Pararhizobium giardinii

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Pararhizobium giardinii
Scientific classification
Kingdom: Bacteria
Phylum: Proteobacteria
Class: Alpha Proteobacteria
Order: Rhizobiales
Family: Rhizobiaceae
Genus: Pararhizobium
Species: P. giardinii
Binomial name
Pararhizobium giardinii
(Amarger et al. 1997) Mousavi et al. 2015 [1]
  • symbiovar phaseoli
  • Rhizobium giardinii Amarger et al. 1997

Pararhizobium giardinii is a Gram negative root nodule bacteria. It forms nitrogen-fixing root nodules on legumes, being first isolated from those of Phaseolus vulgaris.[2][3]


  1. ^ Mousavi SA, Willems A, Nesme X, de Lajudie P, Lindström K (2015). "Revised phylogeny of Rhizobiaceae: proposal of the delineation of Pararhizobium gen. nov., and 13 new species combinations". Syst Appl Microbiol 38 (2): 84–90. doi:10.1016/j.syapm.2014.12.003. PMID 25595870. 
  2. ^ Mhamdi, R (2002). "Different species and symbiotic genotypes of field rhizobia can nodulate Phaseolus vulgaris in Tunisian soils". FEMS Microbiology Ecology 41 (1): 77–84. doi:10.1016/S0168-6496(02)00264-7. ISSN 0168-6496. 
  3. ^ Amarger, N.; Macheret, V.; Laguerre, G. (1997). "Rhizobium gallicum sp. nov. and Rhizobium giardinii sp. nov., from Phaseolus vulgaris Nodules". International Journal of Systematic Bacteriology 47 (4): 996–1006. doi:10.1099/00207713-47-4-996. ISSN 0020-7713. PMID 9336898. 

Further reading[edit]

  • Beyhaut, Elena; Tlusty, Becki; van Berkum, Peter; Graham, Peter H (2006). "Rhizobium giardinii is the microsymbiont of Illinois bundleflower (Desmanthus illinoensis (Michx.) Macmillan) in midwestern prairies". Canadian Journal of Microbiology 52 (9): 903–907. doi:10.1139/w06-051. ISSN 0008-4166. 
  • Velazquez, E.; Martinez-Romero, E.; Rodriguez-Navarro, D.N.; Trujillo, M.E.; Daza, A.; Mateos, P. F.; Martinez-Molina, E.; van Berkum, P. (2001). "Characterization of Rhizobial Isolates of Phaseolus vulgaris by Staircase Electrophoresis of Low-Molecular-Weight RNA". Applied and Environmental Microbiology 67 (2): 1008–1010. doi:10.1128/AEM.67.2.1008-1010.2001. ISSN 0099-2240. 
  • Krishnan, Hari B.; Emerich, David W. (2009). Nitrogen fixation in crop production. Madison, WI: American Society of Agronomy. ISBN 0-89118-170-9. 
  • Zotov, V. S.; Punina, N. V.; Khapchaeva, S. A.; Didovych, S. V.; Melnichuk, T. N.; Topunov, A. F. (2013). "A new taxonomic marker of nodule bacteria of the Rhizobium genus and its evolution". Russian Journal of Genetics: Applied Research 3 (2): 102–113. doi:10.1134/S2079059713020111. ISSN 2079-0597. 

External links[edit]