Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist–Leninist)
|Headquarters||John Buckle Centre,
170 Wandsworth Road,
London SW8 2LA
|Newspaper||Workers Daily [online]
Workers Weekly [online]
The Revolutionary Communist Party of Britain (Marxist–Leninist) (RCPB-ML) is a small British Communist political party. It was named the Communist Party of England (Marxist-Leninist) on initial formation in 1972, until it was reorganised in 1979 after rejecting Maoism and aligning with Albania. The party's thinking is based on the politics of Hardial Bains, who travelled the world founding anti-revisionist communist parties.
Like other Bains-inspired parties, the then CPE(ML) took the Chinese side in the Sino-Soviet split, thus being endorsed by Albania, allied at the time with Maoist China, and opposing both the capitalist West and the Soviet bloc in accordance with the Three Worlds Theory promoted by Beijing. However, during the deterioration in Sino-Albanian relations, it increasingly sided with Hoxha. The CPE(ML) developed party to party relations with the Party of Labour of Albania and renounced China as revisionist.
In 1973 the CPE(ML) put forward 2 candidates in parliamentary by-elections, and in 1974 stood in 6 constituencies in the February general election and 8 seats in the October general election. Their highest recorded vote was 612 (1.2%) in Portsmouth South during the second 1974 general election.
In 1974 the CPE(ML) lost around a tenth of its membership following the expulsion of Aravindan Balakrishnan and an associated group accused of "conspiratorial and splittist activities and.. social fascist slanders against the Party and the proletarian movement"; the group became the Workers' Institute of Marxism-Leninism-Mao Tsetung Thought.
The RCPML is closely related to the Communist Party of Canada (Marxist-Leninist) and has good relations with the New Communist Party of Britain. It produces an internet newspaper called Workers' Daily Internet Edition (WDIE), and has a bookshop in south London named John Buckle Books (named after the RCPB(ML) founding general secretary). It has been active in promoting solidarity with North Korea. In 2004, the party declared electoral support for the Respect Coalition, but now calls for an end to the system that brings parties to power and calls on workers' and peoples' collectives to intervene directly in the political process. The party has a system of collective leadership; its National Leader is Chris Coleman and its General Secretary is Michael Chant. The party's logo is a black hammer and sickle within a yellow star on a red background.
|Manchester Exchange by-election, 1973||Pushkin, RuthRuth Pushkin||109||1.1||4|
|Hove by-election, 1973||Reakes, CaroleCarole Reakes||128||0.3||5|
February 1974 UK general election
|Battersea North||Reakes, CaroleCarole Reakes||208||0.7||4|
|Birmingham Handsworth||Thompson, S.S. Thompson||334||1.0||4|
|Brighton Kemptown||Buckle, JohnJohn Buckle||170||0.3||4|
|Lambeth Central||Brome, Ekins DentonEkins Denton Brome||107||0.4||5|
|Manchester Moss Side||Pushkin, RuthRuth Pushkin||206||0.6||4|
|Portsmouth South||Rifkin, A. D.A. D. Rifkin||394||0.7||4|
October 1974 UK general election
|Battersea North||Reakes, CaroleCarole Reakes||102||0.4||5|
|Birmingham Handsworth||Hutchinson, J. L.J. L. Hutchinson||103||0.3||5|
|Brighton Kemptown||Buckle, JohnJohn Buckle||125||0.3||5|
|Bristol South East||Rowe, P.P. Rowe||79||0.1||6|
|Cardiff South East||Harris, B. C. D.B. C. D. Harris||75||0.2||5|
|Lambeth Central||Bratton, Peter JohnPeter John Bratton||88||0.3||5|
|Leicester South||Rousseau, G. H.G. H. Rousseau||136||0.3||5|
|Portsmouth South||Rifkin, A. D.A. D. Rifkin||612||1.2||4|
|Ilford North by-election, 1978||Rowe, CaroleCarole Rowe||89||0.2||6|
|Lambeth Central by-election, 1978||Munro, StuartStuart Munro||38||0.2||10|
Rowe stood as "East London Peoples Front", and Munro stood as "South London Peoples Front".
- David Boothroyd The History of British Political Parties, London: Politicos, 2001, p.244
- Richard Gott, "Liberation Music" .A review of Cornelius Cardew: A Life Unfinished by John Tilbury, London Review of Books, 15 March 2009.
- "Leader". rcpbml.org.uk.
- http://www.rcpbml.org.uk/jbbooks.htm John Buckle Books
- "Workers Daily Internet Edition Year 2005 No. 43". rcpbml.org.uk.
- "Workers Daily Internet Edition Year 2010 No. 21". rcpbml.org.uk.
- Craig, F. W. S. (1975). Minor Parties in British By-elections, 1885-1974. London: Macmillan Press. p. 17.