From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Jump to navigation Jump to search

Temporal range: Oligocene–Recent
Harriotta raleighana (Narrownose chimaera).gif
Narrownose chimaera (Harriotta raleighana)
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Chondrichthyes
Order: Chimaeriformes
Family: Rhinochimaeridae
Garman, 1901


The Rhinochimaeridae, commonly known as long-nosed chimaeras,[2] are a family of cartilaginous fish. They are similar in form and habits to other chimaeras, but have an exceptionally long conical or paddle-shaped snout. The snout has numerous sensory nerve endings, and is used to find food such as small fish.[3] The first dorsal fin includes a mildly venomous spine, used in defense.[1]

Long-nosed chimaeras are found in temperate and tropical seas worldwide, from 200 to 2,000 m (660 to 6,560 ft) in depth.[1] They range from 60 to 140 cm (2.0 to 4.6 ft) in maximum total length, depending on species.

Rhinochimaeridae in the Gulf of Mexico at roughly 4300 ft deep


The eight known species are in three genera:[1]

Family Rhinochimaeridae

Pacific longnose chimaera, Harriotta raleighana


  1. ^ a b c d Froese, Rainer, and Daniel Pauly, eds. (2009). "Rhinochimaeridae" in FishBase. January 2009 version.
  2. ^ CBC News: Creepy deepwater fish surprises Nova Scotia fisherman
  3. ^ Stevens, H. & Last, P.R. (1998). Paxton, J.R. & Eschmeyer, W.N., eds. Encyclopedia of Fishes. San Diego: Academic Press. p. 69. ISBN 0-12-547665-5.

External links[edit]