Rhinanthus

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Rhinanthus
Yellow-rattle close 700.jpg
Rhinanthus minor
Scientific classification
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Rhinanthus

Species

See text

Rhinanthus (rattle) is a genus of annual hemiparasitic herbaceous plants in the family Orobanchaceae, formerly classified in the family Scrophulariaceae. The genus consists of about 30-40 species found in Europe, northern Asia, and North America, with the greatest species diversity (28 species) in Europe.

Phylogeny[edit]

The phylogeny of the genera of Rhinantheae has been explored using molecular characters.[1][2] Rhinanthus is the sister genus to Lathraea, and then to Rhynchocorys. These three genera share phylogenetic affinities with members of the core Rhinantheae: Bartsia, Euphrasia, Tozzia, Hedbergia, Bellardia, and Odontites. Melampyrum appears as a more distant relative.

Cladogram: Genus-level phylogeny of tribe Rhinantheae based on molecular characters (ITS, rps16 intron and trnK region).[1][2]
  Rhinantheae  

  Melampyrum  

  Rhynchocorys  

  Lathraea

  Rhinanthus

  Core Rhinantheae  

  Bartsia sensu stricto (Bartsia alpina)

  Euphrasia

  Tozzia

  Hedbergia (including Bartsia decurva + B. longiflora)

  Bellardia (including Parentucellia
  and Bartsia canescens + B. mutica)

  Odontites sensu lato
  (including Bornmuellerantha and Bartsiella)

Systematics[edit]

Selected species[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Těšitel, Jakub; Říha, Pavel; Svobodová, Šárka; Malinová, Tamara; Štech, Milan (2010-10-28). "Phylogeny, Life History Evolution and Biogeography of the Rhinanthoid Orobanchaceae". Folia Geobotanica. 45 (4): 347–367. doi:10.1007/s12224-010-9089-y. ISSN 1211-9520.
  2. ^ a b Scheunert, Agnes; Fleischmann, Andreas; Olano-Marín, Catalina; Bräuchler, Christian; Heubl, Günther (2012-12-14). "Phylogeny of tribe Rhinantheae (Orobanchaceae) with a focus on biogeography, cytology and re-examination of generic concepts". Taxon. 61 (6): 1269–1285.

External links[edit]