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Signs and symptoms
Rhinophyma is characterised by prominent pores and a fibrous thickening of the nose, sometimes with papules. It is associated with the common skin condition rosacea. It can carry a strong psychological impact due to its effect on one's personal appearance.
Rhinophyma is a slowly progressive condition due to hypertrophy of the sebaceous glands of the tip of the nose often seen in cases of long-standing rosacea; it is not a cancer. It presents as a pink, lobulated mass over the nose with dilation of the superficial blood vessels; it mostly affects men past middle age. People affected by rhinophyma typically seek advice because of the perceived unsightly appearance of the enlargement, or obstruction in breathing and vision.
Rhinophyma may be diagnosed without testing, but a skin biopsy can confirm the diagnosis.
Treatment consists of paring down the bulk of the tissue with a sharp instrument or carbon dioxide laser and allowing the area to re-epithelialise. Sometimes, the tissue is completely excised and the raw area skin-grafted.
The term rhinophyma is derived from Greek ῥινός "rīnós ('nose') and φῦμα pʰyma ('growth').
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