Revelation 21

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Revelation 21
Papyrus 47 Rev 13,16-14.4.jpg
Revelation 13:16-14:4 on Papyrus 47 from the third century.
BookBook of Revelation
Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Bible part27

Revelation 21 is the twenty-first chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle,[1][2] but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate.[3]


Verse 1[edit]

New King James Version

Now I saw a new heaven and a new earth, for the first heaven and the first earth had passed away. Also there was no more sea.[5]

Non-conformist minister Alexander Maclaren interprets "a new heaven and a new earth" as meaning "a renovated condition of humanity" and suggests that "and the sea is no more" is "probably ... to be taken in a symbolic sense, as shadowing forth the absence of unruly power, of mysterious and hostile forces, of estranging gulfs of separation". Referring to the island of Patmos where the writer experienced his vision, Maclaren continues, "The sad and solitary and estranging ocean that raged around his little rock sanctuary has passed away for ever".[6]

Verse 2[edit]

New King James Version

Then I, [John], saw the holy city, New Jerusalem, coming down out of heaven from God, prepared as a bride adorned for her husband.[7]

The name John appears in the King James Version and New King James Version but is generally omitted in other English translations.[8]

Verse 6[edit]

New King James Version

And He said to me, “It is done! I am the Alpha and the Omega, the Beginning and the End. I will give of the fountain of the water of life freely to him who thirsts.[9]

Verse 14[edit]

New King James Version

The wall of the city had twelve foundations, and on them were the names of the twelve apostles of the Lamb.[10]

W H Simcox, in the Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges, observes that St John the Apostle (if he was the author) "does not notice his own name being written there".[11]

Verse 27[edit]

New King James Version

But there shall by no means enter it anything that defiles, or causes an abomination or a lie, but only those who are written in the Lamb’s Book of Life.[12]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Davids, Peter H (1982). I Howard Marshall and W Ward Gasque, ed. New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Epistle of James (Repr. ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802823882.
  2. ^ Evans, Craig A (2005). Craig A Evans, ed. Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John, Hebrews-Revelation. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. ISBN 0781442281.
  3. ^ F. L. Cross, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), 45
  4. ^ Claremont Coptic Encyclopaedia, Codex Vaticanus, accessed 29 September 2018
  5. ^ Revelation 21:1
  6. ^ Maclaren, A., MacLaren: Expositions of Holy Scripture on Revelation 21, accessed 16 December 2018
  7. ^ Revelation 21:2
  8. ^, Revelation 21:2 in various translations
  9. ^ Revelation 21:6
  10. ^ Revelation 21:14
  11. ^ Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Revelation 21, accessed 17 December 2018
  12. ^ Revelation 21:27

External links[edit]