Revelation 1:13-2:1 on the verso side of Papyrus 98 from the second century.
|Book||Book of Revelation|
|Christian Bible part||New Testament|
|Order in the Christian part||27|
Revelation 7 is the seventh chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle, but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate. This chapter contains the writer's vision of "the Four Angels of the Four Winds", the sealing of the 144,000 and the "Praise of the Great Multitude of the Redeemed".
Some earliest manuscripts containing this chapter are:
- Papyrus 115 (ca. AD 275; extant verses 8-9)
- Codex Sinaiticus (330-360)
- Codex Alexandrinus (400-440)
- Codex Ephraemi Rescriptus (ca. 450; extant verses 1-13)
- I saw four angels standing at the four corners of the earth, holding the four winds of the earth, that the wind should not blow on the earth, on the sea, or on any tree.
"Holding" is interpreted as "holding back" the winds. The noncomformist biblical commentator Matthew Henry suggests that "the blowing of the four winds together means a dreadful and general destruction". The Septuagint and Vulgate versions of Zechariah 6:5 refers to "the four winds of heaven", although the King James Version and many other translations refer to "the four spirits of the heavens". The Pulpit Commentary suggests that translation as "the four winds" is "doubtless correct": "the winds are supposed to be God's servants, waiting his pleasure to be sent forth on his errands". Jamieson, Fausset and Brown relate the holding back of judgment to the plea given to the saints on the opening of the fifth seal in Revelation 6:
- “How long, O Lord, holy and true, until You judge and avenge our blood on those who dwell on the earth?” Then a white robe was given to each of them; and it was said to them that they should rest a little while longer ...
English clergyman John Keble uses the image in his poem, All Saints Day:
- The four strong winds of Heaven fast bound.
- And I heard the number of those who were sealed. One hundred and forty-four thousand of all the tribes of the children of Israel were sealed.
- After these things I looked, and behold, a great multitude which no one could number, of all nations, tribes, peoples, and tongues, standing before the throne and before the Lamb, clothed with white robes, with palm branches in their hands,
- “Amen! Blessing and glory and wisdom,
- Thanksgiving and honor and power and might,
- Be to our God forever and ever.
- And I said to him, “Sir, you know.”
- So he said to me, “These are the ones who come out of the great tribulation, and washed their robes and made them white in the blood of the Lamb.
- They shall neither hunger anymore nor thirst anymore; the sun shall not strike them, nor any heat;
- For the Lamb who is in the midst of the throne will shepherd them and lead them to living fountains of waters. And God will wipe away every tear from their eyes.”
- Jesus Christ
- John's vision of the Son of Man
- Judah (biblical person)
- Names and titles of Jesus in the New Testament
- Related Bible parts: Revelation 5, Revelation 6
- Davids, Peter H (1982). I Howard Marshall and W Ward Gasque (ed.). New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Epistle of James (Repr. ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802823882.
- Evans, Craig A (2005). Craig A Evans (ed.). Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John, Hebrews-Revelation. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. ISBN 0781442281.
- F. L. Cross, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), 45
- Simcox, W. H.,Cambridge Bible for Schools and Colleges on Revelation 7, accessed 19 October 2018
- Claremont Coptic Encyclopaedia, Codex Vaticanus, accessed 29 September 2018
- Revelation 7:1 NKJV
- For examples, English Standard Version, New International Version
- Henry, M., Matthew Henry's Concise Commentary on Revelation 7, accessed 22 October 2018
- Pulpit Commentary on Zechariah 6, accessed 24 October 2018
- Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary on Revelation 7, accessed 24 October 2018
- Keble, J., Extracts from The Christian Year: All Saints’ Day, accessed 24 October 2018
- Revelation 7:4
- Revelation 7:9
- Buls, H. H., Revelation 7:9-17 - The Great White Host, accessed 21 October 2018
- Revelation 7:14
- Revelation 7:16
- Revelation 7:17
This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gill, John. Exposition of the Entire Bible (1746-1763).