List of retired numbers in association football
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This practice, long established in the major North American sports, is a recent development in football since squad numbers for specific players were not widely used until the 1990s. Before then, it was typical for players in the starting lineup to be issued numbers 1 to 11 by formation/position on a match-by-match basis, and substitutes to be numbered from 12 upwards, meaning a player might wear different numbers during the season if they were to play in different positions for tactical reasons, or simply not be a regular in the starting lineup.
Retiring a player's number usually occurs after the player has left the team or retired. It honours a player who has meant so much to his club that they retire the shirt number that the player wore during their time there, meaning no other player is permitted to use that number in the future. In some cases, such as those of Jason Mayélé, Vittorio Mero, Marc-Vivien Foé, Miklós Fehér, Ray Jones, Dylan Tombides, François Sterchele, David di Tommaso, Antonio Puerta, Besian Idrizaj and Piermario Morosini, numbers have been retired to posthumously honour a player who died while still active. Also, Norwegian club Fredrikstad retired Dagfinn Enerly's number following an on-pitch accident that left him paralysed. In Britain, only Bobby Moore's and Jack Lester's shirt numbers have been retired due to great service to the club as opposed to a tragic incident. Although it has not been officially retired, Gianfranco Zola's No. 25 shirt has not been reissued by Chelsea since he left the club in 2003.
The Argentina, Ecuador and Cameroon national teams have been prevented from retiring the numbers of Diego Maradona (10), Christian Benítez (11) and Marc-Vivien Foé (17), respectively, by FIFA rules dealing with squad numbers for Finals tournaments; in other competitions or friendlies, national associations may assign numbers according to criteria of their choosing. Similarly, several clubs have been required to reissue retired numbers for continental club competitions due to squad numbering rules of continental confederations. For example, CAF and CONMEBOL have such rules in their club competitions, but CONCACAF does not.
Some South American teams (such as Universitario de Deportes or Flamengo, and even Mexican teams invited for the occasions) have occasionally had to re-issue their retired numbers for special cases due to CONMEBOL rules, which state that shirts must be numbered 1–25 in continental club competitions (such as Copa Libertadores and Copa Sudamericana, among others).
|JS Kabylie||9||Albert Ebossé Bodjongo||Forward||2013-2014||posthumous|
|Spartak Trnava||9||Ladislav Kuna||Midfielder||1964–1980||posthumous|
|SK Rapid Vienna||5||Peter Schöttel||Defender||1986–2001||His number was temporarily retired for at least 10 years. In 2013, it was reactivated and given to Thanos Petsos.|
|Radnički Niš||10||Ivan "Beli" Krstić||Midfielder||2000||posthumous|
|Orlando Pirates||22||Lesley Manyathela||Forward||2000–2003||posthumous|
|Orlando Pirates||1||Senzo Meyiwa||Goalkeeper||2005–2014||posthumous|
|VB Addu FC||7||Ali Ashfaq||Forward||2008–2011|
|SK Sturm Graz||3||Günther Neukirchner||Defender||1989–2006|
