Revolutionary Communist Party, USA

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to: navigation, search
Revolutionary Communist Party, USA
Founded 1975
Headquarters Chicago, Illinois
Ideology New synthesis of communism[1]
Marxism–Leninism–Maoism
Revolutionary communism
Anti-fascism
Political position Far-left
International affiliation None (formerly the Revolutionary Internationalist Movement)
Website
www.revcom.us

The Revolutionary Communist Party, USA (RCP, USA) is a far-left political party in the United States founded in 1975 and led by its chairman Bob Avakian. Coming out of the New Communist movement, the party organizes for a revolution in the United States. Avakian's new synthesis of communism[2] is the RCP's ideological framework and political foundation, which it considers a scientific advancement of Marxism–Leninism–Maoism. The RCP is notable for its various coalition groups focusing on a number of specific political issues, such as anti-imperialism, women's liberation, anti-racism, and anti-fascism.[3][4][5]

In the 1980s and 1990s, the RCP was a part of the now-defunct Revolutionary Internationalist Movement (RIM), an international grouping of Maoist parties. The RIM published A World to Win news service from 1981 to 2006, but since its dissolution the publication is now updated on the RCP website.

During this time, the RCP mounted the October 22 Coalition to End Police Brutality. In 2005, it formed the anti-war group The World Can't Wait[6] in response to the American invasion of Iraq. In 2012, party member Sunsara Taylor led the group Stop Patriarchy, a coalition responding to the war on women.[7] The RCP's national spokesperson Carl Dix co-initiated The Stop Mass Incarceration Network in 2014 with Cornel West[8] as a response to police brutality.[9] Later that year, Cornel West and Bob Avakian took part in a filmed discussion on "Religion and Revolution".[10]

Origins[edit]

In the 1960s, Avakian along with H. Bruce Franklin and Stephen Charles Hamilton[11] formed the Bay Area Revolutionary Union (BARU), which was subsequently able to absorb a series of similar local collectives which had developed out of Students for a Democratic Society (SDS). The new nationwide structure allowed BARU to change its name to simply the Revolutionary Union (RU). The RCP claims that of the various groups coming out of SDS, it was the first to seriously attempt to develop itself both at the theoretical level, with the publication of Red Papers 1.[12] This turn to 1970s "point of production" organizing was a broader phenomenon which was expanded throughout the Midwest and into the Appalachian coal fields during the wildcat upsurges[13][unreliable source?] through 1980.[original research?]

Bob Avakian's leadership[edit]

A number of Maoist groups and others have charged that the RCP has created a cult of personality around Bob Avakian.[14] Mic has called it "a communist doomsday cult that is obsessed with Avakian".[15] Alternatively, San Francisco Chronicle has written of Avakian as “the marathon man of the international anti-imperialist struggle".[16] Responding to the detractors, party member Sunsara Taylor has said: "The idea of 'cult of personality', or skewering people without bringing substance to what we're confronting, is part of a snark culture that’s very destructive".[15]

The party today[edit]

The RCP releases daily updates online and a periodic print edition of its weekly newspaper, Revolution (formerly called Revolutionary Worker, 1979–2005) which is published in English and Spanish and has been published continuously since 1979.

In December 2016, party members and others co-initiated Refuse Fascism, a coalition group opposed to the presidency of Donald Trump.[17] The statement was used by InfoWars and other far-right conspiracy theory websites to claim that RCP and Refuse Fascism were organizing a military overthrow of the government on November 4, 2017.[18] Several anti-Trump protest marches were organized for that day, which passed without incident.[19][15]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "The New Synthesis Of Communism: Fundamental Orientation, Method And Approach And Core Elements—An Outline". Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  2. ^ "The New Synthesis Of Communism: Fundamental Orientation, Method And Approach, And Core Elements". revcom.us. Retrieved September 26, 2017. 
  3. ^ "End Pornography and Patriarchy: The Enslavement and Degradation of Women". Revcom.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  4. ^ "Stop Mass Incarceration!". Revcom.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  5. ^ "The World Can't Wait! Stop the crimes of your government". WorldCantWait.net. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  6. ^ "The World Can't Wait! Stop the crimes of your government". WorldCantWait.net. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  7. ^ "End Pornography and Patriarchy: The Enslavement and Degradation of Women". Revcom.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  8. ^ "About The Stop Mass Incarceration Network". StopPoliceTerror.org. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  9. ^ "Stop Mass Incarceration!". Revcom.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  10. ^ "Revolution and Religion: The Fight for Emancipation and the Role of Religion". Revcom.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  11. ^ Hamilton, Steve. "On the History of the Revolutionary Union". Theoretical Review No. 13, November–December 1979. 
  12. ^ "Red Papers 1". Originally published by the Bay Area Revolutionary Union, now available online thanks to Marxists.org's Encyclopedia of Anti-Revisionism On-Line project. Spring 1969. 
  13. ^ Ely, Mike. "Ambush at Keystone: Inside the Coalminers' Gas Protest" (PDF). Kasama Project. 
  14. ^ Weir (2007). "Maoism". In Weir, Robert. Class in America: H-P. Greenwood. p. 492. ISBN 978-0313337192. Retrieved 6 March 2018. 
  15. ^ a b c Smith, Jack IV (November 2, 2017). "The far-right thinks a violent antifa overthrow is coming Nov. 4, but the truth is far stranger". Mic.com. Retrieved November 3, 2017. 
  16. ^ https://m.sfgate.com/bayarea/article/Berkeley-Memoir-follows-author-s-road-to-2676772.php
  17. ^ "In the Name of Humanity, We Refuse To Accept a Fascist America". Revcom.us. Retrieved December 29, 2017. 
  18. ^ Hayden, Michael Edison (11 October 2017). "'Antifa' waging civil war on November 4, according to right wing conspiracy". Newsweek. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 
  19. ^ Strickland, Patrick (4 November 2017). "Far-right conspiracies fizzle amid anti-Trump rallies". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 13 February 2018. 

External links[edit]

Further reading[edit]

Critical opinions[edit]