Revolutionary Communist Party, USA
New synthesis of communism
|International affiliation||None (formerly the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement)|
The Revolutionary Communist Party, USA (RCP, USA) or RevCom is a political party in the United States led by Bob Avakian, the Chairman of the RCP, USA since its founding in 1975. The party organizes for a communist revolution.
Avakian's new synthesis of communism is the RCP's ideological and political foundation and framework. In the 1980s and 1990s, the RCP was a part of the now-defunct Revolutionary Internationalist Movement, an international grouping of Maoist parties. The RIM published A World to Win news service from 1981–2006, but since its dissolution the publication is now updated on the Revcom website. The Communist Party of Iran (Marxist–Leninist–Maoist), an affiliated organization, endorsed and upholds the New Synthesis. During this time, the RCP mounted the October 22 Coalition to End Police Brutality. In 2005, party member Sunsara Taylor formed the anti-war group The World Can't Wait in response to the U.S. invasion of Iraq. In 2012, she led the group Stop Patriarchy, a coalition to end "the enslavement and degradation of women". The RCP's national spokesperson Carl Dix co-initiated The Stop Mass Incarceration Network in 2014 with Dr. Cornel West to end "the slow genocide" of police brutality and the prison system. Later that year, Cornel West and Bob Avakian took part in a filmed discussion on "Religion and Revolution". In December 2016, party members and others co-founded Refuse Fascism, a coalition group opposed to the presidency of Donald Trump.
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Avakian was one of many activists who in the 1960s turned to communist ideas and began organizing in the Bay Area of California. Avakaian along with H. Bruce Franklin and Stephen Charles Hamilton formed the Bay Area Revolutionary Union, which was subsequently able to absorb a series of similar local collectives which had developed out of Students for a Democratic Society. The new nationwide structure allowed BARU to change its name to simply the Revolutionary Union. The RCP claims that of the various groups coming out of SDS, it was the first to seriously attempt to develop itself both at the theoretical level, with the publication of "Red Papers 1". This turn to 1970s "point of production" organizing was a broader phenomenon which was expanded throughout the Midwest and into the Appalachian coal fields during the wildcat upsurges[unreliable source?] through 1980.
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Such rapid expansion was not without its problems and in 1971 H. Bruce and Jane Franklin led a section of the RU to fuse with the Venceremos Organization, advocating immediate urban guerrilla warfare and then dissolving shortly thereafter. Tensions over this "workerist" tendency came to a head within the RCP in 1977 around whether China remained a communist country after the death of Mao Zedong and subsequent leadership struggles in China between the Gang of Four and Hua Guofeng. Avakian declared that there had been a coup in China following Mao's death and the new Chinese leadership was taking China on a capitalist road. The RCP's Vice Chairman, Mickey Jarvis, along with an estimated 30–40% of the membership and most of the Revolutionary Student Brigade formally left the RCP to form the Revolutionary Workers Headquarters.
Avakian's leadership – A Contended Question
The RCP has said that there are two mainstays of its work: the role of the party press and building a culture of "appreciation, promotion and popularization" of Bob Avakian and his body of work, method and approach, "along with a whole ensemble of Communist work which is necessary to the bringing forward of a revolutionary people—including building "massive political resistance to the main ways in which, at any given time, the exploitative and oppressive nature of this system is concentrated in the policies and actions of the ruling class and its institutions and agencies" and solving the problems of how to involve the masses in "meaningful revolutionary work".
A number of groups and others have charged that the RCP has created a cult of personality around Avakian, with dissenting voices that split from and around the organization. The RCP has been open about the split and why. One, represented by the "official" line of the party and concentrated in the new synthesis Avakian was championing, and expressed in the party's newspaper (the Revolutionary Worker, now Revolution). The other, opposed the new synthesis and revolutionary-communist line, was becoming predominant on all levels of the party and "objectively, [this] amounted to abandoning the outlook and aims of the communist revolution, accommodating to the system of imperialism and settling for, at most, reforms within this horrific system".
The Revolutionary Communist Party organizes for a communist revolution. As a part of this effort, they have united with different people and organizations demand that the "Trump-Pence Regime Must go, Nov 4th It begins"  The organization releases daily update online and a periodic print edition of its newspaper, Revolution (formerly called Revolutionary Worker, 1979–2005) which is published in English and Spanish and has been published continuously since 1979.
- "The New Synthesis Of Communism: Fundamental Orientation, Method And Approach And Core Elements—An Outline". Retrieved September 26, 2017.
- "The New Synthesis Of Communism: Fundamental Orientation, Method And Approach, And Core Elements". revcom.us. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
- "The World Can't Wait! Stop the crimes of your government". WorldCantWait.net. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
- "End Pornography and Patriarchy: The Enslavement and Degradation of Women". Revcom.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
- "About The Stop Mass Incarceration Network". StopPoliceTerror.org. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
- "Stop Mass Incarceration!". Revcom.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
- "Revolution and Religion: The Fight for Emancipation and the Role of Religion". Revcom.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
- "In the Name of Humanity, We Refuse To Accept a Fascist America". Revcom.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017.
- Hamilton, Steve. "On the History of the Revolutionary Union". Theoretical Review No. 13, November–December 1979.
- "Red Papers 1". Originally published by the Bay Area Revolutionary Union, now available online thanks to Marxists.org's Encyclopedia of Anti-Revisionism On-Line project. Spring 1969.
- Ely, Mike. "Ambush at Keystone: Inside the Coalminers' Gas Protest" (PDF). Kasama Project.
- "Observations by a Reader on the RCP's Response to Mike Ely's Nine Letters". Revolution #135. revcom.us. July 13, 2008.
- "The Kasama Project and the Mass Line". www.massline.info. Retrieved September 26, 2017.
- "Communism: The Beginning Of A New Stage
A Manifesto from the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA". revcom.us. September 2008.
- "Why We Have Taken Up the Fight to Build Refuse Fascism and to Drive Out the Trump/Pence Fascist Regime - A Statement from the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA". Retrieved September 26, 2017.
- Ely, Mike. "9 Letters to Our Comrades: Getting Beyond Avakian's New Synthesis". December 2007.
- Wright, Liam. "On the Revolutionary Communist Party, USA: Criticizing a Residue of the Past". November 2010.
- H., Scott. "The RCP and the Mass Line". Massline.info.
- Gordon, Eric (September 2005). "The Maoist cultism of the RCP is anti-Marxist". Communist Voice Organization.
- Seattle, Ben (January 2005). "Hysteria about "fascism" serves to hide the essential role of the Democratic Party in the political and economic system of imperialism".