Ali Reza Sheikholeslami (21 July 1941 – 9 January 2018) was Masoumeh and Fereydoon Soudavar Professor of Persian Studies at Wadham College in the University of Oxford from 1990–2006. He received a BA from Columbia University, an MA from Northwestern University, an MA from the University of Oxford and a PhD from the University of California. Before becoming Soudavar Professor at Oxford, he served as Assistant Professor of Political Science at the University of Washington 1975-85, as senior research fellow at Harvard University 1985-88 and as visiting senior fellow at St Antony's College at Oxford 1988-90. His publications include "The Political Economy of Saudi-Arabia", and "The Structure of Central Authority in Qajar Iran 1871-1896."
- "Prof Reza Sheikholeslami". Debrett's People of Today. Retrieved 31 January 2012.
- "Private Lives and Public Spaces in Modern Iran Conference: Biographical Notes". Iran Heritage Foundation. 2005. Archived from the original on 2 January 2006. Retrieved 31 January 2012.