Rhizophora stylosa

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Rhizophora stylosa
Rhizopora stylosa Found in Mangrove of Cilintang, Taman Nasional Ujung Kulon, Banten.jpg
In Ujung Kulon National Park, Java
Rhizophora stylosa - Flickr - Kevin Thiele.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Malpighiales
Family: Rhizophoraceae
Genus: Rhizophora
R. stylosa
Binomial name
Rhizophora stylosa

Rhizophora stylosa, the spotted mangrove,[3] red mangrove, small stilted mangrove or stilt-root mangrove,[4] is a tree in the family Rhizophoraceae. The specific epithet stylosa is from the Latin meaning "stylus form", referring to the flower.[5]


Rhizophora stylosa grows up to 15 metres (50 ft) tall with a trunk diameter of up to 25 centimetres (10 in). The bark is dark brown to black. The fruits are ovoid to pear-shaped and measure up to 4 cm (2 in) long.[5]

Distribution and habitat[edit]

Rhizophora stylosa grows naturally in Japan, China, Taiwan, Cambodia, Vietnam, Malesia, Australia (New South Wales and Queensland)[2][5][6] and many areas of the Pacific.[1] Its habitat is sandy beaches and coral terraces on seashores.[5]


  1. ^ a b Ellison, J.; Duke, N.; Kathiresan, K.; Salmo III, S.G.; Fernando, E.S.; Peras, J.R.; Sukardjo, S.; Miyagi, T. (2010). "Rhizophora stylosa". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2010: e.T178850A7626520. doi:10.2305/IUCN.UK.2010-2.RLTS.T178850A7626520.en. Retrieved 20 November 2021.
  2. ^ a b "Rhizophora stylosa Griff". Tropicos. Missouri Botanical Garden. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  3. ^ "Species profile—Rhizophora stylosa (spotted mangrove)". State of Queensland. 20 October 2014. Retrieved 26 April 2020.
  4. ^ "Rhizophora stylosa". Germplasm Resources Information Network (GRIN). Agricultural Research Service (ARS), United States Department of Agriculture (USDA). Retrieved 9 May 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d Madani, L.; Wong, K. M. (1995). "Rhizophora stylosa Griff." (PDF). In Soepadmo, E.; Wong, K. M. (eds.). Tree Flora of Sabah and Sarawak. (free online from the publisher, lesser resolution scan PDF versions). Vol. 1. Forest Research Institute Malaysia. pp. 348–349. ISBN 983-9592-34-3. Retrieved 23 August 2014.
  6. ^ "Rhizophora stylosa". PlantNet – New South Wales Flora Online. Retrieved 26 April 2020.

External links[edit]