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Temporal range: 150–0 Ma
Tithonian to Present
Rhinobatos rhinobatos.jpg
Rhinobatos rhinobatos
Scientific classification

Rhinobatos hakelensis fossil

Rhinobatos is a genus of fish in the Rhinobatidae family.[1] Although previously used to encompass all guitarfishes, it was found to be polyphyletic,[2] and recent authorities have transferred many species included in the genus to Acroteriobatus, Glaucostegus, and Pseudobatos.[3]


The 15 currently recognized species in this genus are:[2][3]

Extinct species[edit]

Fossil of Rhinobatos whitfieldi
Fossil of Rhinobatos hakelensis

Species within this genus include: [7]

  • †Rhinobatos beurleni Silva Santos 1968
  • †Rhinobatos bruxelliensis Jaekel 1894
  • †Rhinobatos casieri Herman 1975
  • †Rhinobatos grandis Davis 1887
  • †Rhinobatos hakelensis Capetta 1980
  • †Rhinobatos incertus Cappetta 1973
  • †Rhinobatos intermedius Davis 1887
  • †Rhinobatos latus Davis 1887
  • †Rhinobatos maronita Pictet and Humbert 1866
  • †Rhinobatos primarmatus Woodward 1889
  • †Rhinobatos sahnii Sahni and Mehrotra 1981
  • †Rhinobatos steurbauti Cappetta and Nolf 1981
  • †Rhinobatos tenuirostris Davis 1887
  • †Rhinobatos whitfieldi Hay 1903

Fossil record[edit]

These fishes lived from the Tithonian age to Present (from 150 to 0 million years ago). Fossils have been found in Europe, Africa, Jordan, Syria, Saudi Arabia, India and United States.


See also[edit]


  1. ^ Wilga, C.D.; Motta, P.J. (1998). "Feeding mechanism of the Atlantic guitarfish Rhinobatos lentiginosus: Modulation of kinematic and motor activity". Journal of Experimental Biology. 201 (23): 3167–3184.
  2. ^ a b Naylor, G.J.P.; Caira, J.N.; Jensen, K.; Rosana, K.A.M.; Straube, N.; Lakner, C. (2012). Carrier, J.C.; Musick, J.A.; Heithaus, M.R. (eds.). Elasmobranch Phylogeny: A Mitochondrial Estimate Based on 595 Species. Biology of Sharks and Their Relatives (2 ed.). CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida. pp. 31–56.
  3. ^ a b Peter Last; William White; Marcelo de Carvalho; Bernard Séret; Matthias Stehmann; Gavin Naylor, eds. (2016). Rays of the World. CSIRO. ISBN 9780643109148.
  4. ^ a b Last, P.R.; White, W.T.; Fahmi (2006). "Rhinobatos jimbaranensis and R. penggali, two new shovelnose rays (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from eastern Indonesia". Cybium. 30 (3): 261–271.
  5. ^ Last, P.R.; Compagno, L.J.V.; Nakaya, K. (2004). "Rhinobatos nudidorsalis, a new species of shovelnose ray (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from the Mascarene Ridge, central Indian Ocean". Ichthyological Research. 51 (2): 153–158. doi:10.1007/s10228-004-0211-0.
  6. ^ Last, P.R.; Corrigan, S.; Naylor, G. (2014). "Rhinobatos whitei, a new shovelnose ray (Batoidea: Rhinobatidae) from the Philippine Archipelago". Zootaxa. 3872 (1): 31–47. doi:10.11646/zootaxa.3872.1.3.
  7. ^ Paleobiology Database