Revelation 9

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Revelation 9
Papyrus 98 (Rev 1,13-2.1).JPG
Revelation 1:13-2:1 on the verso side of Papyrus 98 from the second century.
BookBook of Revelation
CategoryApocalypse
Christian Bible partNew Testament
Order in the Christian part27

Revelation 9 is the ninth chapter of the Book of Revelation or the Apocalypse of John in the New Testament of the Christian Bible. The book is traditionally attributed to John the Apostle,[1][2] but the precise identity of the author remains a point of academic debate.[3] In this chapter, the next two angels' trumpets are sounded, following the sounding of the first four trumpets in chapter 8.[4] These two trumpets and the final trumpet, sounded in chapter 11, are sometimes called the "woe trumpets".[5]

Text[edit]

The original text was written in Koine Greek. This chapter is divided into 21 verses.

Some early manuscripts containing this chapter are:

Note: The Book of Revelation is missing from Codex Vaticanus.[6]

The Fifth Trumpet (9:1–11)[edit]

The seven angels with seven trumpets, and the angel with a censer, from the Bamberg Apocalypse.

Verse 1[edit]

Then the fifth angel sounded: And I saw a star fallen from heaven to the earth. To him was given the key to the bottomless pit.[7]

English nonconformist Moses Lowman explains that "stars, in the language of prophecy, signify angels.[8]

"The key to the bottomless pit" (Greek: ἡ κλεὶς τοῦ φρέατος τῆς ἀβύσσου, hē kleis tou phreatos tēs abyssou) is translated as "the key to the shaft of the Abyss" in the New International Version.

Verse 3[edit]

Then out of the smoke locusts came upon the earth. And to them was given power, as the scorpions of the earth have power.[9]

These locusts are 'a demonized version of the army of locusts in Joel 2:1-11'.[10]

Verse 4[edit]

They were commanded not to harm the grass of the earth, or any green thing, or any tree [11]

Early Methodist theologian Joseph Benson says that this instruction "demonstrates that they were not natural but symbolical locusts".[12]

Verse 11[edit]

And they had as king over them the angel of the bottomless pit, whose name in Hebrew is Abaddon, but in Greek he has the name Apollyon.[13][14]

The Vulgate adds a Latin equivalent, latine habens nomen Exterminans, which the Wycliffe Bible explains as "Destroyer". The latter also describes the angel as "the angel of deepness".[15]

The Sixth Trumpet (9:12–21)[edit]

Verse 16[edit]

Now the number of the army of the horsemen was two hundred million; I heard the number of them.[16]

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Davids, Peter H (1982). I Howard Marshall and W Ward Gasque (ed.). New International Greek Testament Commentary: The Epistle of James (Repr. ed.). Grand Rapids, Mich.: Eerdmans. ISBN 0802823882.
  2. ^ Evans, Craig A (2005). Craig A Evans (ed.). Bible Knowledge Background Commentary: John, Hebrews-Revelation. Colorado Springs, Colo.: Victor. ISBN 0781442281.
  3. ^ F. L. Cross, The Oxford Dictionary of the Christian Church, (New York: Oxford University Press, 1997), 45
  4. ^ Bauckham 2007, p. 1289.
  5. ^ Barnes, A., Barnes' Notes on Revelation 9, accessed 29 October 2018
  6. ^ Claremont Coptic Encyclopaedia, Codex Vaticanus, accessed 29 September 2018
  7. ^ Revelation 9:1 NKJV
  8. ^ Lowman, M., Paraphrase and Notes upon the Revelation of St. John (1737, 1745; 1791, 1807), quoted by Joseph Benson in Benson Commentary on Revelation 9, accessed 31 October 2018
  9. ^ Revelation 9:3 KJV
  10. ^ Bauckham 2007, p. 1295.
  11. ^ Revelation 9:4 KJV
  12. ^ Benson, J., Benson Commentary on Revelation 9, accessed 31 October 2018
  13. ^ Revelation 9:11 NKJV
  14. ^ John Gill's Exposition of the Entire Bible - Revelation 9:11
  15. ^ Revelation 9:11: Wycliffe Bible
  16. ^ Revelation 9:16 NKJV

Bibliography[edit]

This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: Gill, John. Exposition of the Entire Bible (1746-1763).

External links[edit]