Revelation 13:16-14:4 on Papyrus 47 from the third century.
|Book||Book of Revelation|
|Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Bible part||27|
Revelation 21 is the twenty-first chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate.
- The original text is written in Koine Greek.
- Some of the oldest manuscripts containing this chapter are:
- The Book of Revelation is missing from Codex Vaticanus (ca. AD 300–325)  and this chapter is missing from Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (ca. AD 450).
- This chapter is divided into 27 verses.
- Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea.
Non-conformist minister Alexander Maclaren interprets "a new heaven and a new earth" as meaning "a renovated condition of humanity" and suggests that "and the sea is no more" is "probably ... to be taken in a symbolic sense, as shadowing forth the absence of unruly power, of mysterious and hostile forces, of estranging gulfs of separation". Referring to the island of Patmos where the writer experienced his vision, Maclaren continues, "The sad and solitary and estranging ocean that raged around his little rock sanctuary has passed away for ever".
- Then I, [John], saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.
- And He said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give of the fountain of the water of life freely to him who thirsts.
- The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.
- But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.
- Alpha and Omega
- John's vision of the Son of Man
- Names and titles of Jesus in the New Testament
- Other related Bible parts: Revelation 1, Revelation 19
- Davids, Peter H (1982). I Howard Marshall and W Ward Gasque, ed. New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Epistle of James (Repr. ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802823882.
- Evans, Craig A (2005). Craig A Evans, ed. Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John, Hebrews-Revelation. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. ISBN 0781442281.
- F. L. Cross, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), 45
- Claremont Coptic Encyclopaedia, Codex Vaticanus, accessed 29 September 2018
- Revelation 21:1
- Maclaren, A., MacLaren: Expositions of Holy Scripture on Revelation 21, accessed 16 December 2018
- Revelation 21:2
- BibleGateway.com, Revelation 21:2 in various translations
- Revelation 21:6
- Revelation 21:14
- Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Revelation 21, accessed 17 December 2018
- Revelation 21:27