|SK Sturm Graz||7||Mario Haas||Striker||1993–2012|
|SV Ried||27||Sanel Kuljic||Striker||2003–2006|
|Al Ahly||3||Mohamed Abdelwahab||Defender||2004–2006||posthumous|
|Anorthosis Famagusta||14||Temur Ketsbaia||Midfielder||1991–1994, 2002–2009|
|FC Basel||2||Massimo Ceccaroni||Defender||1987–2002|
|FC St. Gallen||17||Marc Zellweger||Defender||1994–2001, 2003–2010|
|Club Brugge||23||François Sterchele||Striker||2007–2008||posthumous|
|UR Namur||3||Michel Soulier||Defender||1967–1977||posthumous|
|Montreal Impact||20||Mauro Biello||Forward||1993–1998, 2000–2009|
|Cobreloa||8||Fernando Cornejo||Midfielder||1992–1997, 2000–2004||posthumous|
|Beijing Enterprises||24||Cheick Tioté||Midfielder||2017||posthumous|
|Chengdu Blades||18||Yao Xia||Striker||2005–2010|
|Raja Casablanca||23||Zakaria Zerouali||Defender||2011|
|Dalian Shide||26||Zhang Yalin||Midfielder||2000–2009||posthumous|
|Dalian Transcendence||17||Wang Renlong||Striker||2014||posthumous|
|Liga Deportiva Alajuelense||20||Mauricio Montero||Defender||1985–1997|
|Cartaginés||18||Claudio Ciccia||Forward||2002–2004, 2005|
|Dynamo České Budějovice||8||Karel Poborský||Midfielder||1991–1994, 2005–2007|
|Lokomotiv Plovdiv||8||Hristo Bonev||Midfielder||1963–1967, 1968–1979, 1982–1984|
|FC Nordsjælland||26||Jonathan Richter||Midfielder||2005–2009|
|Næstved BK||7||Rasmus Green||Midfielder||2005–2006||posthumous|
|Viborg FF||22||Søren Frederiksen||Striker||1989–1994, 1998, 2001–2005|
|FAS||10||Mágico González||Forward||1977–1982, 1991–1999|
|Hartlepool United||25||Michael Maidens||Midfielder||2004–2007||posthumous|
|Queens Park Rangers||31||Ray Jones||Forward||2006–2007||posthumous|
|Rushden & Diamonds||1||Dale Roberts||Goalkeeper||2008–2010||posthumous|
|West Ham United||6||Bobby Moore||Centre back||1958–1974||posthumous|
|West Ham United||38||Dylan Tombides||Striker||2010–2014||posthumous|
|Wycombe Wanderers||14||Mark Philo||Midfielder||2004–2006||posthumous|
|Macclesfield Town||21||Richard Butcher||Midfielder||2010–2011||posthumous|
|Manchester City||23||Marc-Vivien Foé||Midfielder||2002–2003||posthumous|
|Sedan||29||David di Tommaso||Centre back||2000–2004||posthumous|
|Wacker Burghausen||11||Marek Krejčí||Striker||2004–2007||posthumous|
|Olimpia||11||Wilmer Velásquez||Forward||1991–1995, 1996–1998, 1999–2001, 2002–2009|
|Motagua||16||Edy Vásquez||Midfielder||2003–2007||posthumous, retired from 2007–2009|
|Happy Valley||2||Leung Sui Wing||Sweeper||1976–1997|
|Hong Kong Rangers||15||Cheung Yiu Lun||Defender||1992–1995, 1996–1999, 2001–2002||posthumous|
|Tai Po FC||16||Mao Mengsuo||Midfielder||2008–2010||posthumous|
|Ferencváros||2||Tibor Simon||Right fullback||1985–1999||posthumous|
|Kispest AC/Honvéd||10||Ferenc Puskás||Deep-lying forward||1939–1956||retired in 2000, died 2006|
|Bethlehem Vengthlang||21||Peter Biaksangzuala||Midfielder||–2014||posthumous, after the player died celebrating a goal.|
|Persela Lamongan||1||Choirul Huda||Goalkeeper||1999–2017||posthumous|
|Persebaya Surabaya||19||Eri Irianto||Midfielder||1998–2000||posthumous|
|Persis Solo||33||Diego Mendieta||Striker||2011–2012||posthumous|
Died while sleeping. The cause of death was Heart Failure. A few days after the incident, Persepolis football club confirmed that the number 24 is retired at this club.
