Rhinochelys

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Rhinochelys
Temporal range: Upper Cretaceous
Protostegidae - Rhinochelys nammourensis.JPG
Fossil of Rhinochelys nammourensis
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Order: Testudines
Suborder: Cryptodira
Family: Protostegidae
Genus: Rhinochelys
Seeley, 1869

Rhinochelys is an extinct genus of sea turtles belonging to the family Protostegidae.

Fossil records[edit]

Fossils of Rhinochelys have been found in Cenomanian-age marine deposits of southern England, Lebanon, and France.[1]

Species[edit]

Three species of Rhinochelys are recognized:[1][2]

  • Rhinochelys pulchriceps (Owen, 1851)
  • Rhinochelys amaberti Moret, 1935
  • Rhinochelys nammourensis Haiyan Tong, Ren Hirayama, Edouard Makhoul and François Escuillie, 2006[3]

Rhinochelys cantabrigiensis and R. elegans, both named by Richard Lydekker in 1889, are recovered by Scavezzoni and Fischer (2018) as closer to Desmatochelys than to Rhinochelys and possibly are not congeneric with Rhinochelys.[1]

Bibliography[edit]

  • Hirayama, R., 1997: Distribution and diversity of Cretaceous chelonioids. 225-243. in Callaway, J. M. & Nicholls, E. L., (eds.), 1997: Ancient marine reptiles. Academic Press, San Diego, London, Boston, New York, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto, 1997, pp. xlvi - 501
  • Moody, R. T. J., 1997: The paleogeography of marine and coastal turtles of the North Atlantic and Trans-Saharan regions. 259-278 in Callaway, J. M. & Nicholls, E. L., (eds.) 1997: Ancient Marine Reptiles. Academic Press, San Diego, London, Boston, New York, Sydney, Tokyo, Toronto, 1997, xlvi-501

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b c Scavezzoni I, Fischer V. (2018) Rhinochelys amaberti Moret (1935), a protostegid turtle from the Early Cretaceous of France. PeerJ 6:e4594 https://doi.org/10.7717/peerj.4594
  2. ^ Collins JI. 1970. The chelonian Rhinochelys Seeley from the Upper Cretaceous of England and France. Palaeontology 13(3):355-378
  3. ^ Haiyan Tong, Hirayama R., Makhoul, E. & Escuillie F. 2006. Rhinochelys (Chelonioidea : Protostegidae) from the Late Cretaceous (Cenomanian) of Nammoura, Lebanon. Atti della società italiana di scienze naturali e del museo civico di storia naturale di Milano 147 (1) : 113 – 138