Revascularization

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Revascularization
ICD-9-CM 36.10, 36.2, 36.33, 36.34

In medical and surgical therapy, revascularization is the restoration of perfusion to a body part or organ that has suffered ischemia. It is typically accomplished by surgical means.[1] Vascular bypass and angioplasty are the two primary means of revascularization.

The term derives from the prefix re-, in this case meaning "restoration" and vasculature, which refers to the circulatory structures of an organ.

Revascularization involves a thorough analysis and diagnosis and treatment of the existing diseased vasculature of the affected organ, and can be aided by the use of different imaging modalities such as magnetic resonance imaging, PET scan, CT scan, and X ray fluoroscopy.[citation needed]

Applications[edit]

For coronary artery disease (ischemic heart disease), coronary artery bypass surgery and percutaneous coronary intervention (coronary balloon angioplasty) are the two primary means of revascularization.[2] When those cannot be done, transmyocardial revascularization or percutaneous myocardial revascularization, done with a laser, may be an option.

Treatment for gangrene often requires revascularization, if possible.[3] The surgery is also indicated to treat ischemic wounds (inadequate tissue perfusion) in some forms of chronic wounds, such as diabetic ulcers.[4]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Revascularization". Medical Dictionary. The Free Dictionary. Retrieved 24 March 2013. 
  2. ^ Kalyanasundaram, Arun (April 5, 2012). "Comparison of Revascularization Procedures in Coronary Artery Disease". Drugs, Diseases, and Procedures. Medscape. Retrieved 2017-11-10. 
  3. ^ Mills JL, Sr; Conte, MS; Armstrong, DG; Pomposelli, FB; Schanzer, A; Sidawy, AN; Andros, G; Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Guidelines, Committee (January 2014). "The Society for Vascular Surgery Lower Extremity Threatened Limb Classification System: risk stratification based on wound, ischemia, and foot infection (WIfI)". Journal of vascular surgery. 59 (1): 220–34.e1–2. doi:10.1016/j.jvs.2013.08.003. PMID 24126108. 
  4. ^ Gottrup F (May 2004). "A specialized wound-healing center concept: importance of a multidisciplinary department structure and surgical treatment facilities in the treatment of chronic wounds". Am. J. Surg. 187 (5A): 38S–43S. doi:10.1016/S0002-9610(03)00303-9. PMID 15147991. Retrieved 2008-07-21.