Rhamnose

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Rhamnose[1]
Alpha-L-Rhamnopyranose.svg
Names
IUPAC name
(2R,3R,4R,5R,6S)-6-Methyloxane-2,3,4,5-tetrol
Other names
Isodulcit
α-L-Rhamnose
L-Rhamnose
L-Mannomethylose
α-L-Rha
α-L-Rhamnoside
α-L-Mannomethylose
6-Deoxy-L-mannose
Rhamnopyranose
Rhamnopyranoside
Identifiers
10485-94-6 N
ChEBI CHEBI:16055 YesY
ChemSpider 18150 YesY
DrugBank DB01869 YesY
Jmol interactive 3D Image
KEGG C00507 YesY
PubChem 19233
UNII QN34XC755A YesY
Properties
C6H12O5
Molar mass 164.16 g·mol−1
Density 1.41 g/mL
Melting point 91 to 93 °C (196 to 199 °F; 364 to 366 K) (monohydrate)
Except where otherwise noted, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C [77 °F], 100 kPa).
N verify (what is YesYN ?)
Infobox references

Rhamnose (Rham) is a naturally occurring deoxy sugar. It can be classified as either a methyl-pentose or a 6-deoxy-hexose. Rhamnose occurs in nature in its L-form as L-rhamnose (6-deoxy-L-mannose). This is unusual, since most of the naturally occurring sugars are in D-form. Exceptions are the methyl pentoses L-fucose and L-rhamnose and the pentose L-arabinose.

Rhamnose can be isolated from Buckthorn (Rhamnus), poison sumac, and plants in the genus Uncaria. Rhamnose is also produced by microalgae belonging to the Bacillariophyceae.[2]


Rhamnose is commonly bound to other sugars in nature. It is a common glycone component of glycosides from many plants. Rhamnose is also a component of the outer cell membrane of acid-fast bacteria in the Mycobacterium genus, which includes the organism that causes tuberculosis.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Merck Index, 11th Edition, 8171.
  2. ^ Brown, M. R. (1991). "The amino-acid and sugar composition of 16 species of microalgae used in mariculture". Journal of Experimental Marine Biology and Ecology, 145(1), 79-99. doi:10.1016/0022-0981(91)90007-J. 
  3. ^ Golan, David E., ed. (2005). "Chapter 35 - Pharmacology of the Bacterial Cell Wall". Principles of Pharmacology: The Pathophysiologic Basis of Drug Therapy. Armen H. Tashjian Jr., Ehrin J. Armstrong, Joshua N. Galanter, April Wang Armstrong, Ramy A. Arnaout, Harris S. Rose. Lippincott Williams and Wilkins. p. 569. ISBN 0-7817-4678-7. 

External links[edit]