Revised English Bible
|Revised English Bible|
|Full name||Revised English Bible|
|Derived from||New English Bible|
|Textual basis||NT: Medium correspondence to Nestle-Aland Novum Testamentum Graece 27th edition, with occasional parallels to Codex Bezae. OT: Biblia Hebraica Stuttgartensia (1967/77) with Dead Sea Scrolls and Septuagint influence. Apocrypha: Septuagint with Vulgate influence.|
|Translation type||Dynamic equivalence|
|Reading level||High school|
|Copyright||Oxford University Press and Cambridge University Press 1989|
The Revised English Bible (REB) is a 1989 English-language translation of the Bible that updates the New English Bible (NEB) of 1970. As with its predecessor, it is published by the publishing houses of both the universities of Oxford and Cambridge. It is not to be confused with the Revised English Bible of 1877, which was an annotated and slightly corrected version of the King James Bible.
The REB is the result of both advances in scholarship and translation made since the 1960s and also a desire to correct what have been seen as some of the NEB's more egregious errors (for examples of changes, see the references). The changes remove many of the most idiosyncratic renderings of the NEB, moving the REB more in the direction of standard translations such as the New Revised Standard Version (NRSV) or the New International Version (NIV).
The translation is intended to be somewhat gender-inclusive, though not to the same extent as translations such as the NRSV. Psalm 1 offers an illustration of the REB's middle-ground approach to gender-inclusive language. On one side are more literal translations, such as the King James Version (KJV), Revised Standard Version (RSV), and the English Standard Version (ESV), that use the word "man" and the masculine singular pronoun in Psalm 1. The RSV/ESV, for example, read "Blessed is the man who walks not in the counsel of the wicked...; but his delight is in the law of the Lord." On the other side are more dynamic translations aiming for gender-inclusivity, such as the NRSV, that avoid exclusively masculine English nouns and pronouns. For instance, in Psalm 1, the NRSV uses plurals: "Happy are those who do not follow the advice of the wicked...; but their delight is in the law of the Lord." By comparison, the REB walks a middle path between both approaches. In Psalm 1, the REB avoids using a male noun ("man") while also retaining the masculine singular pronouns ("his"): "Happy is the one who does not take the counsel of the wicked for a guide... His delight is in the law of the Lord."
The style of the REB has been described as more "literary" than that of the NRSV or NIV. It tends slightly further in the direction of "dynamic equivalence" than those translations, but still translates Hebrew poetry as poetry and reflects at least some of the characteristics of that poetry. The REB's general accuracy and literary flavour has led Stephen Mitchell and others to compliment it as one of the best English renderings. The translators of the REB gave particular attention to its suitability for public reading, especially in the Book of Psalms.
The NEB "had a considerable British flavor" but the REB "removed much of this distinctiveness and aimed to be more accessible to an American audience".
Churches in the Anglican Communion in which the REB is authorized for liturgical use include the:
The churches and other Christian groups that sponsored the REB were:
- Baptist Union of Great Britain
- Bible Society
- Church of England
- Church of Scotland
- Council of Churches for Wales
- Irish Council of Churches
- The London Yearly Meeting of the Religious Society of Friends
- Methodist Church of Great Britain
- Moravian Church in Great Britain and Ireland
- National Bible Society of Scotland
- Roman Catholic Church in England and Wales
- Roman Catholic Church in Ireland
- Roman Catholic Church in Scotland
- Salvation Army
- United Reformed Church
Revision committee members
Director of revision: William Duff McHardy
Revisers: G. W. Anderson; R. S. Barbour; I. P. M. Brayley; M. Brewster; S. P. Brock; G. B. Caird; P. Ellingworth; R. P. Gordon; M. D. Hooker; A. A. Macintosh; W. McKane; I. H. Marshall; R. A. Mason; I. Moir; R. Murray; E. W. Nicholson; C. H. Roberts; R. B. Salters; P. C. H. Wernberg-Moller; M. F. Wiles
- Revised English Bible. The Holy Bible According to the Authorised Version, compared with the Hebrew and Greek Texts and Carefully Revised. London: Eyre & Spottiswood. 1877.
- Coggan 1989, p. viii.
- "A Brief Description of Popular Bible Translations". American Bible Society. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
- The Canons of the General Convention of the Episcopal Church: Canon 2: Of Translations of the Bible at the Wayback Machine (archived 16 June 2015)
- Versions of Scripture at the Wayback Machine (archived 14 November 2011)
- "List of Bible Versions Approved by the House of Bishops for use in Public Worship in the Anglican Church of Canada, on Recommendation from the Doctrine and Worship Committee" (PDF). anglican.ca. Retrieved 1 May 2019.
- Suggs, Sakenfeld & Mueller 1992, p. xvii.
- Coggan, Donald (1989). "Preface". The Revised English Bible. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-7982-0884-0.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Marlowe, Michael D. (1989). "The Revised English Bible (1989)". Bible Research. Retrieved 24 September 2014.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Suggs, M. Jack; Sakenfeld, Katharine Doob; Mueller, James R., eds. (1992). The Oxford Study Bible: Revised English Bible with the Apocrypha. New York: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-529000-4.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
- Coleman, Roger (1989). New Light and Truth: The Making of the Revised English Bible. Oxford: Oxford University Press. ISBN 978-0-19-101441-3.
- ——— (2008). "A Contemporary Bible". English Today. 5 (4): 3–8. doi:10.1017/S0266078400004260. ISSN 0266-0784.
- Elliott, J. K. (1991). "Review of The Revised English Bible with Apocrypha and New Light and Truth: The Making of the Revised English Bible by Roger Coleman". Novum Testamentum. 33 (2): 182–185. doi:10.1163/156853691X00213. ISSN 1568-5365. JSTOR 1561489.