Rexton, New Brunswick

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Rexton
Village
Rexton NB.JPG
Official seal of Rexton
Seal
Motto(s): 
Progressio et Concordia  (Latin)
"Progress and Concord"
Rexton is located in New Brunswick
Rexton
Rexton
Location of Rexton in New Brunswick
Coordinates: 46°38′00″N 64°52′00″W / 46.633333°N 64.866667°W / 46.633333; -64.866667Coordinates: 46°38′00″N 64°52′00″W / 46.633333°N 64.866667°W / 46.633333; -64.866667
CountryCanada
ProvinceNew Brunswick
CountyKent County
Founded1825 by John Jardine
IncorporatedNovember 9, 1966
Government
 • TypeTown Council
 • MayorRandy Warman
Area
 • Total6.18 km2 (2.39 sq mi)
Population
 (2016)[1]
 • Total830
 • Density134.4/km2 (348/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC-4 (AST)
 • Summer (DST)UTC-3 (ADT)
Canadian Postal code
E4W
Area code(s)506
Websitewww.villageofrexton.com

Rexton is a village in Kent County, New Brunswick, Canada.

History[edit]

Situated on the Richibucto River, the village was originally inhabited by Mi'kmaq First Nations, many of whose descendants still reside in the nearby Elsipogtog First Nation, formerly referred to as the Big Cove Band. Acadian settlers colonized the general area in the 18th century, in places such as Bouctouche, Miramichi and Richibucto Village.

The first English-speaking settler was Thomas Powel who arrived in 1790. There was considerable colonization by English shipbuilders, Scottish merchants and Irish immigrants followed, including many Irish Protestants who arrived to work in the Jardine Shipbuilding Yards around the year 1819. They eventually cleared enough land to receive land grants following the 1820s survey by a Mr. Layton conducted around the Molus River area of nearby Weldford Parish, New Brunswick and the size of Elsipogtog First Nation was reduced to the current boundaries.

Two ships brought the majority of the settlers here from Scotland, one being the Dickies, captained by Simon Graham, and the other was the Isabella, sailed by Captain Thomas Carruthers.

Fishing, lumbering and shipbuilding flourished throughout the 19th century. The first bridge over the Richibucto River was completed there in 1850, improving commerce and communications in the region.

The settlement was known from about 1825 as Kingston, but in 1901, the name was changed to Rexton. This was probably to avoid confusion with other Kingstons, particularly Kingston, Kings County, New Brunswick, which still carries the name.

Notable people[edit]

Rexton (Kingston at the time) was the birthplace of Bonar Law, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom in 1922–1923. Until the election of Boris Johnson in 2019, who was born in New York City, Law was the only British Prime Minister to be born outside the British Isles. His name is honoured at a recently upgraded community attraction, Bonar Law Common, and also at Bonar Law Memorial High School in Rexton. His father Rev. James Law was the Minister for St. Andrew's Church in Rexton for many years. William John Bowser, Premier of British Columbia (1915–1916), was born in Rexton. Former Premier of New Brunswick, Shawn Graham, was raised in Rexton.

Demographics[edit]

Population trend [2][1]

Census Population Change (%)
2016 830 Increase1.5%
2011 818 Decrease5.1%
2006 862 Increase6.4%
2001 810 Decrease10.8%
1996 908 Decrease3.4%
1991 940 Increase1.5%
1986 926 Decrease0.2%
1981 928 N/A
St. Andrew's United Church at Rexton

See also[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c "Census Profile, 2016 Census Rexton, Village [Census subdivision], New Brunswick". Statistics Canada. Retrieved September 13, 2019.
  2. ^ Statistics Canada: 1996, 2001, 2006 census
  3. ^ Statistics Canada: 2011 census
  • Barry Kinread Glencross, Rexton: The First 175 Years (privately published, 2001)

External links[edit]