|Hapoel Be'er Sheva||6||Chaswe Nsofwa||Striker||2007||posthumous|
|Maccabi Tel Aviv||8||Avi Nimni||Forward||1990–1997, 1998–2003, 2005–2008||Club's Legend|
|Maccabi Tel Aviv||12||Meni Levi||Right Back||2000–2002|
|Siena||4||Michele Mignani||Centre back||1996–1997, 1998–2006|
|Atalanta||14||Federico Pisani||Deep-lying forward||1991–1997||posthumous|
|Brescia||10||Roberto Baggio||Deep-lying forward||2000–2004|
|Brescia||13||Vittorio Mero||Defender||1998–2001, 2002||posthumous|
|Cagliari||11||Gigi Riva||Striker||1963–1978||Club's Legend|
|Chievo Verona||30||Jason Mayélé||Left/right winger||2001–2002||posthumous|
|Internazionale||3||Giacinto Facchetti||Left fullback||1961–1978||posthumous|
|Internazionale||4||Javier Zanetti||Right fullback||1995–2014|
|Milan||6||Franco Baresi||Defender||1977–1997||Club's Legend|
|Milan||3||Paolo Maldini||Defender||1984–2009||Can be issued to either of Paolo Maldini's sons: Christian Maldini, currently playing for A. C. Milan under-19's or Daniel Maldini, also playing for A.C. Milan youth teams|
|Vicenza||25||Piermario Morosini||Midfielder||2007–2009, 2011||posthumous|
|Thespa Kusatsu||31||Ryosuke Okuno||Defender||2002–2003|
|Yokohama F. Marinos||3||Naoki Matsuda||Defender||1995–2010||posthumous|
|Fujieda MYFC||2||Toshihide Saito||Defender||2009–2013|
|FC Shakhter Karagandy||14||Andrei Finonchenko||Forward||2000–2016|||
|Daewoo Royals, Busan I'cons||16||Kim Joo-Sung||Midfielder||1987–1992, 1994–1999|
|Nejmeh Sporting Club||3||Hussein Dokmak||Defender||1997–2007||posthumous (killed in a terrorist bombing)|
|Nejmeh Sporting Club||12||Hussein Naeem||Striker||2001–2007||posthumous (killed in a terrorist bombing)|
|Al Ahly Tripoli||14||Tarik El Taib||Midfielder||1995–2001|
|Atlante||12||Félix Fernández||Goalkeeper||1989–1998, 1999–2001, 2002–2003|
|Guadalajara||8||Salvador Reyes||Striker||1953–1967, 2008||posthumous|
|Guadalajara||22||José Martínez González||Midfielder||1970–1981||posthumous|
|Monterrey||26||Humberto Suazo||Forward||2007–2014||Number Retired on 12 December 2014|
|Monterrey||28||Jesus Arellano||Right Winger||1992–1997, 2000–2011||The shirt is not fully retired. Arellano has given consent for his son to adopt the number 28.|
|Monterrey||51||Antonio de Nigris||Striker||1999–2002||posthumous|
|UANL Tigres||7||Gerónimo Barbadillo||Midfielder||1977–1982|
|Pachuca||1||Miguel Calero||Goalkeeper||2000–2011||His number had been retired on 23 October 2011 after Calero's retirement as a professional player. Later his number was retired again posthumous when he died on 4 December 2012.|
|Pachuca||110||Andrés Chitiva||Midfielder||2001–2008, 2011|
|Pumas UNAM||12||Sergio Bernal||Goalkeeper||1989–1997, 1998–2001, 2003–2010|
|Ajax||14||Johan Cruyff||Forward||1957-1973, 1981-1983|
|Utrecht||4||David di Tommaso||Centre back||2004–2005||posthumous|
|NAC Breda||13||Ferry van Vliet||Midfielder||2001–2002||posthumous|
|Telstar||22||Luciano van den Berg||Defender||2004–2005||posthumous|
|Vitesse Arnhem||4||Theo Bos||Defender||1983–1998||posthumous|
|Universitario de Deportes||22||José Luis Carranza||Midfielder||1986–2004|
|Lech Poznań||9||Piotr Reiss||Forward||1994–1998, 2002–2008, 2012–2013|
|Legia Warsaw||10||Kazimierz Deyna||Midfielder||1966–1978||posthumous|
|Widzew Łódź||11||Włodzimierz Smolarek||Striker||1974–1978, 1980–1986||posthumous|
|União Leiria||10||Hugo Cunha||Midfielder||2004–2005||posthumous; has been worn again since 2009|
|Dinamo Bucharest||11||Cătălin Hîldan||Midfielder||1994–2000||posthumous|
|Dinamo Bucharest||14||Patrick Ekeng||Midfielder||2016||posthumous|
|Dinamo Bucharest||25||Ionel Danciulescu||Striker||1995–1997, 2002–2009, 2010–2013|
|CSKA Moscow||16||Serhiy Perkhun||Goalkeeper||2001||posthumous|
|Real Betis||26||Miki Roqué||Defender||2010–2012||posthumous|
|Assyriska FF||18||Eddie Moussa||Striker||2001–2010||posthumous|
