Rheinsberg Nuclear Power Plant

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Rheinsberg Nuclear Power Plant
Rheinsberg nuclear plant.JPG
CountryGermany, formerly East Germany
Coordinates53°8′49.17″N 12°59′24.54″E / 53.1469917°N 12.9901500°E / 53.1469917; 12.9901500Coordinates: 53°8′49.17″N 12°59′24.54″E / 53.1469917°N 12.9901500°E / 53.1469917; 12.9901500
Construction began1956
Commission dateOctober 11, 1966
Decommission dateJune 1, 1990
Operator(s)Energiewerke Nord
Nuclear power station
Reactor typeVVER
Power generation
Units decommissioned1 x 70 MW
External links
CommonsRelated media on Commons

Rheinsberg Nuclear Power Station was the second nuclear reactor in East Germany after the Rossendorf Research Reactor, and the first nuclear power reactor in East Germany. It was built close to the city of Rheinsberg on the Stechlinsee. The power station was one of the first generation of demonstration power reactors.

Control room in 1966
Engraving on 10 Mark DDR banknote

Start-up[edit]

The project commenced in 1956, and construction began January 1, 1960. First criticality followed on March 11, 1966 (the reactor was not pressurised at that time however). Full start-up was on May 9, and commercial power production began on October 11, 1966.

Achievement[edit]

The single pressurized water reactor was of Soviet design – type VVER-210. Gross power of the station was 70 MWe, but 8 MWe was required to run plant systems, so net output to the grid was 62 MWe. Gross power output was subsequently raised to 75 MWe and then 80 MWe as operating experience increased. Cooling water was taken from the Nehmitzsee and by a special discharge channel was discharged into the Stechlinsee. The plant accumulated 130,000 hours of operating time.

Safety[edit]

The worst accident occurring in 1973 at the plant during operation was classified as an INES level-2 event. A tear in tubing in a cooling circuit was noticed quickly and was repaired. In 2011, Deutschlandradio Kultur produced a radioplay about this event. Rheinsberger Restlaufzeit combines a fictional story with original sound clips of the former spokesman of the nuclear power plant as he reconstructs the events of 1973.[1]

End of operations and decommissioning[edit]

The power plant had been scheduled to be operated for 20 years until 1987; in 1986 (after renovation work) this was extended to 1992. However, on 1st June 1990 the impeding German reunification put an end to operations, when the power station was permanently shut down by the last East-German government due to safety concerns.

Since 1995 the plant has been undergoing decommissioning activities conducted by the company previously operating the plant during its active life (Energiewerke Nord GmbH). Radioactive materials are being moved to a temporary storage facility.

The area is under consideration for either site "greening" or conversion into an Industrial park once the plant has been dismantled.

Picture on East German Currency[edit]

The engraving on the reverse of the 1971 series East German 10 Mark banknote shows a female engineer at the control console of the Rheinsberg plant. The obverse features women's rights advocate Clara Zetkin.

See also[edit]

Nuclear plants built in the former East Germany

References[edit]

  1. ^ Rheinsberger Restlaufzeit, Deutschlandradio, 2011