Rheola, Victoria

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Rheola
Victoria
Rheola is located in Shire of Loddon
Rheola
Rheola
Coordinates 36°39′06″S 143°41′54″E / 36.65167°S 143.69833°E / -36.65167; 143.69833Coordinates: 36°39′06″S 143°41′54″E / 36.65167°S 143.69833°E / -36.65167; 143.69833
Population 316 (2011 census)[1]
Postcode(s) 3517
Elevation 216 m (709 ft)
Location
LGA(s) Shire of Loddon
State electorate(s) Ripon
Federal Division(s) Murray

Rheola is a locality in central Victoria, Australia. At the 2011 census, Rheola and the surrounding area had a population of 316.[1] Originally called the 'Berlin Rush' or 'Berlin field' after gold nuggets were found. It is part of Victoria's 'Golden Triangle,'[2] which contains some of the world's richest gold fields. Some of the gold nuggets found in these fields include the Welcome Stranger, Hand of Faith, and the Blanche Barkly. The Viscount Canterbury, Viscountess Canterbury and Precious were all found in the gold field at Rheola.[3]

Nearby locations are the towns of Inglewood (birthplace of Sir Reginald Ansett), Moliagul (birthplace of The Flying Doctors, Reverend John Flynn) and Melville Caves located in the Kooyoora State Park.

The district is known for its annual Easter Monday Charity Carnival which began in 1871.[4]

Location[edit]

Rheola is within the Loddon Shire, located 60 kilometers west of Bendigo. Nearby districts include: Kingower, Arnold, Llanelly, Murphys Creek, Moliagul, Logan, Wehla and the Kooyoora State Park. Nearby towns include: Inglewood, Wedderburn, St Arnaud and Dunolly.

History[edit]

Rheola, like its neighbouring districts, was founded as gold mining village during the gold rush in the second half of the 19th century. Originally named 'Berlin' (earlier called Byr Lyn or Bervie) the mining village was based near Kangderaar Creek which runs though the area.

The Berlin Post Office was established on 15 February 1869 but was changed to the Rheola Post Office in November 1876 when the town changed its name to Rheola after the town in Wales.[5] The Post Office closed on 19 June 1974.[6]

The 'Berlin Rush' beginnings, August 1868 when Alexander Clelland sank a shallow shaft outside John Catto's Paddock and found a 60 oz nugget at the bottom. The Government rewarded him 100 pounds for the discovery of what he called "Bervie" Gold field. This name was spelled incorrectly and became Berlin in the official register.[7] The Rheola area became famous for its beds of large nuggets scattered through the gullies.[5]

Some of the gold nuggets found during the 19th century include: The Needful found in 1869, Rum Ton found in 1870, Viscount Canterbury found in 1871, Precious found in 1871, Viscountess Canterbury and the Crescent found in 1872. John Catto's Paddock was the location of both the Precious and the Viscount Canterbury.[3] The Precious was Victoria’ fourth largest nugget, weighted at 1,717 ounces.[8]

Easter Monday Charity Carnival[edit]

The Rheola Charity Carnival began in 1871. Events at the Charity Carnival include the wood chopping, vintage tractor pull, small stationary engines display, classic cars and ute display, sheep dog trials, clay target shooting, horse riding event, sheaf tossing, "Miss Rheola" Carnival Girl and the Rheola Gift footrace. Money raised during the event goes to local hospitals in Inglewood and Dunolly as well as helping to fund the maintenance of the Hall and grounds where the carnival is held.[9] The event has in recent years had the slogan "Real Country Entertainment since 1871" a prior slogan was "All roads lead to Rheola".

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Australian Bureau of Statistics (31 October 2012). "Rheola (State Suburb)". 2011 Census QuickStats. Retrieved 7 December 2014.  Edit this at Wikidata
  2. ^ Lodden Shire Council. "www.loddon.vic.gov.au". Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  3. ^ a b National Library of Victoria. "Catalogue". Retrieved 14 August 2012. 
  4. ^ Bendigo Tourism. "Whats On This Month". Retrieved 13 August 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Gold Fever Prospecting. "History & Methods". 
  6. ^ Premier Postal History. "Post Office List". Retrieved 12 August 2012. 
  7. ^ Department of Planning and Community Development. "Kerong Region Sites" (PDF). 
  8. ^ Department of Planning and Community Development. "Korong Historical Notes" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 10 July 2012. 
  9. ^ 2012 Rheola Charity Carnival Poster

External links[edit]