|Place of origin||United States|
|Main ingredients||Corned beef; sauerkraut; Swiss cheese; rye bread; and either Russian dressing, Thousand Island dressing, or possibly Dijon mustard|
|Cookbook: Reuben sandwich Media: Reuben sandwich|
The Reuben sandwich is an American hot sandwich composed of corned beef, Swiss cheese, sauerkraut, and Russian or Thousand Island dressing, grilled between slices of rye bread. Several variants exist.
Reuben Kulakofsky: Omaha, Nebraska
One account holds that Reuben Kulakofsky (sometimes spelled Reubin, or the last name shortened to Kay), a Lithuanian-born grocer residing in Omaha, Nebraska, was the inventor perhaps as part of a group effort by members of Kulakofsky's weekly poker game held in the Blackstone Hotel from around 1920 through 1935. The participants, who nicknamed themselves "the committee", included the hotel's owner, Charles Schimmel. The sandwich first gained local fame when Schimmel put it on the Blackstone's lunch menu, and its fame spread when a former employee of the hotel won a national contest with the recipe. In Omaha, March 14 was proclaimed as Reuben Sandwich Day.
Reuben's Delicatessen: New York City
- Another account holds that the Reuben's creator was Arnold Reuben, the German owner of the famed yet defunct Reuben's Delicatessen in New York City who according to an interview with Craig Claiborne invented the "Reuben special" around 1914. The earliest references in print to the sandwich are New York–based but that is not conclusive evidence, though the fact that the earliest, from a 1926 edition of Theatre Magazine, references a "Reuben special", does seem to take its cue from Arnold Reuben's menu.
- A variation of the above account is related by Bernard Sobel in his book, Broadway Heartbeat: Memoirs of a Press Agent, which claims that the sandwich was an extemporaneous creation for Marjorie Rambeau inaugurated when the famed Broadway actress visited the Reuben's Delicatessen one night when the cupboards were particularly bare.
- Some sources name the actress in the above account as Annette Seelos, not Marjorie Rambeau, while noting that the original "Reuben special" sandwich did not contain corned beef or sauerkraut and was not grilled; still other versions give credit to Alfred Scheuing, Reuben's chef, and say he created the sandwich for Reuben's son, Arnold Jr., in the 1930s.
The Rachel sandwich is a variation on the standard Reuben sandwich, substituting pastrami for the corned beef, and coleslaw for the sauerkraut. Other recipes for the Rachel call for turkey instead of corned beef or pastrami. In some parts of the United States, especially Michigan, this turkey variant is known as a "Georgia Reuben" or "California Reuben", which sometimes uses barbecue sauce or French dressing instead of Russian or Thousand Island.
The grouper Reuben is a variation on the standard Reuben sandwich, substituting grouper for the corned beef, and sometimes will substitute coleslaw for the sauerkraut as well. This variation is often a menu item in restaurants in Florida. Another variation is the Lobster Reuben served in the Florida Keys.
West Coast Reuben
Reuben egg rolls
Reuben egg rolls, sometimes called "Irish egg rolls" or "Reuben balls", use the standard Reuben sandwich filling of corned beef, sauerkraut, and cheese inside a deep-fried egg roll wrapper. Typically served with Thousand Island dressing as an appetizer or snack, they originated at Mader's, a German restaurant in Milwaukee, Wisconsin, where chef Dennis Wegner created them for a summer festival in about 1990.
- "Reuben", Oxford English Dictionary, 2nd ed.
- Rader, Jim. "The Reuben Sandwich". Reuben Realm.
- Griswold, Jennifer. "Today is Proclaimed Reuben Sandwich Day". KMTV.
- Jared Ingersoll (2006). "Toasted Reuben sandwich". Danks Street Depot. Murdoch Books. p. 115. ISBN 9781740455985.
- Craig Claiborne. The New York Times Food Encyclopedia. See also Arnold Reuben interview, American Life Histories: Manuscripts from the Federal Writers' Project, 1936–1940, quoted on What's cooking America site.
- Sobel, Bernard (1953). "Broadway Heartbeat: Memoirs of a Press Agent". New York City: Hermitage House: 233. OCLC 1514676.
- Mary-Lane Kamberg (2004). "Grilled Reuben sandwich variation: Grilled Rachel sandwich". The I Don't Know How to Cook Book: 300 Great Recipes You Can't Mess Up. Adams Media. p. 42. ISBN 9781593370091.
- Popik, Barry (November 13, 2004). "Reuben Sandwich (and Rachel Sandwich, Celebrity Sandwiches)". The Big Apple. Retrieved November 2, 2013.
- Rombauer, Irma S.; Becker, Marion Rombauer; Becker, Ethan (2006). "Reuben Sandwich". Joy of Cooking (75th Anniversary ed.). Scribner. p. 181. ISBN 978-0-7432-4626-2.
For a Rachel, substitute turkey for the corned beef.
- Calloway, Karin (September 21, 2010). "Takeoff on Reuben sandwich makes tasty meal". The Augusta Chronicle. Retrieved February 2, 2011.
In Florida … many restaurants serve a grouper Reuben
- "Montreal Corned Beef Reuben Sandwich", The Gazette
- Zeldes, Leah A. (March 10, 2010). "Irish' food in Chicago isn't quite so in Ireland: Who played a role in the reuben egg roll?". Chicago Sun-Times. Retrieved March 15, 2010.
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|Wikibooks Cookbook has a recipe/module on|
- Claiborne, Craig (May 17, 1976). "DE GUSTIBUS; Whence the Reuben? Omaha, It Seems". The New York Times. p. 24 (Family/Style section).
- McMorris, Robert (September 11, 1965). "Omaha Saw Invention of Reuben Sandwich". The Omaha Evening World-Herald.
- McMorris, Robert (January 31, 1986). "Just When You Thought Reuben's Roots Were Safe". The Omaha World-Herald. p. 2.
- McMorris, Robert (July 24, 1989). "This Reuben Explanation Seems Hard to Swallow". The Omaha World-Herald. p. 2.
- Weil, Elizabeth (June 7, 2013). "My Grandfather Invented the Reuben Sandwich. Right? The Midnight Lunch Special". The New York Times.