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Revati Hindu Lady.jpg
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  • Kakudmi (father)
Ulmuka [1], Sasirekha

In Hindu scriptures, Revati (रेवती) was daughter of King Kakudmi and consort of Balarama,[2] the elder brother of Krishna. Her account is given within a number of Puranic texts such as Mahabharata and Bhagavata Purana. Vishnu Purana narrates the tale of Revati.

Revati was the only daughter of Kakudmi. Feeling that no human could prove to be good enough to marry his lovely and talented daughter, Kakudmi took Revati with him to Brahmaloka—abode of Brahma.

When they arrived, Brahma was listening to a musical performance by the Gandharvas, so they waited patiently until the performance was finished. Then, Kakudmi bowed humbly, made his request and presented his shortlist of candidates. Brahma laughed loudly and explained that time runs differently on different planes of existence and that during the short time they had waited in Brahmaloka to see him, 27 chatur-yugas had passed on Earth and all the candidates had died long ago.[3] Brahma added that Kakudmi was now alone as his friends, ministers, servants, wives, kinsmen, armies and treasures had now vanished from Earth and he should soon bestow his daughter to a husband as Kali Yuga was near.[4]

Kakudmi was overcome with astonishment and alarm at this news.[4] However, Brahma comforted him and added that Vishnu the Preserver was currently on Earth in the forms of Krishna and Balarama and he recommended Balarama as a worthy husband for Revati.

Kakudmi and Revati then returned to earth, which they regarded as having left only just a short while ago. They were shocked by the changes that had taken place. Not only had the landscape and environment changed, but over the intervening 27 chatur-yugas, in the cycles of human spiritual and cultural evolution, mankind was at a lower level of development than in their own time. The Bhagavata Purana describes that they found the race of men had become "dwindled in stature, reduced in vigour, and enfeebled in intellect."

Kakudmi and Revati found Balarama and proposed the marriage. Because she was from an earlier yuga, Revati was far taller and larger than her husband-to-be, but Balarama, tapped his plough (his characteristic weapon) on her head or shoulder and she shrunk to the normal height of people in Balarama's age. The marriage was then celebrated.

Revati bore her husband sons, Nishatha and Ulmuka and daughter, Sasirekha. Nishatha and Ulmuka were killed in the Yadu fratricidal war after which Balarama also ended his earthly incarnation in meditation by the sea.[5] At his funeral ceremony, Revati ascended onto his funeral pyre and was immolated with him.[6]

Notes and references[edit]

  1. ^
  2. ^ Revati. "Daughter of King Raivata and wife of Balarama."
  3. ^ Bhag-P, 9.3.32 (see texts 29-32)
  4. ^ a b Vishnu-Purana (see Book IV, chap I)
  5. ^ Bhag-P 11.30.26 Archived 2007-03-26 at the Wayback Machine
  6. ^ Sita Agarwal. Genocide of Women in Hinduism. „Revati also embracing the corpse of Rama, entered the blazing pile, which was cool to her, happy in contact with her lord.”