Reynolds Building

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Reynolds Building
Reynolds Building street view.jpg
Reynolds Building street view
Reynolds Building is located in North Carolina
Reynolds Building
Reynolds Building is located in the US
Reynolds Building
Location51 E. 4th St., Winston-Salem, North Carolina
Coordinates36°5′56″N 80°14′40″W / 36.09889°N 80.24444°W / 36.09889; -80.24444Coordinates: 36°5′56″N 80°14′40″W / 36.09889°N 80.24444°W / 36.09889; -80.24444
Area0.55 acres (0.22 ha)
Built1928 (1928)-1929
Built byJames Baird Company
ArchitectShreve and Lamb
Architectural styleArt Deco
NRHP reference #14000494[1]
Added to NRHPAugust 19, 2014

The Reynolds Building is a 314-foot (96 m) Art Deco skyscraper at 51 E. 4th Street in Winston-Salem, Forsyth County, North Carolina with 313,996 square feet (29,171.2 m2) of space. It was completed in 1929 and has 21 floors.[2][3] In April 2016, its first six floors opened as the Kimpton Cardinal Hotel, with apartments located on the 11 floors above.[4]


The site of the Reynolds Building at Fourth and main streets was previously home to Winston's first city hall, built in 1892 and used as the first Winston-Salem city hall after the 1913 merger. When the city needed a larger city hall, the old one was torn down.[5]

When completed as the headquarters of R. J. Reynolds Tobacco Company, it was the tallest building in the United States south of Baltimore, Maryland, and it won a national architecture award.[6] The building is well known for being a design inspiration for the much larger Empire State Building that was built in 1931 in New York City.[7] Every year the staff of the Empire State Building sends a Father's Day card to the staff at the Reynolds Building in Winston-Salem to pay homage to its role as predecessor to the Empire State Building.[8] It was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 2014.[9][10]

The building was designed, just as the Empire State Building, for the purpose of corporate offices with retail outlets on the first floor.[11] Shreve & Lamb, the architects, were asked for "an effect of conservatism along with attractiveness, but to avoid flashiness." But regarding the result, a 1997 Winston-Salem Journal article said, "city residents could be forgiven for wondering whether the architects followed the directive" because "Gray-brown marble from Missouri, black marble from Belgium and buff-colored marble from France covered the walls and floor. The ceiling was festooned with gold leaves, and the grillwork, elevator doors and door frames were bright, gleaming brass."[6] The stock market crash of 1929 hurt the Reynolds Building's leasing business temporarily, but it was more successful than other similar buildings at leasing offices.[11] Its promotional brochure said that the 14th, 15th, and fourth floors were reserved for doctors and dentists, but this might not have been the case.[11] Most of the offices were occupied by organizations related to the tobacco industry, such as railroads, insurance companies, and attorneys.[11]

Recent history[edit]

On November 23, 2009 the Winston-Salem Journal reported that Reynolds American, Inc. put the building up for sale after cutting jobs and moving many offices into the Plaza Building next door. Forsyth County tax records show the Reynolds Building's value as $12.3 million. The building offers 240,000 square feet (22,000 m2) of office space, much of that Class B.[6]

In 2012, Quaintance-Weaver Restaurants and Hotels, which owned the Proximity and O. Henry hotels in nearby Greensboro, considered plans to turn the building into a luxury hotel for business travelers,[12] but ultimately chose not to proceed.[13]

In March 2013, Reynolds American selected CBRE to market the building, which the company intended to sell for $15 million. Philadelphia-based PMC Property Group, which renovates historic buildings, and San Francisco-based Kimpton Hotels & Restaurants Group bought the Reynolds Building for $7.8 million. Plans call for "a boutique hotel, restaurant and upscale apartments." [14]

In August 2014, the Reynolds Building was named to the National Register of Historic Places.[1][9] Historic status, with its tax incentives, were expected to make the building more attractive.[3][13]

On November 5, 2015, Kimpton said its Kimpton Cardinal Hotel would have 174 rooms on the building's first six floors, along with 36 suites, a fitness center, a restaurant and bar, and 6400 square feet of meeting space. PMC planned to spend $60 million on the building.[15] On December 15, Kimpton said the restaurant on the ground floor, would be named Katharine Brasserie & Bar after the wife of R.J. Reynolds, and that it would be separate from the hotel.[16]

The 7th through 19th floors (there is no 13th floor because of superstition dating to the building's construction) opened in March as The Residences @ the R.J. Reynolds Building, with 20 apartments on the first four of those floors and six on the remaining floors. 65 percent will be 700 square feet with one bedroom and the rest will be 830 to 1000 square feet with two bedrooms. The 19th floor apartments are tied with those in the Nissen Building for highest residential space. Different elevators will serve the hotel and the apartments. The 20th floor mezzanine will have meeting space and the top two floors will house mechanical equipment.[4][17]

The Kimpton's grand opening took place on April 27, 2016, the building's 87th birthday. The restaurant opened on May 2.[4]


  1. ^ a b "National Register of Historic Places Listings". Weekly List of Actions Taken on Properties: 8/18/14 through 8/23/14. National Park Service. 2014-08-29.
  2. ^ "Reynolds Building". Retrieved 2008-07-10.
  3. ^ a b Craver, Richard (2014-05-08). "Panel OKs nomination of RJR building for register". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved 2014-05-09.
  4. ^ a b c Craver, Richard (2016-04-28). "Kimpton opens door on new life for historic Reynolds building". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved 2016-04-28.
  5. ^ "Northwest Almanac: Preservation of 1920s City Hall building important to Winston-Salem leaders". Winston-Salem Journal. 2018-06-11. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
  6. ^ a b c Craver, Richard (2009-11-23). "Home of RJR on the market". Winston-Salem Journal. Archived from the original on 2009-11-25. Retrieved 2009-11-23.
  7. ^ "Reynolds Building". Retrieved 2008-09-18.
  8. ^ Covington, Owen (2012-01-05). "A look at the historic Reynolds Building". Triad Business Journal. Retrieved 2014-05-28.
  9. ^ a b Craver, Richard (2014-10-13). "'Grand Old Lady' is now 'historic'". Winston-Salem Journal. p. A1.
  10. ^ Jen Hembree (March 2014). "Reynolds Building" (pdf). National Register of Historic Places - Nomination and Inventory. North Carolina State Historic Preservation Office. Retrieved 2014-11-01.
  11. ^ a b c d Bishir, Catherine (2005). North Carolina Architecture. UNC Press. p. 593.
  12. ^ "Quaintance-Weaver could open hotel in historic Winston-Salem building". News & Record. 2012-01-05. Retrieved 2012-01-25.
  13. ^ a b Craver, Richard (2014-05-02). "Process starts for historic registry nomination for Reynolds building". Winston-Salem Journal. p. A1.
  14. ^ Craver, Richard (2014-05-22). "Former R.J. Reynolds headquarters sold for $7.8 million". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved 2014-05-22.
  15. ^ Craver, Richard (2015-11-05). "Historic Reynolds building will be known as Kimpton Cardinal Hotel". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved 2015-11-05.
  16. ^ Hastings, Michael (2015-12-15). "Restaurant in Reynolds Building could open in February". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved 2015-12-16.
  17. ^ Craver, Richard (2016-01-09). "Reynolds residences offer iconic views from downtown Winston-Salem". Winston-Salem Journal. Retrieved 2016-01-11.

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