Rheniite, hardened lava on the backside, from the Kudriavy Volcano, Kurile Islands
|Crystal symmetry||Triclinic pinacoidal
H-M symbol: (1)
Space group: P1
|Unit cell||a = 6.47 Å, b = 6.368 Å, c = 6.401 Å; α = 105°, β = 91.59°, γ = 118.9°; Z = 4|
|Color||Black, red translucent|
|Diaphaneity||Opaque, translucent in thin fragments|
Rheniite is the first mineral of the element rhenium to be found. The second known approved rhenium mineral is tarkianite, being also a sulfide. Almost all commercially mined rhenium is retrieved as a by-product of molybdenum mining as rhenium occurs in amounts up to 0.2% in the mineral molybdenite. A discredited rhenium sulfide known as zappinite does not appear to be valid.
Rheniite has also been reported in the Pagoni Rachi Mo–Cu–Te–Ag–Au deposit in northeastern Greece where it occurs with molybdenite in quartz veins associated with an epithermal system in a dacite porphyry.
- Korzhinsky, M.A.; S. I. Tkachenko; K. I. Shmulovich; Y. A. Taran; G. S. Steinberg (2004-05-05). "Discovery of a pure rhenium mineral at Kudriavy volcano". Nature 369 (6475): 51–52. Bibcode:1994Natur.369...51K. doi:10.1038/369051a0.
- Voudouris, Panagiotis C., et al., 2009, Rhenium-rich molybdenite and rheniite in the Pagoni Rachi Mo-Cu-Te-Ag-Au prospect, Northern Greece: implications for the Re geochemistry of porphyry-style Cu-Mo and Mo mineralization, Canadian Mineralogist 47, 1013-1036
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