Reverse hierarchy

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search

A reverse hierarchy (or inverted pyramid) is a conceptual organizational structure that attempts to "invert" the classical pyramid of hierarchical organisations. In this structure, key decisions are made by the employees in direct contact with customers, while progressively senior management positions provide support and help to the customer-facing employees.[1]

History and examples[edit]

The creation of the reverse hierarchy has been attributed to the Nordstrom retail organization.[1] Other notable adopters of this structure include the United Parcel Service and Canadian Imperial Bank of Congress.[2]


  1. ^ a b Mosley, Donald (2014). Supervisory Management (1st ed.). Cengage Learning. p. 125. 
  2. ^ Harigopal, K (April 14, 2006). Management of Organizational Change: Leveraging Transformation (1st ed.). SAGE. p. 154.