Reuben Mattus (December 25, 1912 – January 27, 1994) was born in Poland of Jewish parents. He arrived at the Port of New York on the SS Vestris with his widowed mother Lea on March 5, 1921, several months before Rose Vesel. He started in the ice cream business as a child of 10, joining his uncle who was in the Italian lemon-ice business in Brooklyn, helping his mother squeeze lemons for the ices. By the late 1920s, the family began making ice pops, and by 1929 chocolate-covered ice cream bars and sandwiches under the name Senator Frozen Products, selling them from a horse-drawn wagon in The Bronx.
Rose Mattus (née Vesel)
Rose Vesel Mattus (November 23, 1916 – November 28, 2006) was born in Manchester, United Kingdom as Rose Vesel to Jewish parents who had emigrated from Poland. They made theatrical costumes and briefly moved to Belfast with a theatre company and emigrated to New York as steerage passengers on board the RMS Berengaria in October 1921 when Rose was five years old.
Reuben and Rose Mattus
Reuben and Rose met in Brownsville, Brooklyn, New York. After finishing high school, Rose went to work as a bookkeeper at the Senator plant in 1934, and the two married in 1936. The Senator Frozen Products company was profitable, but by the 1950s the large mass-producers of ice cream started a price war leading to their decision to make a heavy kind of high-end ice cream. Reuben consulted some books and started to make a new heavy kind of ice cream. In 1959, they decided to form a new ice cream company with a foreign-sounding name. The name chosen was the Danish-sounding 'Häagen-Dazs' as a tribute to Denmark's exemplary treatment of its Jews during the Second World War, adding an umlaut which does not exist in Danish, and even put a map of Denmark on the carton.
From its launch in 1961, the ice cream was made using cream and natural ingredients for the flavorings, in contrast with competing brands which used often artificial ingredients, starting with three simple flavors: vanilla, chocolate, and coffee. Their ice cream was high in butterfat and had less air, which, according to Rose Mattus' autobiography, was the result of a factory accident, when the air injection pump broke. Reuben developed the flavors and Rose marketed the product. Her first marketing ploy was to dress up elegantly – in keeping with the upmarket positioning of the brand – and give away free samples at local grocers. Another part of her strategy was to market the brand to university students, and she made certain that ice cream parlors near New York University in Greenwich Village carried Häagen-Dazs, as well as upscale restaurants. The brand, which grew only slowly through the 1960s, was at first distributed nationally by Greyhound Bus deliveries to college towns. In 1966, Häagen-Dazs launched its fourth flavor, strawberry, a flavor that took them 6 years to develop. By 1973, it was sold throughout the United States, and in 1976 the first Häagen-Dazs store was opened in Brooklyn by their daughter Doris.
The business was sold to the Pillsbury Company in 1983 for $70 million. The Mattuses were kept on as consultants after the sale until Pillsbury was bought by Grand Metropolitan and their contract was not renewed; Häagen-Dazs is now owned by General Mills. After this, they launched the Mattus Ice Cream Company in 1992, this time specializing in low-fat products, calling them Mattus' Lowfat Ice Cream, a premium line of low-fat ice cream. Mattus' Lowfat Ice Cream was named one of the "Ten Best Products of 1993" by Time Magazine.
The Mattuses lived in Cresskill, New Jersey. They had two daughters, Doris Hurley and Natalie Salmore, and five grandchildren.
Rose Mattus sat on the board of the Zionist Organization of America. The couple was known for their support of Rabbi Meir Kahane, founder of the Jewish Defense League and the Kach party. They were known for their support of Israel, founding a school of high technology in Herzliya which bears their name, and supporting the Israeli settlements.
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- Our history
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- ICE CREAM KING TAKES ANOTHER DIP. Washington Post
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- "Golden Plate Awardees of the American Academy of Achievement". www.achievement.org. American Academy of Achievement.
- Friedman, Robert I. (November 8, 1987). "Kahane's Money Tree". Washington Post.
- Michael Carlson (January 9, 2007). "Rose Mattus. The woman who sold Häagen-Dazs to America". The Guardian. Retrieved August 7, 2012.
- Rose Mattus. The Independent