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This article is about the German district Rhein-Neckar-Kreis. See also the greater Rhine Neckar area in Germany.
Baden-Württemberg HD (district).svg
Country  Germany
State Baden-Württemberg
Adm. region Karlsruhe
Capital Heidelberg
 • Total 1,061.71 km2 (409.93 sq mi)
Population (31 December 2013)[1]
 • Total 531,013
 • Density 500/km2 (1,300/sq mi)
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Vehicle registration HD
Website http://www.rhein-neckar-kreis.de

Rhein-Neckar-Kreis is a district (Kreis) in the northwest of Baden-Württemberg, Germany. Neighboring districts are Bergstraße, Odenwaldkreis, Neckar-Odenwald, Heilbronn, Karlsruhe, the free district of Speyer, the Rhein-Pfalz-Kreis, and the municipalities of Mannheim and Heidelberg.


The district was created in 1973 by merging the previous districts of Heidelberg, Mannheim and a big part of Sinsheim.


It is named after the two main rivers which flow through the district, the Rhine and Neckar. The highest elevation is the Stiefelhöhe, near Heiligkreuzsteinach, with 583 m in the Odenwald mountains, the lowest elevation with 92 m is near Ilvesheim in the Neckar valley.


The district is governed by a district assembly (Kreistag) and a district executive (Landrat). The eligible voters of the district elect the Kreistag every 5 years. This body in turn elects the Landrat every 8 years. The Landrat is the legal representative of the district as well as the speaker of the Kreistag and its committees. The Landrat manages the office of the Landrat (Landratsamt) and is the chief official of the district. The duties of the Landrat include the preparation of the district assembly meetings and its committees. The Landrat calls the meetings, acts as speaker, and carries out the decisions made. In the Kreistag, the Landrat has no vote. The Landrat has a second, called the first district official (Erste Landesbeamte).

Landrat of the district Heidelberg 1945–1972:

  • 1945–1946: Hermann Specht (provisional)
  • 1946–1947: Erich Reimann
  • 1947–1954: Herbert Klotz
  • 1954–1972: Georg Steinbrenner

Landrat of the district Mannheim 1945–1972:

  • 1945: Richard Freudenberg (appointed)
  • 1945–1946: Karl Geppert (appointed)
  • 1946: Dr. Valentin Gaa (appointed)
  • 1946–1948: Ernst Becherer
  • 1948–1970: Dr. Valentin Gaa
  • 1970–1972: Albert Neckenauer

Landrat of the district Sinsheim 1945–1972:

  • 1945–1946: Roman Großmann (appointed)
  • 1946: Gottlob Barth und Dr. Kurt von Kirchenheim (both appointed)
  • 1946: Wolfgang Rutschke (appointed to oversee businesses)
  • 1946–1947: Hermann Lindner (appointed)
  • 1947–1948: Dr. Johann Gutermann
  • 1948: Dr. Ludwig Bernheim
  • 1948–1949: Georg Steinbrenner (appointed to oversee businesses)
  • 1949–1950: Dr. Walther Reidel (appointed)
  • 1950–1972: Dr. Paul Herrmann

Landrat of Rhein-Neckar-Kreis since 1973:

  • 1973 Georg Steinbrenner, Amtsverweser
  • 1973–1986: Albert Neckenauer
  • 1986 to present: Dr. Jürgen Schütz

Coat of arms[edit]

Coat of arms

The wavy line in the left of the coat of arms represent the two rivers Rhine and Neckar. The lion in the right side is the symbol of Palatinate, as the area belonged to that area historically.

Cities and towns[edit]

