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|District of Haryana|
Location of Rewari district in Haryana
|Tehsils||1. Rewari, 2. Bawal, and 3. Kosli|
|• Lok Sabha constituencies||1. Rohtak (shared with Rohtak and Jhajjar districts), 2. Gurgaon (shared with Gurgaon district)|
|• Assembly seats||3|
|• Total||1,594 km2 (615 sq mi)|
|• Density||480/km2 (1,200/sq mi)|
|Average annual precipitation||553 mm|
Rewari district is one of the 21 districts of Haryana state, India. The administrative headquarters of this district, Rewari city is the biggest city in this district. It is located in southern Haryana around 80 kilometres (50 mi) from the capital, New Delhi. Rewari was accorded the status of a district by the Government of Haryana on 1 November 1989.
Although all of the festivals are celebrated here with great enthusiasm, the festival of Teej has a special place in the heart of citizens of Rewari. The most colourful Teej is witnessed by this Indian city, every year. People have a lot of fun flying kites and enjoying special cuisine. Being situated near Gurgaon city there is effect of urbanisation and people of Rewari are going away from their roots.
Ahirwati, also called ‘Hirwati’ (the language of Ahirs also Language of Rajputana), is spoken in Ahirwal.
Rewari, Mahendergarh, Narnaul, Gurgaon, Kotkasim, Kotputli, Bansur, Behror and Mundawar may be considered as the centre of Ahirwati speaking area. It represents the connecting link between Mewati and three other dialects Bangaru, Bagri and Shekhawati.
Rewari has an important place in Agriculture production in Haryana. Total geographical area of the district is 151 Lakh hectares. Major Soil type here is Loamy sand (alluvial soils) almost 108 lakhs Hectare(66%), sometimes called Golden Soil (because of less quantity of irrigation water it yields more) and sandy soils 53 lakh hectares (34%). In 2010–2011,the Cropping intensity in % is 173 which is 112 Lakh hectare and Area sown more than once is 82 Lakh Hectares . Thus, the total Gross cropped area is 194 Lakh Hectares. In irrigation department, net irrigated area is 96 lakh hectares, rain fed area is 16 lakh Hectares and gross irrigated area is 167 Lakh Hectares. Sources of irrigation are mainly canals 2.1% and bore-wells (tube wells) 97.9%. The total number of pump sets are 29725. The quality of ground water is Alkaline in nature.
In Kharif season Bajra, Maize, Jowar, Karif pulses, Arhar, Sesamum, Guar etc. are sown in about 3,29,088 hectare (42%) and in Rabi season Wheat, Gram, Mustard, Taramira, Rabi pulses etc. are sown in about 4,52,527 hectare (58%).
The main source of irrigation are Tube Wells. By 26064 Tube Wells about 192861 hectare area is being irrigated and by 57196 Wells about 265169 hectares area is irrigated. By other sources like canals, tanks about 404 hectares area is irrigated. The normal rainfall for the district is 657.3 mm. The average rainfall in last ten years in the district is 569.6 mm. The rainfall distribution in the district is uneven and scattered which resulted some times flood problems and some time draught position which affect the Agriculture production as well as cropping pattern in Kharif & Rabi season. Thus, the Agriculture in the district by and large depends on rainfall distribution. Talk about Livestock, Normally people of Rewari prefer Buffalo Milk. As per survey in 2010-2011, 189 Lakh Buffalos, 18 lakhs Goat.
Rewari is noted for its metal works, particularly brass work. The main markets of Rewari have shops which sell brass utensils and artistic work of brass. Along with Moradabad, Rewari is the brass hub of India.
According to the 2011 census Rewari district has a population of 896,129, roughly equal to the nation of Fiji or the US state of Delaware. This gives it a ranking of 466th in India (out of a total of 640). The district has a population density of 562 inhabitants per square kilometre (1,460/sq mi) . Its population growth rate over the decade 2001-2011 was 17.09%. Rewari has a sex ratio of 905 females for every 1000 males, and a literacy rate of 82.2%.
Most of the population is Yaduvanshi Ahir . Mainly, this area is Yadav or Yaduvanshi Belt as main population are Yadavs/Ahirs. Ahirs/Yadavs of this area are different from rest of India Yadavs of their Physical & Mental Strength.[original research?] Also their diet is the main reason for Strength.[original research?]
The present MLA from Rewari is Rao Randhir Singh Kapriwas
Rezang La battle of 1962
Rezang La was the site of the last stand of the 13 Kumaon, an all-Ahir company, during the Sino-Indian War in 1962. The company led by Major Shaitan Singh, who won a posthumous Param Vir Chakra for his actions. From the Indian point of view, Rezang La had the drawback that an intervening feature blocked artillery operation, so that the Indian infantry had to do without artillery cover.
In this action on 18 November 1962, 114 Indian soldiers out of a total of 123 were killed. Almost all of them were from Rewari. A memorial in Rewari, where most of the Ahir soldiers came from, states that 1700 Chinese soldiers were killed in the battle. A memorial was constructed near Dharuhera Chowk in Rewari city by Rezangla Shaurya Samiti. Every year, memorial functions are held by the Samiti in collaboration with district administration and the Kumaon Regiment, and family members of those who died at Rezangla also take part.
Mission Clean Rewari
On 7 Nov 2014 the "Mission Clean Rewari" mobile app was launched as a real time civic engagement platform empowering Rewari’s people to be community heroes and report neighborhood issues from their smartphones. Within five days more than hundred problems were submitted by Rewari’s people. R. C. Verma, Deputy Commissioner of Rewari, has requested people to contribute and stated that he will personally monitor the associated website to successfully resolve issues submitted.
Cities, towns, Blocks, villages, and other communities
- Rewari (town)
- "District Census 2011". Census2011.co.in. 2011. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Ahirwal" (PDF).
- US Directorate of Intelligence. "Country Comparison:Population". Retrieved 2011-10-01.
Fiji 883,125 July 2011 est.
- "2010 Resident Population Data". U. S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011-09-30.
- "Population by religion community - 2011". Census of India, 2011. The Registrar General & Census Commissioner, India. Archived from the original on 25 August 2015.
- Don’t forget the heroes of Rezang La
- ‘Nobody believed we had killed so many Chinese at Rezang La. Our commander called me crazy and warned that I could be court-martialled’
- Rewari Amar Ujala newspaper 2014-11-12
|Wikimedia Commons has media related to Rewari district.|
||Bhiwani district||Jhajjar district||Gurgaon district|
|Mahendragarh district||Mewat district|
|Alwar district, Rajasthan|