Rheum officinale

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Rheum officinale
Rheum officinale1.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Order: Caryophyllales
Family: Polygonaceae
Genus: Rheum
R. officinale
Binomial name
Rheum officinale

Rheum officinale, the Chinese rhubarb[1] or Tibetan rhubarb,[2] is a rhubarb from the family Polygonaceae native to China.[3]

Medicinal uses[edit]

Rheum officinale is used in traditional medicine, in Chinese is called yào yòng dà huáng (Chinese: 药用大黄). It is also a component in the North American herbal remedy called Essiac tea.

In modern medicine, R. officinale has been studied for the treatment of hepatitis B. However, a meta-analysis of published clinical trials concluded that the quality of existing studies was "poor", but further study of R. officinale in combination with interferon is "justified".[4]

In Indonesia, especially in Java, it is known as "Klembak" and it is usually dried, and mixed with tobacco and frankincense to create a Rokok Klembak Menyan. A traditional Javanese frankincense cigarette.

See also[edit]


  1. ^ "Rheum officinale". Natural Resources Conservation Service PLANTS Database. USDA. Retrieved 20 October 2015.
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007". Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original (xls) on 2015-01-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17.
  3. ^ "Rheum officinale Baillon, Adansonia. 10: 246. 1871", Flora of China online, 5, 2004, retrieved 7 July 2015
  4. ^ McCulloch, M; Broffman, M; Gao, J; Colford Jr, JM (2002). "Chinese Herbal Medicine and Interferon in the Treatment of Chronic Hepatitis B: A Meta-Analysis of Randomized, Controlled Trials". American Journal of Public Health. 92 (10): 1619–28. doi:10.2105/AJPH.92.10.1619. PMC 1447297. PMID 12356611.