|Helsingborgs IF||17||Henrik Larsson||Striker||1992–1993 2006–2009|
|Kalmar FF||15||Johny Erlandsson||Winger||1973–1988|
|Norrköping||18||Stefán Þórðarson||Striker||2004–2007||The shirt was worn by Þórðarson during his comeback in the club during the 2009 season.|
|Umeå IK||6||Malin Moström||Midfielder||1995–2006, 2007||The shirt was worn by Moström during her comeback at the club during the 2007 season.|
|Los Angeles Galaxy||13||Cobi Jones||Midfielder||1996–2007|
|New York Cosmos||9||Giorgio Chinaglia||Striker||1976–1983||Number posthumously retired in June 2014.|
|New York Cosmos||10||Pelé||Striker||1975–1977||Number retired on 1 October 1977, at halftime.|
|Portland Timbers||3||Clive Charles||Defender||1978–1981||Number posthumously retired 23 August 2003.|
|Real Salt Lake||9||Jason Kreis||Midfielder/Striker||2005–2007||Retirement ceremony held on 4 July 2011.|
|Tampa Bay Rowdies||6||Mike Connell||Defender||1975–1984||Number retired 10 August 2013|
|Tampa Bay Rowdies||12||Perry Van der Beck||Midfielder||1978–1982, 1984, 1991–1993||Number retired 1 October 2010|
|Hoàng Anh Gia Lai||13||Kiatisuk Senamuang||Striker||2001–2006|
|Swansea City||40||Besian Idrizaj||Striker||2009–2010||posthumous|
|CSD Municipal||15||Juan Carlos Plata||Forward||1990–2010|
|NK Maribor||19||Stipe Balajić||Defender/Midfielder||1998–2005|
|Skoda Xanthi||13||Olubayo Adefemi||Defender||2010-11||posthumous|
|Skoda Xanthi||56||Steve Gohouri||Defender||2013-14||posthumous|
|Montego Bay||2||Stephen Malcolm||Defender||1989–2001||posthumous|
|Reno F.C.||7||Caple Donaldson||Midfielder||posthumous|
|Alianza||2||Roberto Rivas||Right Back||1960–1970||posthumous|
|Municipal Limeño||11||Oscar Armando Díaz||Striker||–1998||posthumous|
|Ural||23||Pyotr Hrustovsky||Striker||1999, 2001–2003||posthumous|
|Najran SC||20||Al Hasan Al-Yami||Striker||1991–1996, 2005–2010||Number retired on 31 July 2012.|
|Dempo SC||10||Christiano Junior||Striker||2004||posthumous|
|Limerick FC||4||Joe O'Mahony||Centre back||1966–1986||posthumous|
|Diósgyőri VTK||77||José Juan Luque||Winger||1996–2013||Number retired on 2 June 2013 on a full house match, for the respect because Luque was the most professional player in the DVTK history. His number retired for 10 years.|
|Exeter City||9||Adam Stansfield||Forward||2006–2010||posthumous|
|VfL Wolfsburg||19||Junior Malanda||Midfielder||2012–2015||posthumous|
|São Paulo||01||Rogério Ceni||Goalkeeper||1990–2015||His number was retired on 12 December, when he retired from football. The number '1' may still be used, but the iconic '01', which is an inverted '10', is retired.|
|Derry City||18||Mark Farren||Striker||2000–2014||Number was retired in dedication to the clubs all-time record goal scorer after he died of cancer.|
|Roulado||7||Jean-Robert Menelas||Striker||1993–2007||Number was retired in recognition of his career in the club and for his all-time record goal scoring in the league. He is the first in the history of Haitian football to have a number permanently removed from use.|
|Daejeon Citizen FC||18||Kim Eun-jung||Striker||1997-2003, 2014|
|Daejeon Citizen FC||21||Choi Eun-sung||Goalkeeper||1998-2012|
|FC Kansas City||12||Lauren Holiday||Midfielder}||2013-2015|
|FC Red Bull Salzburg||26||Jonathan Soriano||Striker||2012-2017||Club's Legend|
|Árabe Unido||21||Amílcar Henríquez||Midfielder||2003–2008, 2016-2017||posthumous|
|Milan||3||Paolo Maldini||Left back, Centre-back||1984–2009||The shirt was not fully retired. Maldini has given consent for his sons to adopt the number 3 shirt if either of them play professionally for the club.|
|Roma||6||Aldair||Centre-back||1990–2003||The shirt number had been retired by the club when the player left the club in 2003. When Kevin Strootman joined Roma in 2013, he asked for permission to wear number 6. The club approved the request after Aldair gave his consent.|
