Communist Party of Réunion
The Communist Party of Réunion (French: Parti Communiste Réunionnais, PCR) is a Communist political party in the French overseas department of Réunion (in the Indian Ocean). The party has one seat in the French National Assembly.
PCR was founded in 1959, as the French Communist Party (PCF) federation in Reunion became an independent party. In the same year, they decided to include demands for autonomy in their manifesto. The party said that it wanted autonomy but not independence. It has since abandoned its policy of autonomism. Paul Vergès led the party from its foundation until February 1993, when he stepped down and Élie Hoarau was elected general secretary; Vergès is currently serving as senator in the French senate.
During the late 1990s the relations between PCF and PCR became somewhat strained, regarding differences in party lines. Relations were, however, fully restored in 2005, on the occasion of PCF leader Marie-George Buffet's visit to the island; subsequently, the PCR stood on the list of the French Communist Party in the 2004 European Parliament elections, and Vergès became one of three MEPs elected from the PCF list at national level. The main party leaders are Hoarau, Huguette Bello and Pierre Vergès (the son of Paul Vergès).
The press outlet of the party is the daily newspaper Témoignages, founded by Paul Vergès' father, Dr. Raymond Vergès, in 1944. Temoignages has headquarters in Le Port, where the Communist Party usually gets most of their votes.
- Huguette Bello (Saint-Paul)
- Claude Hoarau (Saint-Louis)
- Roland Robert (La Possession)
- Yolande Pausé (Sainte-Suzanne)
- Eric Fruteau (Saint-André)
- Jean-Yves Langenier (Le Port)
- Paul Vergès
- Maya Cesari (stepdaughter of Paul Vergès )
- Yasmina Panshbaya
- Élie Hoarau
- Rahiba Dubois
- Catherine Gaud
- Aline Hoarau Murin
- Béatrice Leperlier
- Philippe Jean-Pierre
- Maurice Gironcel
- Roland Ramakistin
- Yvon Virapin
- Robert Nativel
- Yvon Bello
- Eric Fruteau
- Monica Govindin
- Jean-Yves Langenier
- Roland Robert
- Pierre Vergès (son of Paul Vergès)
- Gilberg, Trond. Coalition Strategies Of Marxist Parties. Durham: Duke University Press, 1989. p. 265
- Alpers, Edward A. (2004). "The idea of marronage: reflections on literature and politics in Réunion". Slavery & Abolition 25 (2): 18–29. doi:10.1080/014403904200293018.
- . JSTOR 161168. Missing or empty
- http://www.cairn.info/article.php?ID_ARTICLE=POUV_113_0113&AJOUTBIBLIO=POUV_113_0113 "De son côté, le parti communiste s’impose à La Réunion comme la principale formation politique après avoir abjuré son mot d’ordre d’autonomie."
- Gilles Gauvin, Le parti communiste de la Réunion (1946-2000), Vingtième Siècle. Revue d'histoire, No. 68 (Oct. - Dec., 2000), pp. 73–94