The region lies on the southern edge of the Rhinluch (Rhin moor) and at the feet of the up to 110 Meter high Rhinower Mountains. The Rhin river flows west through the district into the Gülper See at the southwestern border. Federal highway (Bundesstraße) 102 cuts through the area. Since 2003, the stretch between Rathenow and Neustadt (Dosse) is no longer served by public rail transit (Öffentlichen Personennahverkehr).
Development of population since 1875 within the current boundaries (Blue line: Population; Dotted line: Comparison to population development of Brandenburg state; Grey background: Time of Nazi rule; Red background: Time of communist rule)
Population development within the current boundaries (2013)