Rhenish Franconian languages

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Rhenish Franconian
Rhenish-Franconian, Rhine Franconian, Rhine-Franconian
Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Hesse, Lorraine, Alsace
Linguistic classificationIndo-European
Die Frankiese taalgebied.png
Rhenish Franconian among the Franconian languages.
  Palatine German & Lorraine Franconian

East Franconian is classified as Vulnerable by the UNESCO Atlas of the World's Languages in Danger
Area where Rhine Franconian is spoken. 1 Hessian, 2 Palatinate German 3 Lorraine Franconian

Rhenish Franconian or Rhine Franconian (German: Rheinfränkisch [ˈʁaɪnfʁankɪʃ] (listen)) is a dialect chain of West Central German. It comprises the varieties of German spoken across the western regions of the states of Saarland, Rhineland-Palatinate, northwest Baden-Württemberg, and Hesse in Germany. It is also spoken in northeast France, in the eastern part of the département of Moselle in the Lorraine region, and in the north-west part of Bas-Rhin in Alsace. To the south, it is bounded by the Sankt Goar line (or das–dat line) which separates it from Moselle Franconian; to the north, it is bounded by the Main line which is also referred to as the Speyer line which separates it from the Upper German dialects.



See also[edit]


  • Hughes, Stephanie. 2005. Bilingualism in North-East France with specific reference to Rhenish Franconian spoken by Moselle Cross-border (or frontier) workers. In Preisler, Bent, et al., eds. The Consequences of Mobility: Linguistic and Sociocultural Contact Zones. Roskilde, Denmark: Roskilde Universitetscenter: Institut for Sprog og Kultur. ISBN 87-7349-651-0.


  1. ^ Hartmut Beckers: Westmitteldeutsch. In: Lexikon der Germanistischen Linguistik. Herausgegeben von Hans Peter Althaus, Helmut Henne, Herbert Ernst Wiegand. 2nd ed., Max Niemeyer Verlag Tübingen, Tübingen, 1980 (1st ed. 1973), p. 468ff., here p. 468
  2. ^ Cornelia Stroh: Sprachkontakt und Sprachbewußtsein: Eine soziolinguistische Studie am Beispiel Ost-Lothringens. Gunter Narr Verlag Tübingen, Tübingen, 1993, p. 34