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Rheniite, hardened lava on the backside, from the Kudriavy Volcano, Kurile Islands
Category Sulfide mineral
(repeating unit)
Strunz classification 2.EB.35
Crystal system Triclinic
Crystal class Pinacoidal (1)
(same H-M symbol)
Space group P1
Unit cell a = 6.47 Å, b = 6.368 Å
c = 6.401 Å; α = 105°
β = 91.59°, γ = 118.9°; Z = 4
Color Black, red translucent
Crystal habit Platey
Luster Metallic
Streak Black
Diaphaneity Opaque, translucent in thin fragments
References [1][2]

Rheniite is a very rare rhenium sulfide mineral (ReS2). It forms metallic, silver grey platey crystals in the triclinic - pinacoidal class.[1] It has a specific gravity of 7.5.

It was discovered at the Kudriavy Volcano, Iturup Island in the Kurile Islands, Russia[3] and approved in 2004. It is found in active hot fumaroles on the volcano.

Rheniite is the first mineral of the element rhenium to be found. The second known approved rhenium mineral is tarkianite, being also a sulfide. Almost all commercially mined rhenium is retrieved as a by-product of molybdenum mining as rhenium occurs in amounts up to 0.2% in the mineral molybdenite. A discredited rhenium sulfide known as zappinite does not appear to be valid.

Rheniite has also been reported in the Pagoni Rachi Mo–Cu–Te–Ag–Au deposit in northeastern Greece where it occurs with molybdenite in quartz veins associated with an epithermal system in a dacite porphyry.[4]


  1. ^ a b Webmineral
  2. ^ Mindat.org
  3. ^ Korzhinsky, M.A.; S. I. Tkachenko; K. I. Shmulovich; Y. A. Taran; G. S. Steinberg (2004-05-05). "Discovery of a pure rhenium mineral at Kudriavy volcano". Nature. 369 (6475): 51–52. Bibcode:1994Natur.369...51K. doi:10.1038/369051a0. 
  4. ^ Voudouris, Panagiotis C., et al., 2009, Rhenium-rich molybdenite and rheniite in the Pagoni Rachi Mo-Cu-Te-Ag-Au prospect, Northern Greece: implications for the Re geochemistry of porphyry-style Cu-Mo and Mo mineralization, Canadian Mineralogist 47, 1013-1036