Rewa, Madhya Pradesh

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Rewa
Reva
City
Keoti falls in Rewa City
Keoti falls in Rewa City
Rewa is located in Madhya Pradesh
Rewa
Rewa
Rewa is located in India
Rewa
Rewa
Coordinates: 24°32′N 81°18′E / 24.53°N 81.3°E / 24.53; 81.3Coordinates: 24°32′N 81°18′E / 24.53°N 81.3°E / 24.53; 81.3
Country India
StateMadhya Pradesh
DistrictRewa
Founded byVikramaditya Singh
Government
 • TypeMunicipal Corporation
 • BodyRewa Municipal Corporation
Area
 • City69 km2 (27 sq mi)
 • Metro146 km2 (56 sq mi)
 • Rank22nd[2]
Elevation
304 m (997 ft)
Population
 (2011)
 • City236,519
 • Rank8th[2]
 • Density3,400/km2 (8,900/sq mi)
Languages
 • OfficialHindi
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
486001 HPO 486002, 486003
Telephone code07662
ISO 3166 codeIN-MP
Vehicle registrationMP-17
Websitewww.rewa.nic.in

Rewa is a city in north-eastern part of Madhya Pradesh state in India. It is the administrative center of Rewa District and Rewa Division. The city lies about 420 kilometres (261 mi)[3] northeast of the state capital Bhopal and 230 kilometres (143 mi) north of the city of Jabalpur. The maximum length of Rewa district is 125 km from east to west and the length of Rewa from north to south is 96 km. This area is surrounded by Kaimur hills in the south direction[4] and Vindhyachal ranges pass through the middle of the district. It is famous for the founding of world’s first white tiger[5] and world famous beetle nut toys. [6]

History[edit]

Delhi Durbar of 1903, held to commemorate the coronation of King Edward VII and Queen Alexandra as Emperor and Empress of India: Elephant Carriage of the Maharaja of Rewa at the Retainers' Review, 7 January 1903

The district of Rewa derives its name from the town of Rewa, the district headquarters, which is another name for the Narmada River.[7]

Present day Rewa was part of Baghelkhand region which expanded from present day Prayagraj in North to Ratanpur in South, Jabalpur in West to Surajpur in East.

Baghel Dynasty[edit]

Baghel Dynasty was founded by Bhimaldev (son of Vyaghradev, the chieftain of Vyaghrapalli) in 1236 CE.[8] Baghelas are basically Chalukyans of Anhilwara (Gujarat).

The region was earlier governed by Lodhi and Sengar chieftains of Rajgond Dynasty. Lodhi's Diwan Tiwari conspired with Baghelas and assisted in foundation of Baghela Rule in the Gahora Patti region. In return of this favour, Baghelas granted title of "Singh Tiwari" or "Adhrajiya Tiwari" to the Diwan Tiwari.

Raja Ramchandra shifted capital to Bandhavgarh, and later Raja Vikramjit Singh shifted capital to Rewa in 1605 CE.

Bandhavgarh Fort was sieged by Mughals. Tansen and Birbal (Mahesh Das) were in court of Ramchandra Singh Baghel.

Raghuraj Singh Baghel built Govindgarh Fort, which lies in between Govindgarh lake. Govindgarh is famous for its exquisite varieties of mangoes.

Raja Gulab Singh was called "social reformer King" of Rewa.[9] Raja Martand Singh was the last Baghela Ruler.[10] Later, the state joined the Union of India, after independence.

Revolt of 1857[edit]

Thakur Ranmat Singh[11] of Mankahri revolted against British, and was hanged in 1859.

Demographics[edit]

As of 2011, Rewa had a population of about 2,35,654 out of which 1,24,012 are males and 1,11,642 are females. Rewa has an average literacy rate of 86.31%, male literacy is 91.67%, and female literacy is 80.40%. In Rewa, 10.76% of the population is under 6 years old. [12]

Rewa City Total Male Female
City Population 235,654 124,012 111,642
Literates 181,504 101,092 80,412
Children (0-6) 25,356 13,731 11,625
Average Literacy (%) 86.31 % 91.67 % 80.40 %
Sex ratio 900 (females per 1000 males)

Society[edit]

The region is home to Kol Tribes of Madhya Pradesh. Rewa Riyasat had gave royal patronage to three Brahmins, today known as Tiwari, Mishra and Dubey (Parauha). These three formed closed matrimonial alliances.

