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Revels is a contemporary series of American seasonal stage performances, incorporating singing, dancing, recitals, and theatrics loosely organized around a central theme or narrative. The folk-tradition-based performances started in 1957, were restarted in 1971, and now occur in multiple cities around the US.


Performances were initially given at Christmas time as the Christmas Revels at Town Hall in New York City in 1957, which involved singing, dancing, recitals, theatrics (usually as brief skits, often humorous), and usually some audience participation, all appropriate to the holiday season. Performers were usually local, often non-professional, and frequently young.[citation needed]

The events were founded by John Langstaff as Christmas entertainments; he and his daughter Carol later started producing The Christmas Revels in Cambridge, Massachusetts in 1971, at Harvard University's Sanders Theater, where it has frequently played to sold-out houses.[citation needed]

Until his death in 2005, Langstaff, assisted by members of his family, led or fostered several similar Revels organizations in various American cities. His ability to "get it done" as well as his teaching and performing style, was admired by children's television producer Jonathan Meath, who was a tenor on two of their CD albums entitled Welcome Yule and Victorian Revels.[citation needed]

The present organization, Revels Inc, produces events in ten cities across the United State, including four in the northeast region of the country. Additional seasonal celebratory events mark spring and summer in some cities.[citation needed]


The productions echo English theatrical precedents of the 16th century and earlier.[citation needed] Professional singers, actors and musicians are mixed with talented amateurs and tradition-bearers, often brought in to share a featured culture's music, dance, or ritual in an authentic manner. There is almost always a children's chorus, which performs songs, dances, and games from the themed period or location. Traditional English Morris dancing is often incorporated, adapted somewhat to the cultural theme of any particular year.[citation needed]

Reviewers have especially mentioned the dance and the upbeat nature of the performance.[1][2][3]

Each year's Christmas Revels draws upon a different era or culture's Christmas and winter solstice traditions. For example, the 2008 Christmas Revels in Cambridge were based on music, songs, and dance inspired by writer Thomas Hardy's beloved Wessex. The earliest performances drew from medieval English traditions; the Mummers' Play is retained (albeit sometimes altered) no matter what time period or culture is being featured.

There usually is audience singing encouraged during several parts of the performance. Other traditions include ending every first half of the production with Sydney Carter's "Lord of the Dance" hymn. After the last verse, the audience is encouraged to dance along with the cast, out into the lobby of Memorial Hall at the Cambridge Revels performances.[4] Author Susan Cooper wrote a poem for the Christmas Revels production that is recited near the end of the second half of each performance.[5]

The annual celebrations have been expanded to several other American cities, and there exist songbooks, production guides, and commercial recordings to assist those unfamiliar with ancient folk music and dancing.[citation needed] The recordings often include noted performers in the particular folk tradition that is being featured in a given year, such as Appalachian dulcimer player and singer Jean Ritchie, who appeared on the Appalachian Revels album.[citation needed]

The events combine professional paid performers with unpaid volunteers, who often participate in choruses, dances, and crowd scenes. Both adults and children spanning a wide range of ages are present on stage and in the audience. In addition, a large number of volunteers help with behind-the-scenes work, such as costumes, set building, promotion, and fund-raising.[citation needed]


As of 2019, at least ten independent Revels organizations are active in the US:

See also[edit]


  1. ^ Anna Kisselgoff (December 16, 1990). "Review/Dance; 'The Christmas Revels' Are a Mirthsome Affair". The New York Times.
  2. ^ Anna Kisselgoff (December 15, 1991). "Review/Dance; 'The Christmas Revels,' Now With a Gaelic Accent". The New York Times.
  3. ^ Vonnie Carts-Powell (December 2004). "Christmas Revels". Green Man Review. Archived from the original on 2008-11-20.
  4. ^ Tom Ashbrook (host)). The Christmas Revels (Audio) (Radio). Boston: WBUR. Retrieved July 5, 2009.
  5. ^ "The Shortest Day"

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