|Born||April 28, 1812|
|Died||January 10, 1880|
|Resting place||Prospect Hill Cemetery|
|Alma mater||Yale University|
|Spouse(s)||Sarah Burton; Mary N. Welles|
|Children||Sarah Abia Gaylord|
By the second marriage
Ralph Emerson Gaylord
Georgia B. Gaylord
Joseph Deming Gaylord
Mary Louisa Gaylord
Reuben Gaylord (April 28, 1812 – January 10, 1880) was the recognized leader of the missionary pioneers in the Nebraska Territory, and has been called the "father of Congregationalism in Nebraska." Writing in memory of Gaylord in the early 1900s, fellow Omaha pioneer George L. Miller said, "It was Reuben Gaylord, the brave Christian soldier who brought Sunday into Omaha and the Trans-Missouri country.
Born in Norfolk, Litchfield County, Connecticut, Reuben Curtis Gaylord was one of eight children of Reuben Gaylord and Mary Curtis who were of Congregational heritage. Gaylord committed himself to Christianity when he was fourteen years old. He attended Yale University in 1830 and graduated in 1834, when delivered the graduating oration. After he graduated Gaylord worked at the Illinois College in Jacksonville, Illinois. There he taught and studied theology with Dr. Edward Beecher, president of the college and a son of Dr. Lyman Beecher, Yale 1797. In 1837 he returned to Yale Theological Seminary and graduated in 1838.
Gaylord belonged to a band of pioneer ministers well known in the history of Congregationalism who came west after they graduated from the Yale Divinity School in 1838 to established churches in Iowa. He was ordained at Plymouth, Connecticut in August 1839. His first daughter was born on October 13, 1839. His 23-year-old wife died on September 23, 1840.
Soon after graduation Gaylord was commissioned by the American Home Missionary Society of Yale College to work in Henry County, Iowa. He was the second Congregational minister in that state, preaching at the Mount Pleasant and Danville, Iowa churches, and eventually became the permanent minister at the Danville Congregational Church. While there he became a founding member of the board of trustees of Iowa College at Grinell, now known as Grinnell College.
O. D. Richardson, former governor of Michigan and Congregationalist, invited Gaylord to come and work in Omaha, Nebraska. He first came in September 1855. Moving his family there on Christmas Day, 1855, Gaylord preached his sermons in the Nebraska State House in Omaha, which was the only place in Omaha available.
On May 4, 1856, Gaylord organized the First Congregational Church of Omaha with nine members. A building was completed in August 1857. Later he organized the Congregational Church in Fontanelle, Florence and Fort Calhoun. He also played a key role in establishing the first Nebraska University in Fontanelle.
In 1864 he was appointed agent for the American Home Missionary Society for western Iowa and the entirety of Nebraska. He accepted this appointment and resigned from the church in Omaha, working there until 1871. Afterwards he returned to Omaha, regularly preaching in LaPlatte, Papillion, Columbus, and other places. In 1875, he returned to Fontanelle as the minister, and preached at the church in Jalapa as well. Gaylord died suddenly in the town of Fontanelle in 1880.
Gaylord's first wife was Sarah Burton, whom he was married to in 1838; she died two years later. They had one child. In 1841 Reuben married Mary N. Welles, a direct descendant of Thomas Welles, the Fourth Colonial Governor of Connecticut. Reuben and Mary were the parents of four children.
His daughter from his first marriage was Sarah Abia Gaylord. She was born in 1839 in Davenport, Iowa and died in Irvington, Nebraska in 1919. She was married in 1862 to Sardius Brewster. He was a son of Harriet Clarke and Elias Brewster and a direct descendant of Elder William Brewster, a Pilgrim leader and spiritual elder of the Plymouth Colony and a passenger on the Mayflower. Sardius Brewster was also a descendant of Governor William Bradford of the Plymouth Colony and a passenger on the Mayflower, and Martha Wadsworth Brewster, a notable 18th-century American poet and writer.
- Clark, J.B. (2006) Leavening the Nation: The Story of American Home Missions. Kessinger Publishing. p 117.
- Punchard, G. (1865) "Congregationalism in Nebraska," History of Congregationalism from about A.D. 250 to the Present Time. Hurd and Houghton. p 360.
- Clark, J.B. (2006) p 119.
- "Douglas County Biographies", Andreas' History of Nebraska. Retrieved 4/12/08.
- Reeves, W.E. (1916) "The Blue Book of Nebraska Woman." Missouri Printing and Publishing Company.
- "History," Archived 2008-05-10 at the Wayback Machine. First Central Congregational Church. Retrieved 4/12/08.
- Our 150th Anniversary, First Central Congregational Church. Retrieved 4/12/08.
- Augsperger, D. "A Brief History of The Federated Church", Federated Church of Columbus. Retrieved 4/13/08.
- Wells, M.M. (1889) Life and Labors of Rev. Reuben Gaylord: Home Missionary for Iowa and Nebraska. Rees Printing Company.