|Slavia||7||Stanislav Vlček||Striker||2004-2007, 2009-2013||Rather than retiring the number, the club opted to freeze the number for any future player that wants it, provided that the applying player meets 7 game achievements. Among those are scoring 3 goals overall against Sparta, being nominated for his national team, winning the trophy for top goalscorer and others. Even though Milan Škoda met the requirements in 2016-17 season, he opted to keep his number 21. The 7 was eventually given to Danny upon him joining the team for 2017-18 season. Vlček gave his consent and Danny pledged to work to meet the remaining criteria.|
|Argentina||10||Diego Maradona||Midfielder||1979–1994||The number 10 had been retired by Argentine Football Association in October 2001 to honour Maradona. Before the 2002 World Cup, the AFA submitted a squad list of 23 players for the tournament, listed 1 through 24, with the number 10 omitted. FIFA rejected Argentina's list, and the governing body's president, Sepp Blatter suggested the number 10 shirt be instead given to the team's third-choice goalkeeper, Roberto Bonano. AFA ultimately submitted a revised list with Ariel Ortega, originally listed as number 23, as the number 10. The number 10 has been worn by other players since, most notably by Lionel Messi, whom Maradona considers his "successor."|
|Dunfermline Athletic||4||Norrie McCathie||Defender||1981–1996||The club retired the number after club captain McCathie was found dead in his home on 8 January 1996, as a result of Carbon Monoxide poisoning. At that time, Scottish League clubs used shirt numbered from 1 to 11, so for the remainder of the 1995–96 season, 12 was used instead. However, the number was not retired permanently, and has been re-issued since.|
|Livorno||10||Igor Protti||Striker||1985–1988, 1999–2005||In December 2005, Livorno officially retired the #10 jersey. However, Protti, who led the forward line and captained his side in two promotions from Serie C1 to Serie A, quickly gaining a reputation as a fan favourite, announced his willingness to see the #10 number reissued to another player, in order to "give anybody back a dream to dress it one day." This was made effective starting from the 2007–08 season, in which Francesco Tavano played with the #10 number.|
|Exeter City||9||Adam Stansfield||Forward||2006–2010||The club retired the number 9 for nine seasons after the striker died of cancer on 10 August 2010.|
|Maccabi Tel-Aviv||12||Meni Levi||Defender||–2007||During a game between Maccabi Tel-Aviv and Beitar Jerusalem, Levi chest-controlled and kicked the ball, ran back to defend, then collapsed. He returned to his feet, and then collapsed a second time. He was subsequently on a life-support machine, and has since returned home. The club claims that the number 12 is unofficially reserved for the fans.|
|Universitario||9||Lolo Fernández||Forward||1930–53||Number retired only for the 2013 season.|
|Leeds United||17||Massimo Cellino||Chairman||2014||Leeds retired the number 17 shirt due to Italian chairman Massimo Cellino's superstitions, as 17 is considered an unlucky number in Italian culture.|
|Motherwell||10||Phil O'Donnell||Midfielder||1990–1994, 2004–2007||Phil O'Donnell collapsed while playing for Motherwell against Dundee United in 2007. He was later pronounced dead at Wishaw General Hospital. The number 10 shirt was worn by his nephew David Clarkson during the 2008-09 season. Since Clarkson left in June 2009, it has not been retired, but has not been issued to any subsequent player.|
|Orlando Pirates||22||Lesley Manyathela||Striker||2000−2003||The club retired the number 22, after Manyathela died in a car crash in August, 2003. However, Confederation of African Football rules state that shirts must be numbered 1–30 in continental club competitions, so Pirates has been re-issued it in those special cases.|
