|Coordinates: 45°50′N 04°40′E / 45.833°N 4.667°ECoordinates: 45°50′N 04°40′E / 45.833°N 4.667°E|
|• President of the Departmental Council||Christophe Guilloteau (LR)|
|• Total||2,715 km2 (1,048 sq mi)|
|• Density||170/km2 (440/sq mi)|
|Time zone||UTC+1 (CET)|
|• Summer (DST)||UTC+2 (CEST)|
|^1 French Land Register data, which excludes estuaries and lakes, ponds and glaciers larger than 1 km².|
Rhône (French pronunciation: [ʁon]; Arpitan: Rôno) is a department of east-central France, in the central-southeastern Auvergne-Rhône-Alpes region. Named after the river Rhône, its prefecture is Lyon. Its sole subprefecture is Villefranche-sur-Saône. In 2019, it had a population of 1,875,747.
The department was created on August 12, 1793, when the former Rhône-et-Loire was split into two departments: Rhône and Loire.
Originally, the eastern border of Rhône was the city of Lyon itself, so that the communes immediately east of Lyon belonged to neighboring departments. With the growth of Lyon and the extension of its urban area into communes such as Villeurbanne, the limits of the department were judged impractical as they left the suburbs of Lyon outside of Rhône. Thus, Rhône was enlarged several times to incorporate into it the suburbs of Lyon from neighboring department:
- In 1852, four communes from Isère were incorporated into Rhône.
- In 1967, 23 communes of Isère and six communes of Ain were incorporated into Rhône.
- In 1971, one commune from Isère was incorporated into Rhône.
With these enlargements, the area of the department increased from 2,791 km2 to 3,249 km2 (16.4% larger). At the 1999 French census, the original department of Rhône would have had only 1,071,288 inhabitants, which means that the population in the territories added in the last two centuries was 507,581 inhabitants in 1999.
In 2015 the Metropolis of Lyon was separated from the department of Rhône. Rhône lost 16% of its territory, and 75% of its population. Lyon, although no longer part of the department, remains its administrative center.
Rivers include the Rhône and the Saône (which joins the Rhône in Lyon). The neighboring departments are Ain, Isère, Loire and Saône-et-Loire.
Population development since 1801 (with Lyon Metropolis) :
Before the Metropolis of Lyon was separated from the department, over 75% of its population lived within the Greater Lyon, which included all of the largest cities of the Rhône department, apart from Villefranche-sur-Saône.
The most populous commune of the new department of Rhône is Villefranche-sur-Saône. As of 2019, there are 5 communes with more than 10,000 inhabitants:
The President of the Departmental Council is Christophe Guilloteau, a member of the Republicans (LR).
Current National Assembly Representatives
This list includes representatives from Lyon Metropolis created in 2015 as a separate department.
Château de Jarnioux
- Cantons of the Rhône department
- Communes of the Rhône department
- Arrondissements of the Rhône department
- French language
- Arpitan language
- ^ "Répertoire national des élus: les conseillers départementaux". data.gouv.fr, Plateforme ouverte des données publiques françaises (in French). 4 May 2022.
- ^ "Téléchargement du fichier d'ensemble des populations légales en 2019". The National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies. 29 December 2021.
- ^ a b Populations légales 2019: 69 Rhône, INSEE
- ^ "Bienvenue à la Métropole de Lyon - La Métropole de Lyon". www.grandlyon.com.
- ^ Comparateur de territoires: Département du Rhône (69), Métropole de Lyon (200046977), INSEE
- ^ "Historique du Rhône". Le SPLAF.
- ^ "Évolution et structure de la population en 2016". INSEE.
- ^ Nationale, Assemblée. "Assemblée nationale ~ Les députés, le vote de la loi, le Parlement français". Assemblée nationale.
- Prefecture website (in French)
- Departmental Council website (in French)
- 69.pagesd.info - Webportal and directory of communes and web sites of the Rhône (69) département website (in French)