Städte (Cities)
Eberbach in HD.png COA Eberbach Baden.svg Eberbach 15 258 81.2 km²
Eppelheim in HD.png Eppelheim Wappen.svg Eppelheim 14 629 5.6 km²
Hemsbach in HD.png Wappen Hemsbach Bergstrasse.svg Hemsbach 12 230 12.9 km²
Hockenheim in HD.png COA Hockenheim.svg Hockenheim 21 031 34.8 km²
Ladenburg in HD.png COA Ladenburg.svg Ladenburg 11 473 19 km²
Leimen in HD.png Wappen Leimen Baden.png Leimen 26 932 20.6 km²
Neckarbischofsheim in HD.png COA Neckarbischofsheim.svg Neckarbischofsheim 3 946 26.4 km²
Neckargemuend in HD.png Wappen Neckargemuend.svg Neckargemünd 14 032 26.2 km²
Rauenberg in HD.png COA Rauenberg-Kraichgau.svg Rauenberg 7 631 11.1 km²
Schoenau in HD.png COA Schönau (Odenwald).svg Schönau 4 696 22.5 km²
Schriesheim in HD.png COA Schriesheim.svg Schriesheim 14 855 31.6 km²
Schwetzingen in HD.png Wappen Schwetzingen.png Schwetzingen 22 159 21.6 km²
Sinsheim in HD.png Wappen Sinsheim.svg Sinsheim 35 517 127 km²
Waibstadt in HD.png COA Waibstadt.svg Waibstadt 5 659 25.6 km²
Walldorf in HD.png DEU Walldorf (Baden) COA.svg Walldorf 14 774 19.9 km²
Weinheim in HD.png COA Weinheim.svg Weinheim 43 692 58.1 km²
Wiesloch in HD.png COA Wiesloch.svg Wiesloch 25 897 30.3 km²
Gemeinden (Municipalities)
Altlussheim in HD.png COA Altlußheim.svg Altlußheim 5 296 16 km²
Angelbachtal in HD.png COA Angelbachtal.svg Angelbachtal 5 002 17.9 km²
Bammental in HD.png COA Bammental.svg Bammental 6 498 12.2 km²
Bruehl in HD.png Wappen Bruehl Baden.png Brühl 14 256 10.2 km²
Dielheim in HD.png Wappen Dielheim.svg Dielheim 8 933 22.7 km²
Dossenheim in HD.png COA Dossenheim.svg Dossenheim 12 008 14.1 km²
Edingen-Neckarhausen in HD.png COA Edingen-Neckarhausen.svg Edingen-Neckarhausen 14 127 12 km²
Epfenbach in HD.png Wappen Epfenbach.svg Epfenbach 2 517 13 km²
Eschelbronn in HD.png COA Eschelbronn.svg Eschelbronn 2 572 8.2 km²
Gaiberg in HD.png COA Gaiberg.svg Gaiberg 2 427 4.2 km²
Heddesbach in HD.png COA Heddesbach.svg Heddesbach 494 8.2 km²
Heddesheim in HD.png COA Heddesheim.svg Heddesheim 11 566 14.7 km²
Heiligkreuzsteinach in HD.png COA Heiligkreuzsteinach.svg Heiligkreuzsteinach 3 054 19.6 km²
Helmstadt-Bargen in HD.png Wappen Helmstadt-Bargen.svg Helmstadt-Bargen 3 793 28 km²
Hirschberg in HD.png COA Hirschberg an der Bergstraße.svg Hirschberg an der Bergstraße 9 405 12.4 km²
Ilvesheim in HD.png COA Ilvesheim.svg Ilvesheim 7 768 5.9 km²
Ketsch in HD.png COA Ketsch.svg Ketsch 12 808 16.5 km²
Laudenbach in HD.png COA Laudenbach-Bergstrasse.svg Laudenbach 6 110 10.3 km²
Lobbach in HD.png COA Lobbach.svg Lobbach 2 401 14.9 km²
Malsch in HD.png COA Malsch (bei Wiesloch).svg Malsch 3 401 6.8 km²
Mauer in HD.png Wappen Mauer Baden.svg Mauer 3 919 6.3 km²
Meckesheim in HD.png CoA Meckesheim.svg Meckesheim 5 343 16.3 km²
Muehlhausen in HD.png DEU Mühlhausen (Kraichgau) COA.svg Mühlhausen (Kraichgau) 8 218 15.3 km²
Neidenstein in HD.png Wappen Neidenstein.svg Neidenstein 1 820 8.5 km²
Neulussheim in HD.png COA Neulußheim.svg Neulußheim 6 675 3.4 km²
Nussloch in HD.png COA Nußloch.svg Nußloch 10 734 13.6 km²
Oftersheim in HD.png COA Oftersheim.svg Oftersheim 10 686 12.8 km²
Plankstadt in HD.png COA Plankstadt.svg Plankstadt 9 559 8.4 km²
Reichartshausen in HD.png Wappen Reichartshausen.svg Reichartshausen 2 015 10 km²
Reilingen in HD.png Wappen Reilingen.svg Reilingen 7 068 16.4 km²
Sandhausen in HD.png COA Sandhausen.svg Sandhausen 14 336 14.6 km²
Schoenbrunn in HD.png DEU Schönbrunn (Baden) COA.svg Schönbrunn 2 987 34.5 km²
Spechbach in HD.png COA Spechbach.svg Spechbach 1 720 8.5 km²
StLeon-Rot in HD.png COA St Leon-Rot.svg St. Leon-Rot 12 539 25.6 km²
Wiesenbach in HD.png Wappen Wiesenbach (Baden).svg Wiesenbach 3 092 11.1 km²
Wilhelmsfeld in HD.png Wappen Wilhelmsfeld.png Wilhelmsfeld 3 293 4.8 km²
Zuzenhausen in HD.png Wappen Zuzenhausen.png Zuzenhausen 2 138 11.6 km²


Dilsberg Neckartal.jpg Dilsberg Bergfeste Dilsberg is a castle on a mountain over the Neckar River in Neckargemünd.
Eberbach Neckar 2001.JPG Eberbach The historic old town with its four towers, many timber-frame houses and some town wall remnants, is a magnet for tourists.
Mercedes-tribuene-2005.jpg Hockenheim The Hockenheimring is the home of the Formula One German Grand Prix.
Roemermuseum Ladenburg 01.JPG Ladenburg Ladenburg has an old town from the Late Middle Ages. Its history dates back to Celtic and Roman ages.
Neckargemuend Elsenz-Muendung.jpg Neckargemünd Neckargemünd still keeps its medieval charm.
Schwetzingen BW 2014-07-22 16-43-37.jpg Schwetzingen Schwetzingen Castle was the summer residence of the Electors Palatine Karl III Philip and Charles Theodore.
Concorde F-BVFB (Sinsheim).JPG Sinsheim Sinsheim's main tourist attraction is the Sinsheim Auto & Technik Museum, displaying a collection of historic vehicles to over 1 million visitors per year.
Windeck.JPG Weinheim Weinheim is situated on the Bergstraße ("Mountain Road") on the western rim of the Odenwald.

International relations[edit]

Twin towns – Sister cities[edit]

Rhein-Neckar-Kreis is twinned with:


  1. ^ "Gemeinden in Deutschland mit Bevölkerung am 31. Dezember 2013 (Einwohnerzahlen auf Grundlage des Zensus 2011)". Statistisches Bundesamt (in German). 2014. 
  2. ^ "National Commission for Decentralised cooperation". Délégation pour l’Action Extérieure des Collectivités Territoriales (Ministère des Affaires étrangères) (in French). Retrieved 2013-12-26. 

External links[edit]

Coordinates: 49°22′N 8°44′E / 49.367°N 8.733°E / 49.367; 8.733