|Real Oviedo||10||Peter Dubovsky||Midfielder||1995–2000||The Spanish Football League allowed Oviedo to retire number 10 just for the 2000–2001 season, as an exception to its rules. At the end of the season, number 10 was re-issued.|
|Sevilla||16||Antonio Puerta||Left back, Left winger||2004–2007||The shirt has not been fully retired. It was temporarily retired after Puerta died of a cardiac arrest on the first matchday in La Liga 2007–2008 However, the Spanish Football Federation rules state that clubs must use number 1 to 25 for their regular squad, and as a result, David Prieto wore the number in 2008 in honour of his friend.|
|Stabæk||7||Christer Basma||Central defender||1995–1998||The club had retired the number to honor his services for the club. However, the retirement was revoked after 2004 season and the number given to Henning Hauger.|
|Chelsea||25||Gianfranco Zola||Forward||1996–2003||Chelsea have not officially retired the number 25 shirt, but it has not been allocated to another player since Zola left the club in 2003.|
|Portsmouth||13||Aaron Flahavan||Goalkeeper||1994–2001||Following Flahavan's death in a car accident in August 2001, Portsmouth and his first club, Southampton, retired their number 1 shirts for the 2001-02 season as a mark of respect. From the 2003-04 season, Portsmouth retired the number 13 shirt, as this was the number Flahavan wore during the majority of his time at the club. Number 13 remained unused until 2011, when it was allocated to goalkeeper Stephen Henderson, and it has been reissued since.|
|FC Haka||14||Valeri Popovitch||Forward||1994–2008||First ever retired shirt number in the history of Finnish football is ex-Haka's Valeri Popovitch's number 14. Popovitch has stated that his sons, who are still playing for Haka's junior teams, can wear the legendary number if they want.|
|Wycombe Wanderers||14||Mark Philo||Midfielder||2004–2006||Philo was killed in a car accident and the number 14 shirt retired. It was later revealed he was significantly over the drink-drive limit and his car veered on to the other side of the road, killing a 58-year-old mother of two.|
|Lyon||16||Luc Borrelli||Goalkeeper||1998–1999||posthumous — returned to use in 2011|
|Lyon||17||Marc-Vivien Foé||Midfielder||2000–2003||posthumous — returned to use in 2008|
|1. FC Köln||10||Lukas Podolski||Winger||2002–06, 2009–12||The club had announced that the number would remain out of circulation as long as Podolski is playing football on a professional level. Nevertheless, the #10 was given to Patrick Helmes in July 2014.|
|Galatasaray||3||Bülent Korkmaz||Central defender||1984–2005||Despite the club announcing the retirement of the number, it has been re-issued.|
|Independiente Santa Fe||23||Léider Preciado||Striker||1995–1998, 2000–2001, 2004–2005, 2006–2008, 2011||The number was out of circulation for a period of 23 months (starting May 2012) in honor of the second top scorer in the history of the club.|
|C.D. Guadalajara||11||Ramón Morales||Midfielder||1998–2011, 2013– (as part of the coaching staff).||The shirt was never officially retired, but it was not issued out of American competitions for the time between Morales' exit and his return as a coach. All players intending to wear the jersey have to ask for Morales' consent. It is now being worn by Jesús Aldo De Nigris since he has received Morales' approval.|
|Pachuca||8||Gabriel Caballero||Midfielder/Forward||1998–2002, 2003–2004, 2005–2009||His number was just temporaly retired for 5 years. After that period, it was reactivated and given to Hirving Lozano in 2014.|
