Rewas

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Rewas (Rewas-Bodani or Revas) is one of 48 “minor” ports of Maharashtra located at Rewas Creek, near Karanja creek at mouth of the Patalganga River about 10 kilometres (6 mi) southward of Jawaharlal Nehru Port (JNPT) and 16 kilometres (9.9 mi) south-east of Mumbai Port. It is controlled by the state government through an agency known as the “Maharashtra Maritime Board”.

The town of Rewas was combined with the neighboring town of Bodani, and the subsequently formed city is called Rewas-Bodani.

History[edit]

Originally called Rewas bunder (bunder=port), there has been a small fishing port at Rewas since the times of the Maratha empire. A pier was subsequently built during the British Raj, between 1864 and 1869. This was often used by small passenger steamers running between Bombay and Dharamtar, which sailed via Rewas. [1]

New Rewas Aware port[edit]

A new port was proposed by at the mangrove forests near Rewas by a person called Vijay Paparao in 1996. The proposed port would be made by reclaiming land currently occupied by the Mothebal mangrove forest and Aware Mangrove forest belts. In 1997 the state government signed an MOU with Paparao's company Amma Lines for development of Rewas and Avare for a multi-cargo deep draft all-weather port. In 2002, the cabinet signed a concession agreement for 50 years with Amma Lines to develop this port on a Build, Operate, Own, Share and Transfer (BOOST) basis for handling container traffic. It formed an SPV known as Rewas Ports Ltd. for the purpose. With a starting investment of US$400 million and ultimate of about 1 billion US$1.3 Billion (Rs 6600 Crore), it is ultimately planned to have over 50 berths with a draft as deep as 13 to 18 metres (43 to 59 ft).

In 2006, Amma Lines sold a majority stake to Mukesh Ambani's Reliance Group and Anand Jain's Jai Corp. The state government of Maharashtra also has a minor stake in the port. To start with, the port will have a 13-metre (43 ft) dredged draft, 10 berths with a total quay length of 3,500 metres (11,500 ft).

The project received Environmental Clearance from the Ministry of Environment & Forests, Government of India in May 2007 and also completed Financial Closure for the USD $1.3 billion project. The port is due to be commissioned in 2011 and due for completion in 2012 with a draft of 18 metres (59 ft). The cargo to be handled here will be containers, iron ore, coal and other solid and liquid bulk cargo. There is also a proposal to develop a large dry dock and shipyard and ship repair facility. It is in the Raigad district of Maharashtra, India and is 11 nautical miles (20 km) from Mumbai.

Second site for the proposed new Mumbai Metropolitan region Airport[edit]

The Union Ministry of Environment and Forests had raised objections to the proposed location of the Navi Mumbai International airport near Kopra Panvel because the construction of the airport would involve reclamation of low-lying areas in an ecologically fragile zone as well as destruction of several hectares of mangroves. As a result of these developments other locations including Rewas were considered.

The proposed airport site centered around the region of Rewas and Mandwa near Alibaug was thought to be the most suitable barring excessive financial cost for building a bridge over Karanja Creek to connect the UranJNPT area to the proposed airport at Rewas Mandwa. Its distance of only 20 nautical miles (37 km) by sea made it a viable location. However, the site was rejected in 2010 after considering the high capital cost, destruction of scenic coastal environment, rehabilitation of 14 villages, strong local opposition and the presence of the Indian Navy base in the area.[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Communications - Ports of Kolaba". The Kolaba District Gazetter. Government of Maharashtra. Retrieved 18 April 2015. 
  2. ^ "Navi Mumbai best option for airport, river diversion not harmful: green report". Express India. 21 July 2010. Retrieved 25 May 2013.