Reuven Shiloah

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Reuven Shiloah
Reuven Shiloah.jpg
Shiloah on his way to Rhodes for talks on 1949 Armistice Agreements
BornDecember 1909
Died1959 (aged 49–50)
OccupationDirector of Mossad
AwardsMedal of Courage
Espionage activity
AllegianceIsrael State of Israel
Service branchMossad
Service years1949–1952

Reuven Shiloah (Hebrew: ראובן שילוח; December 1909 – 1959) was the first Director of the Mossad from 1949 to 1953.


Reuven Zaslani (later Shiloah) was born in Ottoman-ruled Jerusalem. His father was a rabbi. Shiloah married Betty Borden of New York in 1936.

Shiloah's involvement in political and defense matters commenced before the establishment of the State of Israel. He was a close friend of David Ben-Gurion.[1] Before the 1948 Arab-Israeli War Shiloah obtained the invasion plans of the Arab League, and he began building relationships with other intelligence agencies, particularly in the West. At the urging of Shiloah, Prime Minister Ben-Gurion created the "Central Institute for Coordination" (Mossad) in December 1949 and appointed Shiloah as its first director. However, it was not until April 1, 1951 that the Mossad became operational under Shiloah because bureaucratic fighting had delayed Ben-Gurion's initial order. After his tenure at the Mossad Shiloah worked in the Israeli Embassy in Washington DC and continued serving as an advisor.


  1. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2012-06-18. Retrieved 2012-06-18.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

Further reading[edit]

  • Eshed, Haggai (1997). Reuven Shiloah – the Man Behind the Mossad; Secret Diplomacy in the Creation of Israel. Frank Cass. ISBN 0-7146-4812-4.