Review of Civil Litigation Costs
The Review of Civil Litigation Costs, or Jackson Review or Jackson Proposals, is a review of civil litigation costs in England and Wales conducted by Lord Justice Jackson in 2009, the final report, known as the Jackson Report, which was presented in January 2010.
The senior judiciary were concerned about the cost of civil justice in England and Wales, in particular because the costs were often disproportionate to the issues, and in late 2008 the Master of the Rolls, Lord Clarke of Stone-cum-Ebony asked Lord Justice Jackson to conduct a review into civil litigation costs.:1 The review became known as the Jackson Review.
It commenced in January 2009 and took about a year to complete, a preliminary report being published on 8 May 2009. On 14 January 2010, Jackson published the final report to the new Master of the Rolls, Lord Neuberger.
Jackson was assisted in his work by a panel of assessors comprising: :2
- Mr Justice Cranston
- Professor Paul Fenn, Head of Industrial Economics at Nottingham University Business School
- Senior Costs Judge Master Peter Hurst
- Jeremy Morgan QC
- Michael Napier QC
- Andrew Parker (who replaced Lord Hunt, who had to resign early in the review for health reasons :2)
- Colin Stutt, Head of Funding at the Legal Services Commission
The final report is 557 pages long.
The main findings and recommendations include:
- The costs system should be based on legal expenses that reflect the nature/complexity of the case.
- Success fees and after the event insurance premiums should not be recoverable in no win, no fee cases.
- General damages awards for personal injuries and other civil wrongs should be increased by 10%.
- Referral fees should be scrapped.
- Claimants should only make a small contribution to defendant costs if a claim is unsuccessful (as long as they have behaved reasonably).
- There should be fixed costs for "fast track" cases (with a claim up to £25,000).
- A Costs Council should be established to annually review fixed costs and lawyers' hourly rates.
- Lawyers should be allowed to enter into Contingency Fee Agreements.
- "Before the event’ legal insurance should be promoted.
- Lord Neuberger, Master of the Rolls
- Lord Justice Kay, Chairman of the Judicial Studies Board
- Lord Justice Moore-Bick, Deputy Head of Civil Justice
- "News Release: Jackson review calls for a package of reforms to rein in the costs of civil justice". Judicial Communications Office. 2007-01-14. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- the Right Honourable Lord Justice Jackson (December 2009). Review of Civil Litigation Costs: Final Report (PDF). Norwich: The Stationery Office. ISBN 978-0-11-706404-1. Archived from the original (pdf) on February 15, 2010. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- "Civil Litigation Costs Review". Judicial Communications Office. 2007-03-17. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- the Right Honourable Lord Justice Jackson (May 2009). Review of Civil Litigation Costs: Preliminary Report, Volume 1 (PDF). Norwich: The Stationery Office. ISBN 978-0-11-706403-4. Archived from the original (pdf) on 2010-04-06. Retrieved 2010-05-01.
- The Right Honourable Lord Justice Jackson (January 2010). Review of Civil Litigation Costs: Appendices to the Preliminary Report by Lord Justice Jackson. Norwich. ISBN 978-0-11-706403-4. Archived from the original on 2009-08-04. Retrieved 2010-05-01.