Revivim

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Revivim
רְבִיבִים
رفيفيم
Avenue Revivim.jpg
Etymology: Rainshowers
Revivim is located in Northern Negev region of Israel
Revivim
Revivim
Revivim is located in Israel
Revivim
Revivim
Coordinates: 31°2′37″N 34°43′16″E / 31.04361°N 34.72111°E / 31.04361; 34.72111Coordinates: 31°2′37″N 34°43′16″E / 31.04361°N 34.72111°E / 31.04361; 34.72111
Country Israel
DistrictSouthern
CouncilRamat HaNegev
AffiliationKibbutz Movement
Founded7 July 1943
Founded byAustrianItalian and German Noar HaOved Member Refugees
Population
 (2019)[1]
1,075
Websitewww.revivim.org.il

Revivim (Hebrew: רְבִיבִים, lit.'(rain) showers') is a kibbutz in the Negev desert in southern Israel. Located around half an hour south of Beersheba, it falls under the jurisdiction of Ramat HaNegev Regional Council. In 2019 it had a population of 1,075.[1]

History[edit]

1943 establishment[edit]

The community was formed in 1943 in Rishon LeZion by help of UK government and young Jewish refugees (olim) from Austria, Italy and Germany, all of whom were members of HaNoar HaOved VeHaLomed who had been educated at kibbutz Givat Brenner.

The kibbutz itself was established on 7 July 1943 as one of the three lookouts, and was initially named Tel HaTzofim (lit. Scout's hill). It was later renamed Revivim by Berl Katznelson after the magazine edited by Yosef Haim Brenner (for whom Givat Brenner was named), and its name is also taken from the Bible, Psalm 65:11: "You (Lord) ... level its ridges, you soften it with showers."[2]

1948 war[edit]

During the 1948 Arab–Israeli War, Revivim fell behind Egyptian lines for several months. Members of the kibbutz lived in underground dugouts, and received food supplies by air and convoys that ran the Egyptian battle lines. Thirty members of the kibbutz survived the war, while eight were killed in raids and pitched battles with Egyptian forces.[3]

Mizpe Revivim 1948 museum[edit]

Near the kibbutz stands Mizpe Revivim (lit. Revivim lookout), a museum depicting the history of the "lookout" observer points and the events of the 1948 war in the northern Negev.[4]

Economy[edit]

Revivim's economy is based on agriculture, including olive groves (irrigated with brackish water),[5] a large dairy farm and a chicken hatchery. Aside from agriculture, Revivim has interests in a variety of industries including an injection moulding company ("Raviv") and a company that designs and produces valves for automotive fuel systems ("Raval"). [6]

Notable people[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Population in the Localities 2019" (XLS). Israel Central Bureau of Statistics. Retrieved 16 August 2020.
  2. ^ Carta's Official Guide to Israel and Complete Gazetteer to all Sites in the Holy Land. (3rd edition 1993) Jerusalem, Carta, p.400, ISBN 965-220-186-3 (English)
  3. ^ Douglas, William O. (1951). Strange Lands and Friendly People. New York, New York: Harper & Brothers. p. 287.
  4. ^ Here You'll find more information about Mizpe Revivim.
  5. ^ Making Oil from Water; Negev Economy Thrives As Israeli Farmers Use JNF Water and Technology
  6. ^ Background on Kibbutz Revivim

External links[edit]