Revolutionary Workers' Party (Russia)
Revolutionary Workers' Party
Революционная рабочая партия
The Revolutionary Workers' Party (Russian: Революционная рабочая партия (РРП)) is a Russian Trotskyist organisation established in 1999. From 2002 to 2011 there were two active organisations called the 'Revolutionary Workers' Party'. In April 2011, activists from one of the two, centred in Perm, merged their organisation into the Russian Socialist Movement.
Origins and early activity
The origins of the RWP lie in a series of splits in an earlier Russian Troskyist organisation, the Committee for Workers' Democracy and International Socialism (CWDIS, Russian: Комитет за рабочую демократию и международный социализм, or КРДМС). At the seventh congress of the CWDIS in January 1999, in light of the recent splits, a decision was taken to reform the organisation as the 'Revolutionary Workers' Party', and to join the Committee for a Workers' International. In 2002 the RWP split into three organisations: RWP Moscow, RWP Perm, and a Marxist group called 'Workers' Democracy'. The latter group was the only one to remain a member of the Committee for a Workers' International.
The RWP in Perm primarily focused on tenants' movements. Activists from the RWP participated in the creation and operation of the Coordinating Council of Protest Actions in the City of Perm and the Perm Council of Hostels, as well as actively participating in the opposition All-Russian Union of Coordinating Councils. The RWP also worked closely with the 'Defence of Labour' Association of Trade Unions. The party published a newspaper called Workers' Democracy.
In 2007, a number of student activists left the organisation to form a new Marxist group, the 'Communist Initiative'. In December 2007, members of the CI joined Sotsialisticheskoye Soprotivleniye (Socialist Resistance), becoming its branch in Perm. On April 1, 2011, both the RWP Perm and Sotsialisticheskoye Soprotivleniye joined the Russian Socialist Movement, uniting to become the Perm regional branch of the RSM.
The headquarters of the organisation are based in Moscow; however, branches also exist in Saint Petersburg, Togliatti, Pskov and Voronezh, as well as in Moldova and Kyrgyzstan. The organisation participates in workers' and tenants' movements. In the labour movement, RWP Moscow works inside the official Federation of Independent Trade Unions of Russia and maintains a critical stance towards 'alternative' trade union associations. The party publishes the newspaper Workers' Democracy, as well as a number of regional and factory-based newspapers.
- (Russian) Announcement from the Seventh Congress of the CWDIS
- (Russian) U. G. Korgunyuk, S. E. Zaslavskii. The Russian multi-party system: formation, operation, development, (1996)
- (Russian)Committee for Workers' Democracy and International Socialism (Database «Лабиринт»)
- (Russian) The opposition movement from all over Russia are to gather in Perm (Newspaper «Пермский обозреватель», 18 April 2005)
- (Russian) A. Smolin. A spectre is haunting Perm (Newspaper »Пермский обозреватель», No5: 13, February 2010)
- (Russian) A new trade union has been established in Perm
- (Russian) The Perm branch of the Russian Socialist Movement created on 1 April 2011
- (Russian) M. Doronenko. Revolutionary parties and trade unions