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Scientific classification
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Arthropoda
Subphylum: Crustacea
Class: Malacostraca
Order: Decapoda
Family: Lithodidae
Genus: Rhinolithodes
Brandt, 1848
Species: R. wosnessenskii
Binomial name
Rhinolithodes wosnessenskii
Brandt, 1848 [1]

Rhinolithodes wosnessenskii, also called the rhinoceros crab or golf-ball crab,[2] is a species of king crab, the only species in the genus Rhinolithodes. The species is named after Ilya Gavrilovich Voznesenski.[3] It is found at depths of 6–73 metres (20–240 ft) in the north-east Pacific Ocean from Kodiak, Alaska to Crescent City, California.[4][5]

R. wosnessenskii grows to 7 centimetres (2.8 in) across the carapace, which is triangular and has a deep semicircular depression. The legs are covered in spines and long setae. It lives in crevices on rocky or gravel bottoms, and is only rarely encountered.[5]


  1. ^ "Rhinolithodes wosnessenskii". Integrated Taxonomic Information System. Retrieved October 8, 2010. 
  2. ^ "Golf-ball crab". nicolaoutdoors.com. August 1, 2004. 
  3. ^ Hans G. Hansson. "Biographical Etymology of Marine Organism Names". Tjärnö Marine Biological Laboratory, Göteborg University. Retrieved 2007-08-17. 
  4. ^ V. V. Petryashev (2005). "Biogeographical division of the North Pacific sublittoral and upper bathyal zones by the fauna of Mysidacea and Anomura (Crustacea)". Russian Journal of Marine Biology. 31 (Supplement 1): S9–S26. doi:10.1007/s11179-006-0011-7. 
  5. ^ a b Dave Cowles (2004). "Rhinolithodes wosnessenskii Brandt, 1849". Walla Walla University.