The Rettig Report, officially The National Commission for Truth and Reconciliation Report, is a 1991 report by a commission designated by then-President Patricio Aylwin (from the Concertación) encompassing human rights abuses resulting in death or disappearance that occurred in Chile during the years of military dictatorship under Augusto Pinochet, which began on September 11, 1973 and ended on March 11, 1990. They found that over 2,000 people had been killed for political reasons, and dozens of military personnel have been convicted of human rights abuses.
It is named after its chairman, Raúl Rettig, a former ambassador of President Salvador Allende. The eight-member commission, including Jaime Castillo Velasco, José Luis Cea Egaña, Mónica Jiménez, Laura Novoa Vásquez, José Zalaquett Daher, Ricardo Martin Díaz, and Gonzalo Vial Correa (minister of Education 1978-79), released its report in February 1991.
The report determined that 2,279 persons were killed for political reasons. This figure included 957 disappeared after arrest and 164 "victims of political violence", a figure that included police officers and others killed by left-wing extremists.(p1122)
In 641 cases, the commission could not conclusively determine that the person was killed for political reasons. It found 508 cases that were beyond its mandate, and that in 449 cases, no information beyond the name of a disappeared person could be determined.(p1122)
As of May 2012, 76 agents had been condemned for violations of human rights and 67 were convicted: 36 of the Army, 27 Carabineros, 2 of the Air Force, one of the Navy and one of the PDI. Three condemned agents died and six agents got conditional sentences. 350 cases, pertaining to disappeared persons, illegal detainees and torture, remain open. There are 700 military and civilian persons involved in these cases.
- Valech Report
- Chilean Coup of 1973
- Augusto Pinochet
- Salvador Allende
- List of Truth and Reconciliation commissions
- Víctor Jara Stadium was a sports arena used as a detention and torture center listed on the report.
- Carlos Lorca
- Patio 29
- Villa Grimaldi Infamous torture center in Santiago.
- Colonia Dignidad is another detention and torture center listed.
- Esmeralda (BE-43) is another floating detention and torture center listed.
- Report of the Chilean National Commission on Truth and Reconciliation
- Agence France Presse (6 July 2012). "Estudio revela que 76 son los agentes de la dictadura condenados por violaciones a DDHH". Chiliean newspaper La Tercera. Retrieved 4 March 2015.
- Memoriaviva (Complete list of Victims, Torture Centres and Criminals - in Spanish)
- Report of the Chilean National Commission on Truth and Reconciliation (English translation of the Rettig report, PDF file)
- Truth Commission: Chile 90, Website with English translation of the report