. 510-516.
- Kimura, Hisao. Japanese Agent in Tibet: My Ten Years of Travel in Disguise. Serindia Publications. London:1990.pg 202.
- Melvyn C. Goldstein, A history of modern Tibet, 1913-1951: the demise of the Lamaist state, p. 511-512
- Marcello, Patricia Cronin The Dalai Lama: A Biography. Greenwood Press: 2003
- Gyatso, Lobsang. Memoirs of a Tibetan Lama Snow Lion Publications. Ithica: 1998. Page 235
- World Tibet Network News (January 11, 2000) Beijing Discovers Another "Living Buddha" (AFP)
- Goldstein, Melvyn C. (1991). A History of Modern Tibet, 1913-1951: The Demise of the Lamaist State. University of California Press. ISBN 0-520-07590-0.
- Further biographical info about the fifth Reting Rinpoche, Thupten Jampel Yishey Gyantsen.