|Sagan Tosu||17||Sakata Michitaka||Non-player||2001–||The shirt was retired posthumously, to honour Michikata who played a key role in establishment of former Tosu Futures and their revival as Sagan Tosu, and who died due to kidney cancer on 7 January 2000. Number 17, derived from the day of his death, was selected to be retired. The number would later also be dedicated to the club's fans, thus they have not retired squad number 12 like most Japanese League teams.|
|FC Barcelona||21||Luis Enrique||Midfielder||1996–2004||Joined the club as a free agent from eternal rivals Real Madrid, and spent eight years at FC Barcelona. In his last years, he became the captain of the team. The shirt was retired for just two years (2004–06), since La Liga did not allow to retire numbers permanently. Former coach of the team. The number 21 shirt was awarded to Lilian Thuram in 2006.|
|Schalke 04||7||Raúl||Striker||2010–2012||At the time Raúl left the club, the team intended to retire the jersey indefinitely. However, the retirement of this shirt only lasted one year; since 2013 it has been worn by Max Meyer.|
|Panserraikos F.C.||9||Sakis Theodoropoulos||Midfielder||2008—2009||The club retired the number 9 when the player left the club and he helped the team with all his abilities, although he played one season on loan. The season 2010-11 gave the number 9 to his friend and teammate Bojan Vručina. When Vručina left the team, the club retired the number 9, in honour of Sakis Theodoropoulos, who played one season (2008–09)|
Dedication to fans
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Some clubs dedicate a number to their fans, and do not issue it to any player. The most common number for this practice is 12, from descriptions of the fans as "the twelfth man".
In Japanese footballing tradition, almost all the professional teams retired the number 12 for their supporters. The only two teams not to retire 12 are Urawa Red Diamonds and Sagan Tosu (Sagan retired 17 for a similar reason).
Other clubs and teams include:
Notes: 1 Despite of having their number "12" retired, Brazilian clubs have had to re-issue them for CONMEBOL competitions such as Copa Libertadores, where rosters must be numbered from 1 to 25 consecutively.
Indy Eleven reserve the number 11 for their supporters.
Reading, Notts County and Bryne reserve the number 13 for their supporters, Panathinaikos reserve this number in honour of Gate 13, the ultras based in the respective gate in home matches. Norwich City also reserve the number 13 shirt for "the fans" while Shrewsbury Town reserve the number 13 shirt for the fan who wins a pre-season competition.
Bursaspor reserve the number 16 for their supporters.
AFC Bournemouth use squad number 27 for the Steve Fletcher Stand which houses the large majority of hardcore supporters, the number 50 for "12th man" and the number 99 shirt for their mascot, Cherry Bear.
Oldham Athletic reserve the number 40 for their fans.
Leicester City have reserved the number 50 for the mascot, Filbert Fox, which he wears on his shirt at every game.
- "Soccer-Ecuador to reinstate Benitez's number 11 for World Cup". reuters.com. 6 March 2014.
- Scott Murray and Paolo Bandini (27 May 2009). "Which clubs have retired shirt numbers?". The Guardian. Retrieved 27 May 2009.
- "Justin Edinburgh:Dale touched our lives". Rushden & Diamonds Official website. 16 December 2010. Retrieved 2010-12-16.
- "Hammers pay tribute to Dylan". www.whufc.com. 19 April 2014. Retrieved 20 April 2014.
- "Silkmen retire Richard Butcher's Squad Number". Macclefield Town FC Official website. 13 January 2011. Retrieved 2011-01-13.
- "Peter Biaksangzuala: Indian player dies after goal celebration". BBC Sport. 2014-10-20. Retrieved 2014-11-05.
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- "Internazionale retire No4 shirt in honour of Javier Zanetti", The Guardian, 30 June 2014
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