Tiwari had assisted Vyaghra Singh Deo Baghel and his sons to orchestrate Coup d'état of Lodhis and ascend the throne of Rewa Estate. In return of the favor, Tiwari and his successors called "Adhrajiya Tiwari" with title of "Singh Tiwari". The other known Tiwari clans are - Tiwani, Hanna etc.

Mishras belong to four clans - Amanv (Chakghat), Anjora (Teonthar), Umapur (Prayagraj) and Tudihar (Mirzapur). Last brahmin to receive royal patronage was - Parauha, which used title Dubey or Dwivedi. Some other major Brahmin clans of Rewa are - Shukla, Gautam, Garg, Pandey, Tripathi etc.

Kurmi people are landed wealthy agriculturalists of the region with expertise in mango, tobacco, linseed and rice cultivation.

Cuisine[edit]

The region has highest production of pulses, tobacco, mangoes, flaxseeds, Mahua etc. Thus, cuisines enjoyed by people are -

  1. Indrahar - paste of several pulses mixed and baked in steam
  2. Kadhi - kadhi uses Rasaj (gram flour cakes), Sooran (elephant foot yam) and Indrahar
  3. Bagza - aam kery pana with toppings of gram flour spaghettis and fried with cumin and mustard
  4. Kusuli - regional variation of Guziya sweet
  5. Dal Poori - breads filled with grinded Gram Dal and spices like - Garlic, Garam Masala etc.
  6. Nimona - peas or green grams fine grinded and fried to curry masala
  7. Sattu - fine grinded popcorns of wheat, gram and barley
  8. Mahua Poori - pooris used with fillings of sun dried ripen Mahua fruits

Transportation[edit]

Indore - Rewa Express Route map

Rail[edit]

Rewa railway station is connected to Satna through the 50 km Satna-Rewa branch line. Satna falls on the Howrah-Allahabad-Mumbai line.

Road & Air[edit]

The highways crosses through the city are NH 7, NH 27, and NH 75 NH 30.

The closest major airport to Rewa is in Rewa Airport, Madhya Pradesh which is 130 kilometers (80.7 miles) away and has flights to major destinations such as Delhi, Bengaluru, Mumbai, Kolkata, etc. Other airports are at Chorahta Airport Rewa, Khajuraho, Jabalpur and Varanasi.

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b "Rewa Info" (PDF).
  2. ^ a b "Census of India 2011 - MADHYA PRADESH" (PDF). censusindia.gov.in. Retrieved 18 September 2020.
  3. ^ Tripathi, Anuj. "Distance between Rewa and Bhopal". Yatra. Retrieved 18 July 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  4. ^ Tripathi, Anuj. "Kaimur Hills ,India". Britannica. Retrieved 18 July 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  5. ^ Tripathi, Anuj. "World's first 'White Tiger Safari' opened for public in Madhya Pradesh". The Indian Express. Retrieved 18 July 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  6. ^ "हमारा रीवा-रीवा का इतिहास-रीवा जिला" (HTML). meribaate.in. Retrieved 3 October 2021.
  7. ^ Tripathi, Anuj (ed.). "History of Rewa". Retrieved 21 July 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  8. ^ Tripathi, Anuj (ed.). "History of Baghel Khand". Retrieved 21 July 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  9. ^ Tripathi, Anuj (ed.). "Maharaja Gulab singh". Retrieved 21 July 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  10. ^ Tripathi, Anuj (ed.). "Rewah (Princely State)". Retrieved 21 July 2022.{{cite web}}: CS1 maint: url-status (link)
  11. ^ Tripathi, Anuj (17 July 2022). "The brave son of Vindhyas - Thakur Ranmat Singh". Patrika.
  12. ^ "DISTRICT PROFILE - REWA" (PDF). hindustanmerijaan.com. Retrieved 18 September 2020.

External links[edit]